*The Challenge of Resource Management - Introduction (Paper 2) Flashcards Preview

SHHS - AQA GCSE Geography > *The Challenge of Resource Management - Introduction (Paper 2) > Flashcards

Flashcards in *The Challenge of Resource Management - Introduction (Paper 2) Deck (52)
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1

What is a resource?

A stock or a supply of something that has a value or purpose e.g. food, energy, water.

2

Name 3 resources people need?

  1. Food
  2. Energy
  3. Water

3

What is undernutrition?

A poorly balance diet lacking in vitamins and minerals

4

How does a lack of food affect wellbeing?

  • Lead to illness
  • Illness leads to inability to work

5

In which continent are most undernourished people concentrated?

Africa

6

Why is water such an important resource?  

  • Drinking (domestic)
  • Irrigating crops (agriculture)
  • Industry

7

How does water affect wellbeing?

  • Important for crop/food production 
  • Water for drinking/bathing
  • Source of power

8

Why is there likely to be a water imbalance in the future

Variations in climate and rainfall

9

What is 'water scarcity'?

A lack of a clean supply of water to meet demand

10

In HICs which sector uses the greatest proportion of water?

Industry

11

In LICs which sector uses the greatest proportioin of water?

Agriculture

12

Name a region with little or no water scarcity

North America

Europe

13

Name a region with physical water scarcity?

Middle East

 

14

Why is world energy consumption increasing?

Countries are developing leading to increased demand in industry, homes etc.

15

Which group of countries are seeing the fastest increase in the demand for energy?

Newly Emerging Economies (NEEs)

16

Why does the UK import so much food?

  • Cheap from abroad
  • UK produced food can be expensive
  • UK climate unsuitable for some food types eg bananas
  • Demand for seasonal produce all year
  • Demand for more choice

17

What are food miles?

The distance travelled by food imported into the UK

18

What is a carbon footprint?

The measure of carbon dioxide produced by certain activities

19

How does food generate a carbon footprint?

  • Producing, processing and packaging food releases CO2
  • Food needs transporting which releases emissions

20

How is the UK tackling it's dependency on imported food and increasing air miles?

  • Moving towards more agribusiness
  • Producing more organic food
  • Encouraging people to buy locally

21

What is food security?

 

Securing a reliable food supply by reducing dependence on imported food and growing more food in the UK

22

What is agribusiness?

A farming methods that involves large scale, intensive farming, including production of fertilizers, farming methods are managed by one big firm.  The aim is to produce as much as possible.

23

What are the charactreristics of agribusinesses?

  • High levels of investment
  • Modern technology used
  • Chemical fertilisers used
  • Intensive production

24

What is organic produce?

Food grown without the use of chemicals (fertilizers and pesticides)

25

Lynford House Farm is an agribusiness in East Anglia.

What are its main features?

  • Flat, intensively farmed land
  • Makes use of the climate so grows wheat and potatoes
  • Chemical pesticides and fertilisers used
  • High number of machines 
  • Low staff numbers 
  • Has built a 54 million litre reservoir to store water

26

Riverford Organic Farm in Devon delivers boxes of vegetables to customers.

What are the advantages of schemes like this?

  • Reduce food miles
  • Support local economy i.e. farmers
  • Provide jobs for local people
  • Strong link between producer and consumer

27

Why will demand for water in the UK continue to increase?

  • Increasing population
  • More houses being built
  • More water intensive appliances eg washing machines

28

What is meant by a 'water surplus'?

Where the supply of water exceeds demand

29

What is meant by a 'water deficit'?

Where the demand for water exceeds supply

30

Where in the UK is there a water surplus?

The north and west