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Flashcards in Terms related to movements Deck (34):
1

Flexion

The act of bendind a joint. Decreases the angle of the joint

1

Hyperextension

Extending a joint beyond the straight or neutral position.

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Extension

The act of straightening a joint. Increases the angle of a joint

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Abnormal hyperextension

A hyperextension that results in injury.

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Normal flexion and extension of spine.

Flexion is bending forward, and extension is returning to straight or neutral position.

5

Acute flexion of the wrist

Pulling the Palmer side of the hand towards the inside of the elbow.

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Hyperextension of the wrist

When wrist is extended beyond the neutral position.

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Ulnar deviation

Turn or bend the hand and wrist from the natural position toward the ulnar side.

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Radial deviation

To turn or bend the hand and wrist from the natural position to the radial side.

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Dorsiflexion

To decrease the angle between the dorsum and the lower leg, moving foot and toes upward.

10

Plantar flexion

Extending the ankle joint, moving foot and toes downward from the normal position.

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Eversion

Outward stress movement of the foot at the ankle joint.

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Inversion

Inward stress movement of the foot as applied to the foot without rotation of the leg.

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Varus

Describes the bending of a part inward or toward the midline of the body. Sometimes used to describe inversion stress applied at the ankle joint.

14

Valgus

Describes the bending of the part outward or away from the midline of the body. Sometimes used to describe eversion stress of the ankle joint.

15

Lateral (external) rotation

Rotation of an anterior body part toward the outside, or away from the median plane.

16

Medial (internal) rotation

Rotation or turning of a body part with movement of the anterior aspect toward the inside, or median, plane.

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Abduction

The lateral movement of the arm or leg away from the body.

18

Adduction

The movement of an arm or leg toward the body, to draw toward the center or medial line.

19

Supination

Is a rotational movement of the hand into the anatomic position

20

Pronation

Is a rotation of the hand into the opposite of the anatomic position (Palm down or back).

21

Protraction

A movement forward from a normal position.

22

Retraction

A movement backward or the condition of being drawn back.

23

Elevation

A lifting, raising, or moving of a body part superiorly.

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Depression

A letting down, lowering, or moving of a part inferiorly.

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Rotation

To turn a body part on its axis.

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Circumduction

Circular movement of a limb.

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Tilt

A slanting movement with respect to the long axis.

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Interior

Internal, inside. (Prefix *intra-* means within or inside - as in Intravenous)

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Exterior

External, outer. (Prefix *exo-* means outside or outward - as in exocardial.)

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Superficial

refers to parts near the skin or surface.

31

Deep

Refers to parts far from the surface.

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Hyperextension of the spine

Backward bending beyond the neutral position. *In practice, the terms *flexion* and *extension* are used instead of *flexion* and *hyperextension.*

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Deviation

A turning away from the regular standard or course.