Surgical Techniques - Instrument Sterilization and Environmental and Equipment Disinfection 3-A Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Surgical Techniques - Instrument Sterilization and Environmental and Equipment Disinfection 3-A Deck (91)
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1

Agent capable of killing spore-forming organisms in the free spore state

sporicidal

2

Protection against wound infection pre-, inter-, and post-operatively through aseptic technique

surgical asepsis

3

a small glass receptacle for holding liquids or powders

flask

4

actual or suspected relative number of microorganisms found in an area or on an item

bioburden

5

a highly resistant, protective covering or casing formed by a bacterium

spore

6

chemical agent that destroys microorganisms

disinfectant

7

surface or medium on which an organism grows or is attached

substrate

8

open inner space of a tube, which can be in an endoscope, a catheter, or a needle; a hollow cavity in an organ or a blood vessel; can also be a unit of invisible, translit light that is generally described as a measure of brightness

lumen

9

hospital-acquired infection

nonsocomial

10

substance that kills all forms of living matter including spore-bearing ones

sterilant

11

non-living or lifeless

inanimate

12

transmission of microorganisms from patient to patient and from inanimate objects to patients and vice versa

cross contamination

13

agent that destroys germs

germicide

14

having the capacity to chemically kill pseudomonas bacteria which commonly causes infections in wounds, burns, and the urinary tract

pseudimonacidal

15

the process for removing contaminants from an object that has been exposed to hazardous materials, such as infectious material and blood, chemicals, or radioactive substances

decontamination

16

a chemical agent that inhibits the growth of microorganisms without necessarily killing them

antiseptic

17

having the capacity to prevent of destroy or inhibit the growth of fungi

fungicidal

18

causative agent that is spread by persons coming into contact with body fluids or droplets that leave by mans of an infected person's portals of exit

pathogen

19

very small mass of liquid carried in a spray from the nose or mouth which falls to surface upon expiration as liquid and which are not readily inhaled

droplet

20

inanimate objects which are freshly contaminated with secretions or excretions from an infected person or carrier

fomites

21

an animal, especially an insect, that transmits pathogens from infected to non-infected individuals

vector

22

having the capacity to or tending to destroy or inactivate viruses

virucidal

23

having the capacity to prevent or destroy the growth or action of bacteria

bactericidal

24

any occurrence that compromises the sterility of the package

event-related sterility

25

sterility is less critical for those items that come in contact with mucous membranes or broken skin. Items are considered clean and require minimal disinfection using a chemical disinfectant, such as glutaraldehyde, hydrogen peroxide, and peracetic acid with hydrogen peroxide to reduce microorganisms before use.

semicritical

26

Any items introduced to internal body areas or areas with high risk of infection if contaminated with microorganisms, including bacterial spores. These items must be handles with sterile technique to maintain sterility.

critical

27

Items that come in contact with intact skin but not mucous membranes. Most reusable items may be decontaminated where they are used and do not need to be transported to Central Processing.

noncritical

28

the immediate disinfection process following discharge of infectious material from the body of an infected person or after contamination of articles by an infectious agent

concurrent disinfection

29

used on noncritical items such as floors, walls, and anesthesia equipment

Level 3 low-level disinfectant

30

used to disinfect or sterilize surgical instruments

Level 1 high-level disinfectant