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Flashcards in TA Review Deck (29):
1

Primarily Retroperitoneal with mnemonic

Kids And Infants Are Totally Ugly
Kidneys
Aorta
IVC
Adrenal Glands
Testes
Ureter

2

Secondarily Retroperitoneal with mnemonic

Ac/Dc Can Really Party Down (from 2-4)
Ascending Colon
Descending Colon
Cecum
Rectum
Pancreas
Duodenum (2-4)

3

Extraperitoneal with mnemonic

Bee SOUP
Bladder
Seminal Vesicles
Ovaries
Uterus
Prostrate

4

Psoas Major location/function

Located right lateral to the inferior vertebral column in the posterior abdominal wall, right above the pelvic bowl. Important in flexion/external rotation of the hip.

5

Quadratus Lumborum

Right lateral to the psoas major. Acts on both vertebral column and ilium.

6

Transversis Abdominis

Lateral to quadratus lumborus. Innermost abdominal muscle. Helps compress abdominal contents.

7

Iliacus

Extends below from the psoas, extends down the ilium. Important for lifting femur forward.

8

Subcoastal root value

T12

9

Ilioinguinal root value

L1

10

Iliohypogastric

T12-L1

11

Geniotfemoral

L1-L2

12

Femoral

L2-L4

13

Obdurator

L2-L4

14

Lateral Femoral Cutaneous Branch

L2-L3

15

Kidney innervation

T10-L1

16

Blood Flow to the Kidney

Renal artery --> Segmental Artery --> Interlobar Artery --> Arcuate artery --> Interlobular artery --. Afferent arteriole --> Glomerulus --> Efferent Arteriole --> Vasa Recta --> Interlobular Vein --> Arcuate Vein --> Interlobar Vein --> Renal vein --> IVC

17

Position of kidneys

Right at T12, Left T11

18

Left vs Right Adrenals

Left --> Semilunar
Right --> Triangular

19

Blood supply of adrenals

Superior suprarenal artery (branch of inferior phrenic artery)
Middle suprarenal artery (branch of aorta)
Inferior suprarenal artery (branch of renal artery)
Drained by suprarenal vein. Right drains into IVC, Left drains into L. Renal vein

20

Layers of adrenals, top to bottom, and what they make

1-4 --> cortex
5 --> medulla
1. Capsule
2. Zona Glomerulosa, makes mineralocorticoids (salt)
3. Zona Fasciculata, makes glucocorticoids (sugar)
4. Zona Reticularis, makes androgens (Sex)
Salt sugar sex. The deeper you go the better it gets.
5. Medulla --> Epinephrine/norepinephrine

21

What is the first primordial of kidneys

Urogenital ridge, intermediate mesoderm. It develops into the gonadal ridge, and the nephrogenic cord.

22

Stages of kidney dev.

pronephros (Early fourth week, not functional), mesonephros (late fourth week, transitionally functional), metanephros (functional by week 9, created from diverticulum and mass through reciprocal induction).

23

Kidney migration

Migrate up during development, blood supply changes from common iliac to renal arteries.

24

Primordial germ layers of adrenals

Cortex --> Mesoderm
Medulla --> Neural Crest cells (makes sense bc they make epinephrine and norepinephrine)

25

Primordial of collecting duct

ureteric bud of metanephros

26

Primordial of filtration system (nephron)

blastema mass of metaphros

27

Function of cloacal membrane

Splits cloaca into urogenical sinus/rectum

28

Three parts of urogenital sinus

Top (V?) --> Bladder
Pelvic/middle --> Urethra
Bottom/Phallic --> Grows towards genital tubercle

29

Germ layers of bladder

Endothelium --> epithelial lining
outer layers --> splanchnic mesoderm