Flashcards in Terms related to movements Deck (34)
The act of bendind a joint. Decreases the angle of the joint
Extending a joint beyond the straight or neutral position.
The act of straightening a joint. Increases the angle of a joint
A hyperextension that results in injury.
Normal flexion and extension of spine.
Flexion is bending forward, and extension is returning to straight or neutral position.
Acute flexion of the wrist
Pulling the Palmer side of the hand towards the inside of the elbow.
Hyperextension of the wrist
When wrist is extended beyond the neutral position.
Turn or bend the hand and wrist from the natural position toward the ulnar side.
To turn or bend the hand and wrist from the natural position to the radial side.
To decrease the angle between the dorsum and the lower leg, moving foot and toes upward.
Extending the ankle joint, moving foot and toes downward from the normal position.
Outward stress movement of the foot at the ankle joint.
Inward stress movement of the foot as applied to the foot without rotation of the leg.
Describes the bending of a part inward or toward the midline of the body. Sometimes used to describe inversion stress applied at the ankle joint.
Describes the bending of the part outward or away from the midline of the body. Sometimes used to describe eversion stress of the ankle joint.
Lateral (external) rotation
Rotation of an anterior body part toward the outside, or away from the median plane.
Medial (internal) rotation
Rotation or turning of a body part with movement of the anterior aspect toward the inside, or median, plane.
The lateral movement of the arm or leg away from the body.
The movement of an arm or leg toward the body, to draw toward the center or medial line.
Is a rotational movement of the hand into the anatomic position
Is a rotation of the hand into the opposite of the anatomic position (Palm down or back).
A movement forward from a normal position.
A movement backward or the condition of being drawn back.
A lifting, raising, or moving of a body part superiorly.
A letting down, lowering, or moving of a part inferiorly.
To turn a body part on its axis.
Circular movement of a limb.
A slanting movement with respect to the long axis.
Internal, inside. (Prefix *intra-* means within or inside - as in Intravenous)
External, outer. (Prefix *exo-* means outside or outward - as in exocardial.)
refers to parts near the skin or surface.
Refers to parts far from the surface.
Hyperextension of the spine
Backward bending beyond the neutral position. *In practice, the terms *flexion* and *extension* are used instead of *flexion* and *hyperextension.*