TOEFL - Set 9 Flashcards Preview

TOEFL Vocabulary > TOEFL - Set 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in TOEFL - Set 9 Deck (300):
1

hunger

n. 饥饿

2

hurl

vt. 用力投掷 (throw/cast/toss)

3

hurricane

n. 飓风/暴风雨 (storm)

4

husk

n. (果类或谷物)外壳;皮 (shell/outer covering)
vt. 剥…的壳;削皮 (remove the husk from)

5

hustle

n. 挤/推/拥挤喧嚷 (bustle)

6

hydrogen

n. 氢

7

hygiene

n. 卫生 (cleanliness/sanitation)

8

hypersensitive

adj. 高灵敏度的;感觉过敏的

9

hypothesis

n. 假设/假说 (assumption/theory)

10

hypothesize

vt. 假设/假定 (speculate/suppose)

11

iceberg

n. 冰山

12

ice sheet

冰层

13

ice cream cone

冰淇淋蛋卷

14

icicle

n. 冰柱/冰垂

15

icon

n. 圣像/偶像 (idol/image)
n. 图标 (symbol)

16

iconographic

adj. 图解的

17

identical

adj. 同一的;完全相同的 (duplicate/alike)

18

identify

vt. 识别/认出;鉴定 (detect/spot/find out/discover)

19

identification

n. 辨认;鉴定

20

identifiable

adj. 可辨认的 (traceable)

21

identity

n. 身份 (individuality/character)

22

ideology

n. 意识形态 (beliefs/ideas/philosophy)

23

ideological

adj. 意识形态的

24

idiom

n. 方言/土语;习惯用语 (lingo)

25

idiomatic

adj. 惯用的/通顺的

26

idyllic

adj. 田园诗的 (pastoral/rural)

27

ignite

v. 点燃/使燃着 (catch fire/burn/light)

28

ignorant

adj. 无知的;不了解的 (unlearned/uneducated;unaware)

29

ignorance

n. 无知/不了解

30

ignore

vt. 忽视;不顾/不理会 (disregard/overlook/neglect)

31

illegible

adj. 难以辨认的/(字迹)模糊的 (unreadable/unclear)

32

illiterate

adj. 文盲的;缺乏教育的 (uncultured/uneducated)

33

illuminate

v. 照明/照亮 (light up/brighten)
v. 说明/阐明 (clarify/explain/illustrate)

34

illumination

n. 照明;启发

35

illusion

n. 幻觉;错觉 (misconception)

36

illusive

adj. 迷惑人的;错觉的 (deceptive/misleading)

37

illustrate

vt. (用图或例子)说明/阐明 (represent/demonstrate/depict)

38

illustration

n. 例证;插图 (picture/drawing)

39

image

n. 图像/肖像;形象 (picture/figure)

40

imaginative

adj. 富于想象力的

41

imaginary

adj. 想象中的/虚构的 (unreal/fanciful/visionary)

42

imagery

n. (艺术/文学)肖像/形象;形象化的比喻 (image/figurative writing)

43

imbibe

v. 吸;吸收 (drink;absorb/take in)

44

imitate

vt. 仿效/模仿 (mimic/emulate/copy)

45

imitation

n. 模仿;仿制品 (fake/emulation)

46

immediate

adj. 立即的;(在时空上/关系上)最接近的;目前的 (prompt/instantaneous/close)

47

immediately

adv. 立即/马上 (right/directly)

48

immense

adj. 巨大的;无边的 (enormous/colossal/boundless)

49

immigrant

n. (自外国移入)移民 (alien/non-native)

50

immigration

n. 外来的移民/移居入境

51

immobile

adj. 固定的/不动的 (stationary/fixed)

52

immune

adj. (对…)免疫的/不受影响的 (exempt/resistant)

53

immune system

免疫系统

54

immunity

n. 免疫/免疫性 (protection/exemption/freedom)

