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Flashcards in The Sick Term Infant Deck (19)
1

Which sites are usually infected in the neonate

blood
CNS- meningitis
Resp- pneumonia
GU- UTI
Skin
Bone
Necrotising Enterocolitis

2

Which bacteria affect neonates

Group B strep
E.coli
Listeria
Staph aureus
Staph epidermidis

3

What viral infections can neonated have

cytomegalovirus
parvovirus
herpes virus
enterovirus
tosoplasma
HIV
syphilis

4

What is hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy

Birth/pregnancy related multi organ damage due to tissue hypoxia

5

What occurs at birth with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy and what are the sequeli

poor apgar scores - requiring active resuscitation at birth
Neurdevelopmental sequel- variable prognosis

6

What pregnancy/birth related resp problems may occur in the neonate

transcient tachypnoea of the newborn
pneumothorax

7

what can cause pneumothorax in a neonate

spontaneous
due to active resucitation

8

what is transcient tachypmeoa of the newborn

a period of elevated resp rate shortly after birth
usually resolve in 24-48 hours
treatment is supportive with oxygen and sometimes antibiotics

9

what heart problems can be pregnancy or birth related in the newborn

hydrops faetalis (heart failure - rhesus disease, chromosomal
persistant pulmonary hypertension of the newborn
congenital heart disease

10

name some congenital heart diseases

tetralogy of fallot
transposition of the great arteries
coartication of the aorta
TAPVD
hypoplastic heart

11

give some congenital respiratory disease

trachea-oesophageal fistula
diaphragmatic hernia

12

what is microcephaly

when the head is small compared to the body

13

what things make up the apgar score

heart rate 2
resp effort 2
tone 2
colour 2
response 2
total - out of 10

14

what is the normal resp rate of a newborn

40-60/min

15

what is the normal heart rate

120-140 bpm

16

what should the Sa02 be

95 percent

17

What is caused by parvovirus

Erythema infectiosum 'slapped cheek' syndrome

18

What is potter's syndrome

A condition where there is an abnormal appearance of the newborn caused by oligohydramniosis in utero.
The syndrome typically refers to a fetus which bilateral renal atresia however there can be many causes for potters syndrome or 'sequence' such as PCOS or obstruction.

19

what is myotonic dystrophy

A slow progession, autosomal dominant inherited condition characterized by wasting of the muscles (muscular dystrophy), cataracts, heart conduction defects, endocrine changes, and myotonia