TOEFL - Set 6 Flashcards Preview

TOEFL Vocabulary > TOEFL - Set 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in TOEFL - Set 6 Deck (300):
1

discontent

n. 不满

2

discount

n. 折扣 (deduction/reduction)
vt. 不全信/对…持怀疑态度 (disregard/doubt)

3

discourage

v. 使气馁;阻碍 (depress)

4

discouraging

adj. 令人气馁的

5

discourse

n. 讲道/演讲 (speech/lecture)

6

discrete

adj. 独立的;不连续的/离散的 (separate/individual)

7

discreet

adj. 小心的/谨慎的

8

disgust

n. 厌恶/嫌恶 (repulsion/loathing)

9

disgusted

adj. 厌烦的;厌恶的 (fed up/repulsed)

10

disillusion

v. 使醒悟 (disenchant/disenthrall)

11

disintegrate

v. (使)瓦解/(使)碎裂 (fall apart)

12

disinterested

adj. 客观的;无私的/公正的 (not involved;impartial/unbiased)

13

dismal

adj. 暗的/凄凉的;忧郁的/沮丧的 (gloomy/somber/melancholy)

14

dismay

vt. 使惊慌;使沮丧
n. 沮丧/惊慌 (consternation/fear)

15

dismember

vt. 肢解/分割 (dissect/split up/divide)

16

dismembered

adj. 肢解的

17

dismiss

vt. 解散;摒除(思想/感情等) (send away;eliminate)

18

disorganize

vt. 扰乱/使混乱 (disarrange/disorder)

19

dispatch

vt. (紧急)派遣;分配 (send off)
n. 派遣;急件/重要消息 (expedition/sending off)

20

dispense

vt. 分配/分发 (distribute/give out)

21

dispense with

免除/省却 (omit/get rid of)

22

disperse

vt. 分散/散开 (scatter)

23

dispersal

n. 疏散/散开

24

displace

vt. 移置/转移;取代/替代 (move;replace/substitute)

25

displacement

n. 移置/转移

26

display

vt. 陈列;显示 (exhibit/present/show)
n. 陈列/展览;显示 (demonstration)

27

disposal

n. 垃圾倾倒;处置 (getting rid of)

28

dispose of

除去/扔掉;解决/处理 (get rid of;deal with)

29

disposed

adj. 有…倾向的 (prone/inclined)

30

disposition

n. 性情;倾向 (temperament/nature;tendency)

31

disproportionate

adj. 不成比例的 (unequal/unbalanced)

32

dispute

n. 争论/纠纷 (disagreement/argument)
v. 争论/争执 (argue/debate)

33

disregard

n./v. 不理会;漠视 (ignore/discount;take no notice of)

34

disrepute

n. 坏名声/不光彩 (discredit/dishonor)

35

disrupt

vt. 使混乱/使中断 (upset;interrupt)

36

disseminate

vt. 传播/宣传 (distribute/spread)

37

dissenter

n. 不同意者/反对者 (objector)

38

dissenting

adj. 不同意的 (opposite/contrary)

39

dissertation

n. 论文 (thesis/discourse)

40

dissimilar

adj. 不同的/相异的 (different/unlike)

41

dissipate

vi. 消失;消散 (disappear;scatter/disperse)

42

dissipated

adj. 沉迷于酒色的/浪荡的

43

dissolve

vt. 使溶解 (melt/liquefy)

44

distant

adj. 远离的/遥远的 (faraway/remote)

45

distance

n. 距离;远处 (length/space)

46

distend

vt./vi. (使)扩大/(使)扩张

47

distent

adj. 膨胀的/扩张的

48

distasteful

adj. (令人)不愉快的/讨厌的 (abhorrent/displeasing/disagreeable)

49

distill

vt. 蒸馏/提取 (extract)

50

distinction

n. 差别/特性 (difference/uniqueness/peculiarity)
n. 显赫/声望 (luster/honor)

51

distinct

adj. 明确的/确实的;不同的 (definite/separate/different)

52

distinctly

adv. 清楚地/显然

53

distinctive

adj. 有特色的/出众的 (special/unique)