55

impact

n. 影响 (influence/effect)
n. 撞击/冲击

56

impair

vt. 损害/使弱 (hurt/damage)

57

impart

vt. 传授;传递/传达 (deliver/convey/transmit)

58

impartial

adj. 公正的/无偏见的 (unbiased/fair)

59

impede

vt. 妨碍/阻碍 (hinder/interrupt/hamper)

60

impediment

n. 妨碍/阻碍(物) (hindrance/obstacle/block)

61

impending

adj. 即将发生的/逼近的 (approaching/imminent)

62

imperative

adj. 必要的;强制的 (necessary/essential)
n. 命令;需要/必要的事

63

impermeable

adj. 不可渗透的;不透水的 (impervious/impenetrable)

64

impersonal

adj. 不受个人感情支配的/客观的/无私的 (detached/disinterested/objective)

65

impersonate

vt. 模仿/扮演 (mimic/imitate)

66

impersonation

n. 模仿/扮演

67

impetus

n. 推动力;激励物 (driving force;incentive)

68

implement

n. 工具/器具 (tool/instrument)
vt. 实行/实施 (execute/carry out/perform)

69

implication

n. 暗示/意义 (significance/meaning/hint)
n. 牵连 (involvement)

70

imply

vt. 暗示/意味 (suggest/hint)

71

import

vt./n. (贸易)进口

72

impose

vt. 把…强加于;施加影响 (demand/force/inflict)

73

imposing

adj. 使人难忘的/壮丽的 (impressive/grand)

74

impressive

adj. 给人深刻印象的;威严的 (imposing/grand)

75

imprint

n. 印痕/痕迹;深刻的印象 (trace;impression)
vt. 压印/牢记 (impress/stamp)

76

imprisonment

n. 监禁 (confinement/incarceration)

77

improbable

adj. 不可能的 (unlikely/impossible)

78

impulse

n. 冲动;刺激/驱使 (force/urge)

79

in conjunction with

结合 (concomitant with)

80

in accord with

与…一致

81

in common

共有/有共同之处

82

in scale

相称/成比例

83

in terms of

根据;就…而论

84

inaccessible

adj. 难达到的/不可及的;不能得到的 (unreachable;not available/unattainable)

85

inactivate

vt. 使…不活跃

86

inanimate

adj. 无生命的 (lifeless)

87

inappropriate

adj. 不适当的/不相称的 (unsuitable/improper)

88

inaugurate

v. 创新/开辟 (begin/initiate)
v. 使就职 (install/set up)

89

incapacitate

vt. 使失去能力;使不胜任 (disable/disqualify)

90

incense

n. 熏香;焚香的烟
vt. 激怒 (anger/enrage)

91

incentive

n. 动机 (motivation/motive)

92

incessant

adj. 不停的/连续的 (unending/constant/unceasing)

93

incident

n. 事件 (occurrence/event/happening)

94

incidentally

adv. 附带地/偶然地 (by chance/accidentally)

95

incidence

n. 发生/出现;发生频率 (occurrence)

96

incisive

adj. 深刻的/尖锐的 (sharp/penetrating)

97

incise

vt. 切割 (cut/carve)

98

inclination

n. 嗜好/倾向 (preference/tendency)

99

inclined

adj. 倾向…的
adj. 倾斜的/有坡度的 (sloping/slanted)

100

inclusive

adj. 包含的/包括的 (comprehensive/being included)

101

incomprehensible

adj. 不能理解的/费解的 (unintelligible/inapprehensible)

102

incongruity

n. 不一致/不和谐 (incompatibility/disharmony)

103

incongruous

adj. 不协调的/不一致的 (incompatible/discordant)

104

incorporate

vt. 合并/并入;包含 (merge/unite;contain)

105

incorporation

n. 结合/合并 (unification/alliance)

106

incredible

adj. 难以置信的/惊人的 (unbelievable/fabulous)

107

incredulity

n. 怀疑/不相信 (disbelief)

