Table 1b: Clinical Use of Antibiotics Summary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Table 1b: Clinical Use of Antibiotics Summary Deck (30)
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1

Likely causative organisms in uncomplicated skin and soft tissue infections?

S. aureus, S. pyogenes, MRSA, MSSA

2

Empiric tx for skin and soft tissue infections?

Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, doxycycline, clindamycin

3

Tx for serious MRSA infection?

Vancomycin

4

Treatment for MSSA skin infection?

dicloxacillin or 1st generation cephalosporin (cephalexin)

5

Most likely causative organism in URI's?

Viruses

6

Most common bacterial pathogens of sinusitis, chronic, exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, and otitis media?

S. pneumo, H. influenzae, M catarrhalis

7

Most common bacteria in acute pharyngitis?

S. pyogenes

8

Empiric treatment of upper respiratory tract infections?

Amoxicillin (+ clav if patient has had prior abx for current infection)

9

treatment for URI in patient with penicillin allergy?

2nd or 3rd generation cephalosporin or clindamycin or macrolide

10

Empiric treatment for acute pharyngitis?

Penicillin V or amoxicillin

11

Treatment for acute pharyngitis in patient with penicillin allergy?

1st generation cephalosporin or clindamycin or macrolide

12

Most likely causative organism of pneumonia in an otherwise healthy patient?

S. pneumoniae

13

Empiric treatment of pneumonia in an otherwise healthy patient?

High dose amoxicillin or macrolide or doxycycline

14

Most likely causative organism of pneumonia in a patient with multiple comorbidities?

atypicals, H. influenzae, MSSA, M. catarrhalis

15

Treatment of pneumonia in a patient with multiple comorbidities?

Amox/clav or 2nd-3rd generation cephalosporin PLUS macrolide or doxycycline or respiratory quinalone

16

Likely causative organism of uncomplicated cystitis?

E. coli

17

Empiric treatment of uncomplicated cystitis?

Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole or nitrofurantoin or fosfomycin

18

Likely causative organism of uncomplicated pyelonephritis?

E. coli

19

Treatment of uncomplicated pyelonephritis?

Fluoroquinolone (ciprofloxacin or levofloxacin)

20

Tx for complicated cystitis/pyelonephritis?

Outpatient: FQ (levo or cipro)
Hospitalized: FQ, 3rd ceph, or pip/taz

21

Likely causative organism of cholangitis and diverticulitis?

E. coli, Bacteroides fragilis

22

Empiric treatment of cholangitis and diverticuitis?

Pip/taz or carbapenem or moxifloxacin, PLUS metronidazole if severe

23

What is the likely causative organism of antibiotic associated diarrhea?

C. diff

24

Treatment for antibiotic associated diarrhea?

Metronidazole in mild-moderate, vancomycin in severe cases

25

Likely causative organisms of meningitis in children-adults?

S. pneumoniae, N. meningitidis

26

Empiric treatment of meningitis in children-adults?

Ceftriaxone or cefotaxime + vancomycin

27

Likely causative organism of meningitis in pregnant patients, immunocompromised patients, and patients > age 50?

L. monocytogenes

28

Empiric treatment for meningitis in pregnant patients, immunocompromised patients, and patients > age 50?

Ceftriaxone or cefotaxime PLUS vancomycin PLUS ampicillin +/- gentamicin

29

Likely causative organism of meningitis in neonates?

Group B strep, enteric gram - bacteria, L. monocytogenes

30

Empiric treatment of meningitis in neonates?

Ampicillin PLUS ceftriaxone or cefotaxime +/- gentamycin