54

distinctively

adv. 特殊地/区别地

55

distinguish

vt. 区别/辨认 (characterize/differentiate/recognize)

56

distinguished

adj. 卓著的 (prominent/celebrated/eminent)

57

distort

vt. 弄歪(形状等);歪曲 (deform/twist)

58

undistorted

adj. 未失真的

59

distortion

n. 扭曲;歪曲

60

distract

vt. 使…分心/分散注意力 (disturb/divert)

61

distress

n. 悲痛/不幸/穷困 (discomfort/affliction)

62

distribute

vt. 分配;分发/散布 (hand out/disseminate/allocate)

63

distribution

n. 分发/分配

64

district

n. 区域/地区 (section/area/region)

65

disturb

vt. 打扰/扰乱 (upset/bother)

66

undisturbed

adj. 没受干扰的/安静的

67

disturbance

n. 骚动/动乱 (disorder/turmoil)

68

dive

vi. 潜水;跳水 (plunge/plummet)

69

diver

n. 潜水者/跳水运动员

70

divergent

adj. 有分歧的/有差异的 (different/conflicting)

71

divergence

n. 分歧/岔开 (difference/deviation/separation)

72

diverse

adj. 不同的;变化多的 (various/distinct)

73

diversity

n. 差异/多样 (variety/difference)

74

diversify

vt. 使多样化

75

diversified

adj. 多样化的 (varied)

76

diversification

n. 多样化 (variation/variety)

77

diversion

n. 消遣/娱乐 (recreation/entertainment)
n. 转移/转换 (a turning aside)

78

divert

vt. 转移/(使)转向 (distract)

79

divide

vt. 划分/分开;分裂 (separate/part)

80

dividing line

分界线 (boundary)

81

divorce

vt. 离婚
vt. 使分离/使脱离 (separate)

82

dizzy

adj. 眩晕的 (light-headed)

83

dizzying

adj. 令人昏乱的;灿烂的

84

dizziness

n. 头昏眼花/眩晕 (vertigo)

85

doctrine

n. 教义/教旨 (principle/dogma)

86

documentation

n. 文件

87

document

vt. 证明;文件记录 (record)

88

documentary

adj. 文件的
n. 纪录片

89

dogged

adj. 顽强的/顽固的 (determined/persevering)

90

dogma

n. 教条/教义 (belief/doctrine/creed)

91

doll

n. 洋娃娃/玩偶

92

dolphin

n. 海豚

93

domain

n. 领域/范围 (field)

94

domestic

adj. 家里的;家养的 (house-hold/tame)
adj. 本国的/国内的

95

domesticate

vt. 驯养/驯化 (cultivate)

96

domesticated

adj. 驯养的/家养的 (tame)

97

dominant

adj. 支配的/占优势的 (major/important/outweighing)

98

predominantly

adv. 占主导地位地

99

dominate

vt. 统治/支配/控制 (over/monopolize/command/rule)
vi. 盛行 (prevail/be prevalent in)

100

donate

vt. 捐赠 (grant/contribute)

101

donation

n. 捐赠/捐款 (grant)

102

donor

n. 捐助者 (giver/contributor)

103

dormant

adj. 静止的/休眠的 (hibernated/lethargic)

104

dormitory

n. 宿舍

105

dorsal

adj. 背部的/背脊的 (back)

106

dot

vt. 星罗棋布于 (scatter across)
n. 点/圆点

107

endotherm

n. 温血动物/恒温动物

108

doubt

n./vt. 怀疑 (skepticism/wonder/question)

109

doubtful

adj. 可疑的;疑心的 (distrustful/skeptical)

110

downtown

adv./adj. 在市区(的)/往市区(的)

111

draft

n. 草图/草稿 (rough outline)
vt. 起草 (draw up/sketch)

112

draft animal

役用动物

113

drag

vt. 拖动 (pull/move/haul)

114

dragonfly

n. 蜻蜓

115

drain

v. (使)流走/(使)排光 (draw out/flow out)
n.排水;消耗 (waste)

116

down the drain

浪费;无结果 (waste or having no result)