108

incur

vt. 招致/引起 (cause/arouse)

109

indefinite

adj. 模糊的;不明确的 (unclear/vague;uncertain)

110

indefinitely

adv. 不确定地;无穷尽地 (endlessly/incessantly)

111

indented

adj. 锯齿状的/高低不平的

112

indicate

vt. 指示/指出;象征/表明 (show/reflect/evidence;imply/suggest)

113

indicative

adj. 指示的/预示的 (suggestive/expressive)

114

indifferent

adj. 不感兴趣的/漠不关心的 (apathetic/unconcerned)

115

indifference

n. 冷漠/不关心 (apathy/unconcern/distinterest)

116

indiscriminately

adv. 随意地;不加区别地 (unnoticingly/randomly)

117

indiscrimination

n. 歧视 (unfair treatment)

118

indispensable

adj. 不可缺少的/必需的 (essential/requisite)

119

individualism

n. 个人主义

120

induce

vt. 诱使/促使;导致 (bring about/cause)

121

inducible

adj. 可诱导的

122

industrial

adj. 工业的

123

industrialization

n. 工业化

124

industrialized

vt. 工业化的

125

industrious

adj. 勤勉的 (assiduous/diligent/sedulous)

126

ineligible

adj. 无资格的;不适当的 (unsuitable/incompetent)

127

inert

adj. 惰性的;不活泼的 (inactive)

128

inevitably

adv. 不可避免地/必然地 (unavoidably/inescapably)

129

inextricably

adv. 无法摆脱地 (inevitably)

130

infection

n. 传染(病)

131

infectious

adj. 传染性的/易传染的 (contagious/contaminating)

132

inferior

adj. (等级/社会地位/质量等)差的;(较)低的 (poor;lower)

133

inferiority

n. 自卑感

134

infest

vt. 骚扰/大批滋生 (overrun/swarm)

135

infiltrate

vt. 使透过/渗透 (spread to/permeate/penetrate)

136

inflate

vt. 使膨胀/使充气 (expand/fill with air or gas)

137

inflation

n. 通货膨胀

138

inflexible

adj. 坚定的 (rigid/stiff/stubborn)

139

inflict

vt. 造成;(使)遭受(痛苦/损伤等) (impose/cause)

140

influential

adj. 有影响的;有权势的 (important/powerful/significant)

141

influenza

n. 流行性感冒

142

informed

adj. 受过教育的/见多识广的 (educated/knowledgeable)

143

be informed about

熟悉 (be acquainted with)

144

infuse

vt. 注入/灌输 (ingrain/instill)

145

ingenious

adj. 机灵的/有独创性的 (clever/inventive/crafty)

146

ingeniously

adv. 天才地/独创地

147

ingredient

n. 配料/成份 (component/element)

148

inhabit

vt. 居住于/栖息于 (live in/occupy/reside in)

149

inhabitant

n. 居民/住户 (resident/occupant)

150

inherent

adj. 固有的/内在的 (intrinsic/built in/natural)

151

inherit

vt. 继承 (receive)

152

inheritance

n. 遗产 (bequest/heritage/legacy)

153

inhibit

vt. 抑制;阻止 (restrain/curb/hinder/deter)

154

initiate

vt. 开始/发起 (begin/originate/start)

155

initial

adj. 最初的/初始的 (early/preliminary/oldest)
n. 开头大写字母

156

initially

adv. 最初/开头 (in the beginning/at first)

157

inject

vt. 注射;注入/灌溉 (put in/infuse)

158

innate

adj. 先天的/天生的 (inborn/congenital)

159

innermost

adj. 最里面的;内心的/秘密的 (most personal)

160

innocent

adj. 无辜的/清白的;天真的 (naive/gullible)

161

innovation

n. 改革/创新 (novelty)

162

innovative

adj. 创新的/革新的 (novel)

163

innumerable

adj. 无数的/数不清的 (countless/numerous)