117

drainage

n. 排水/排出物

118

drama

n. 戏剧 (play)

119

dramatically

adv. 戏剧性地;引人注目地

120

dramatic

adj. 戏剧性的;引人注目的 (striking)

121

drastic

adj. 猛烈的 (radical/severe)

122

draw

vt. 吸引 (attract/entice)

123

drawing

n. 图画/制图

124

draw up

起草 (draft)

125

draw out

拔出;引起 (elicit)

126

draw from

源于… (take from/root from)

127

drawback

n. 弊端/缺点 (disadvantage/shortcoming)

128

drawer

n. 抽屉

129

dread

n. 畏惧/恐怖 (fear/terror/horror)

130

dreadful

adj. 可怕的 (dire)

131

dreadfully

adv. 可怕地 (terribly)

132

dreary

adj. 沉闷的/阴郁的 (gloomy/dismal)

133

drift

vi. 漂流;漂泊 (float/moving aimlessly/wander)

134

driftwood

n. 浮木

135

snowdrift

n. 雪堆

136

drill

vt. 钻孔/打眼 (bore/pierce)
n./vi.训练/操练;反复练习 (practice/train)

137

drop in/by

顺便拜访

138

drought

n. 干旱 (dry period/aridity)

139

drowsy

adj. 昏昏欲睡的 (sleepy/soporific)

140

drudgery

n. 苦工/苦差事 (tedium/toil/moil)

141

ductile

adj. 易延展的;柔软的 (flexible/pliant)

142

due

adj. 预定的;到期的 (payable)

143

due to

因为/由于 (owing to)

144

overdue

adj. 迟到的;逾期的 (late/delayed)

145

dues

n. 应付款

146

subdue

vt. 征服

147

residue

n. 残滓/剩余

148

dull

adj. 钝的;感觉或理解迟钝的 (blunt/unsharpened;stupid/obtuse)

149

dumb

adj. 哑的 (mute)

150

dump

vt. 倾泻/倾倒

151

duplicate

vt. 复写/复制 (reproduce/copy)
adj. 两重的/两倍的;完全相同的 (double;identical)

152

durable

adj. 持久的;耐用的 (lasting/long-lasting/enduring)

153

duration

n. 持续时间 (length/period)

154

dwarf

n. 侏儒
vt. 把…显得矮小

155

dwell

vi. 居住/生活于 (reside/inhabit)

156

dweller

n. 居住者/居民

157

dwelling

n. 住处/寓所 (residence/house)

158

dye

n. 颜料/燃料 (pigment)
vt. 染色 (color/tint)

159

dynamic

adj. 动力的;动态的 (vigorous/animate)

160

dynamics

n. 动力学

161

aerodynamics

n. 空气动力学

162

thermodynamics

n. 热力学

163

eager

adj. 渴望的;热心的 (avid/enthusiastic)

164

earthquake

n. 地震 (quake/seism/temblor)

165

eccentric

adj./n. 古怪的(人)/异常的(人) (strange/odd/erratic)

166

eccentricity

n. 反常/怪癖 (peculiarity)

167

eclecticism

n. 折衷主义

168

eclipse

n. 日蚀/月蚀 (solar eclipse日蚀/lunar eclipse月蚀)
vt. 盖过/使失色;遮蔽 (outshine;overshadow)

169

ecological

adj. 生态的;生态学的

170

ecologist

n. 生态学者

171

economical

adj. 经济的/节俭的 (thrifty/saving)

172

economics

n. 经济学

173

economize

vi. 节约/节省 (save/cut back/be thrifty) [economize on]

174

ecosystem

n. 生态系统

175

edge

n. 边缘 (brink/perimeter/margin)

176

edible

adj. 可食用的 (eatable)

177

edifice

n. 宏伟的建筑物 (skyscraper)

178

educable

adj. 可教育的/可培养的

179

educated

adj. 受过教育的/有教养的 (informed/learned)

180

education

n. 教育/培养 (upbringing/instruction)

181

effective

adj. 有效的;生效的 (efficient/productive)

182

effectiveness

n. 效力 (efficiency)

183

efficient

adj. 生效的;能干的/有效率的 (effective)

184

efficiency

n. 效率/功效 (effectiveness)

185

effluent

n. 流出物 (flowing out)

186

eject

vt. 喷出/喷射 (emit/discharge)
vt. 逐出/驱逐 (expel)

187

elaborate

adj. 精细的/精心的;详尽的 (detailed/complicated)
v. 详细阐述 (detail/expound)

188

elaborately

adv. 精细地/详尽地

189

elasticity

n. 弹力/弹性

190

inelastic

adj. 无弹性的

191

election

n. 选举;当选 (voting/balloting)

192

electron

n. 电子

193

elegant

adj. 雅致的 (refined/exquisite)

194

elegance

n. 高雅/典雅/优雅/雅致

195

element

n. 成分;要素 (component)

196

elementary

adj. 基本的/初级的 (basic/fundamental)

197

elevate

vt. 举起;抬高;使上升 (raise/heave)

198

elevation

n. 高度/海拔 (altitude/height)

199

elevator

n. 电梯/起重机;活动谷仓

200

elicit

vt. 得出;引出 (provoke/draw out)

201

eligible

adj. 合格的/有资格的 (entitled/qualified/suitable)

202

eliminate

vt. 排除/剔除 (eradicate/abolish/rule out)

203

elimination

n. 排除/除去

204

elite

n. 精英

205

elixir

n. 长生不老药/万能药 (cure-all)

206

elliptical

adj. 椭圆的 (egg-shaped)
adj. 省略的

207

elongate

vt. 延长/伸长 (lengthen/extend)

208

eloquent

adj. 善于表达的/有口才的;雄辩的 (expressive;persuasive)

209

elusive

adj. 难懂的/难对付的 (baffling)

210

emancipate

vt. 解放/释放 (liberate/free/release)

211

emancipation

n. 释放/解放

212

embarrass

vt. 使尴尬/使困窘 (humiliate/shame)

213

embed

vt. 插入;镶嵌 (bury/encase)

214

embellish

vt. 装饰/修饰 (adorn/beautify/ornament)

215

embellishment

n. 装饰/修饰

216

emblem

n. 象征/标志;徽章 (symbol/sign)

217

embody

vt. 使具体化;包含/收录 (express;include/incorporate)

218

emboss

v. 加浮雕花纹于/使凸出

219

embrace

vt. 包含 (include/take up)
vt. 拥抱;欣然接受 (welcome)

220

embroider

vt. 刺绣/镶边;装饰 (decorate/adorn/embellish)

221

embroidery

n. 刺绣

222

embryo

n. 胚胎;事物的萌芽期 (completely undeveloped form)

223

embryological

adj. 胚胎学的

224

embryonic

adj. 胚胎的/萌芽期的 (undeveloped/elementary)

225

emerge

vi. 出现/浮现 (come into prominence/spring up/appear)

226

emergine

adj. 正在不断出现的

227

emergence

n. 出现/形成 (appearance/rise)

228

emigrant

n. 移民(出国)

229

eminent

adj. 著名的/显著的 (distinguished/notable/prominent)

230

eminence

n. 显赫的声望 (fame)

231

preeminent

adj. 卓越的/出类拔萃的 (distinguished/notable/renowned)

232

emission

n. 散发;发射 (radiation/emanation/discharge)

233

emit

vt. 发出/发射 (give off/send out)

234

emotional

adj. 情绪的/情感的 (sentimental/passionate)

235

emotion

n. 情绪/强烈的情感 (feeling/mood)

236

emphasize

vt. 强调/着重 (stress/underscore/highlight)

237

emphasis

n. 强调/重点

238

employ

vt. 用/使用 (use/apply)
vt. 雇用 (hire)

239

employee

n. 雇员 (worker)

240

employer

n. 雇主/老板

241

empty

adj. 空的;空洞的/空虚的 (vacant)
vt. 使成为空/倒空 (clean out)

242

enactment

n. 设定/制定 (passing/performance)

243

encase

vt. 装入/包住/围 (embed/enclose)