164

inorganic chemical

无机化合物

165

inquiry

n. 质问;调查 (investigation/quest)

166

insanity

n. 精神错乱/疯狂 (madness/craziness)

167

insert

vt. 插入 (input/enter)

168

insight

n. 洞察力/见识 (understanding)

169

insist

vt. 坚持认为;坚决主张 (maintain/contend)

170

insistence

n. 坚持

171

inspect

vt. 检查;审查 (look over/examine)

172

inspection

n. 检查/细看

173

inspector

n. 检查员/巡视员

174

inspire

vt. 鼓舞;给…以灵感 (encourage/inspirit;fire the imagination of)

175

inspiring

adj. 使人振奋的/鼓舞的

176

inspiration

n. 灵感

177

install

vt. 安装/设置 (set up/fix)

178

installment

n. 分期付款 (monthly payment)

179

instantaneous

adj. 瞬间的/即刻的 (instant/immediate)

180

instinct

n. 本能/直觉 (intuition/drive/nature)

181

instinctive

adj. 天生的/本能的 (spontaneous)

182

instinctively

adv. 本能地;凭直觉地

183

institute

n. 学院;学会/协会
vt. 开始;制定 (establish/start)

184

institution

n. 机构;惯例 (institute/organization;custom/convention)

185

institutionalize

v. 使制度化

186

instructive

adj. 有益的;教育性的 (didactic/enlightening)

187

instruct

vt. 教;命令 (teach)

188

instruction

n. 命令/指示;教学 (direction;teaching)

189

instrument

n. 仪器;工具;乐器 (tool/implement/device)

190

instrumental

adj. 起重要作用 (effective/helpful/necessary)
adj. 用乐器演奏的;为乐器谱写的

191

instrumentalist

n. 器乐家/器乐演奏者

192

insulation

n. 绝缘;隔离;孤立 (isolation/separation)

193

insulin

n. 胰岛素

194

insult

vt. 侮辱/凌辱 (offend/affront)

195

insulting

adj. 侮辱性的/欺负人的

196

insurmountable

adj. 不能克服的/不能超越的 (insuperable/overwhelming)

197

intact

adj. 尚未被人碰到的/完整的 (unaltered/integrated/whole)

198

integral

adj. 整体的;构成整体所需的 (complete/full;essential)

199

integrate

vt. 使成为整体/使一体化 (unify/synthesize/coordinate)

200

integrated

adj. 整合的/一体化的

201

integrity

n. 完整性;正直/诚实 (virtue/honesty)

202

intellect

n. 智力

203

intellectual

n. 知识分子
adj. 智力的

204

intelligent

adj. 聪明的/有才智的 (ingenious/wise/bright)

205

intelligence

n. 智力;聪明

206

intelligible

adj. 明了的/可理解的 (understandable/comprehensible)

207

intense

adj. 强烈的/剧烈的 (extreme/acute)

208

intensify

vt. 加强;扩大 (strengthen;magnify)

209

intensive

adj. 加强的;集中的/密集的 (thorough;concentrated)

210

intentionally

adv. 有意地/特意地 (deliberately/consciously)

211

intention

n. 意图/目的=intent (motive/purpose)

212

interaction

n. 相互作用 (communication)

213

interact

vi. 互相作用/互相影响 (interplay)[interact with]

214

interactive

adj. 交互式的

215

interconnected

adj. 相互连接的

216

interconnecting

adj. 相互连接的

217

interdependence

n. 互相依赖 (interconnection/interrelation)

218

interest

n. 兴趣;利息 (attention/curiosity;dividend/yield)

219

interfere

vi. 妨碍;干涉 (disrupt/hinder/obstruct)[interfere with]

220

interference

n. 冲突;干涉

221

interior

n./adj. 内部(的) (inside/inner part/internal/inner)

222

interlocking

adj. 连锁的/关联的

223

intermediate

adj. 中间的/中级的 (middle)