244

enclose

vt. 装入/放入封套;围绕 (include;surround)

245

enclosure

n. 围绕;围墙

246

encompass

vt. 包括/包含 (include;embrace)
vt. 环绕/围住 (surround/circle)

247

encounter

vt. 遭遇/遇到 (face/confront/meet)

248

encourage

vt. 鼓励/支持 (activate/stimulate)

249

encoroach

vi. 侵占/蚕食 (intrude/invade/infringe)

250

encyclopedia

n. 百科全书

251

endanger

vt. 危及;危害 (threaten/jeopardize)

252

endangered

adj. 有灭绝危险的/将要绝种的

253

endeavor

vi. 尝试/努力 (seek/try/attempt)
n. 努力/尽力 (effort)

254

endless

adj. 无止境的 (everlasting/eternal)

255

endlessly

adv. 不断地/无穷尽地 (indefinitely/ceaselessly/incessantly)

256

endow

vt. 捐赠 (grant/award)
vt. 赠予

257

endowment

n. 天赋;捐款 (gift/donation)

258

endure

vt. 承受/忍受 (tolerate)
vt. 耐久 (last)

259

enduring

adj. 持久的/不朽的 (abiding/lasting)

260

endurance

n. 忍耐(力)/持久(力) (perseverance/stamina)

261

energetic

adj. 精力充沛的;积极的 (active/brisk/vigorous)

262

engaging

adj. 动人的/迷人的 (pleasing/attractive)

263

engage in

从事于/参加 (carry on)

264

engrave

vt. 雕刻/铭刻 (enchase/carve)

265

engraving

n. 雕刻术/雕版/雕版图

266

enhance

vt. 提高/增加 (improve/heighten/raise)

267

enlightenment

n. 启迪/教化

268

enormous

adj. 极大的/庞大的 (tremendous/huge/massive)

269

enrage

vt. 激怒 (infuriate/anger)

270

enrich

vt. 加料于(食物);使富足/使肥沃 (make rich/richen/improve)

271

ensemble

n. 全体/整体 (aggregate)
n. 合唱曲;剧团或文工团 (troupe/choir)

272

entanglement

n. 纠缠/缠绕物 (snare)
n. 累赘;牵连 (complication)

273

enterprise

n. 事业/企业 (company/firm/business)

274

enterprising

adj. 有进取心的/有事业心的/有魄力的 (venturesome/ambitious/industrious)

275

entertain

vt. 娱乐;款待 (amuse;host)

276

entertainment

n. 娱乐;款待 (amusement/fun)

277

entertainer

n. 演艺人员 (performer)

278

enthusiasm

n. 热心/热情 (intense interest/gusto)

279

enthusiastically

adv. 热心地;满腔热情地 (eagerly/wholeheartedly)

280

entitle

v. 取名叫/叫做 (name/designate)
v. 赋予权利 (authorize/empower)

281

entitled

adj. 有资格的 (eligible/qualified)

282

entity

n. 存在物/实体

283

entrenched

adj. 确立的/不容易改的(风俗习惯) (established/rooted)

284

entrepreneur

n. 企业家/创业人 (businessperson)

285

entry

n. 进口;入口 (admission/entrance)
n. 条目 (item)

286

envelop

v. 把…包住/裹住 (enclose/encase)

287

envious

adj. 嫉妒的

288

envision

vt. 想象/预想 (picture/visualize)

289

enzyme

n. 酶

290

ephemeral

adj. 短暂的/转瞬即逝的 (short-lived/transitory)

291

epic

n. 史诗/叙事诗

292

epidemic

n. 传染病/流行病 (plague)

293

epidermis

n. 表皮 (cuticle)

294

episode

n. 一段情节;(音乐)插曲

295

epoch

n. 新纪元/时代 (period of time/era)

296

equal

adj. 相等的/同样的 (same/identical)
vt. 等于/比得上

297

equality

n. 同等/平等 (parity)

298

equilibrium

n. 平衡/均衡 (balance)

299

equipment

n. 设备 (apparatus)

300

equitable

adj. 公平的/公正的 (just/fair)