224

intermittent

adj. 间歇的/断断续续的 (periodic/recurrent)

225

internal

adj. 内在的 (inside/interior)

226

interpersonal

adj. 人与人之间的;关于人与人之间关系的

227

interpretation

n. 解释 (explanation)

228

interrupt

vt. 打断/使中断 (impede/discontinue)

229

intersect

vi. 相交 (cross/meet)

230

intersection

n. 十字路口/交叉点

231

interstellar

adj. 星际的

232

interval

n. 间隔时间 (pause/break)

233

intervention

n. 干涉/介入 (interference)

234

intimate

adj. 亲密的 (close/familiar)
adj. (知识)渊博的 (deep/profound)

235

intimacy

n. 亲密/熟悉

236

intoxication

n. 陶醉/醉酒 (inebriation;drunkenness)

237

intrepid

adj. 勇敢的 (fearless/courageous/brave)

238

intricate

adj. 复杂的/错综的 (complex/comlicated/entangel)

239

intricately

adv. 杂乱地

240

intrigue

vt. 激起…的兴趣 (fascinate/captivate)

241

intriguing

adj. 吸引人的/引起兴趣(或好奇心)的 (attractive/fascinating/engaging)

242

intrinsic

adj. 固有的/内在的 (inherent/essential/fundamental)

243

introspective

adj. 自省的/反省的 (self-examining/introverted/contemplative)

244

intrusion

n. 侵扰/干扰 (encroachment/infringement/violation)

245

intruder

n. 入侵者/闯入者 (trespasser/burglar)

246

intruding

adj. 入侵性的

247

invade

vt. 侵略/侵犯 (move into/intrude/aggress)

248

invasion

n. 入侵 (raid/attack/aggression)

249

invader

n. 侵略者

250

invariably

adv. 不变地/总是 (constantly/always)

251

inventory

n. 存货清单;库存品 (check list)

252

invertebrate

n./adj. 无脊椎动物(的)

253

vertebrate

n./adj. 脊椎动物(的)

254

investigate

vt. 调查/研究 (explore/research/survey)

255

investigation

n. 调查 (inquiry)

256

inviting

adj. 诱人的/引人心动的 (attractive/tempting)

257

involuntary

adj. 不知不觉地/无意识的 (automatical/unintentional)

258

ion

n. 离子

259

irony

n. 反讽/讽刺 (sarcasm/satire)

260

ironic

adj. 讽刺的 (satiric)

261

irregular

adj. 不规则的/不整齐的 (piecemeal/inconstant)

262

irregularly

adv. 不规则地 (erratically/unevenly)

263

irrelevant

adj. 离题的;无关的 (extraneous/impertinent)

264

irreparable

adj. 不能挽回的 (irreversible)

265

irresistible

adj. 无法抗拒的/无法抵抗的;诱人的 (overwhelming;tempting/charming)

266

irresponsible

adj. 不负责的 (reckless/carefree)

267

irreverent

adj. 不敬的 (disrespectful/impious)

268

irreverence

n. 不敬;不敬的行为

269

irreversible

adj. 不可改变的;不可撤销的 (irrevocable/final/unchangeable)

270

irrevocable

adj. 不能取消的

271

irrigate

vt. 灌溉 (water)

272

irrigation

n. 灌溉

273

irritate

vt. 激怒;使过敏 (prickle/annoy/provoke)

274

irritable

adj. 易怒的/急躁的 (easily annoyed/grouchy/touchy)

275

irritating

adj. 刺激的;使人愤怒的/气人的 (exasperating/annoying)

276

isolate

vt. 使隔离/使孤立 (seclude/separate)

277

isolated

adj. 与世隔绝的/偏僻的;孤独的 (remote/secluded/solitary)

278

isolation

n. 隔离;孤立 (separation/detachment)

279

issue

n. 问题 (subject/topic/problem)
n. (报刊的)期 (edition/publication)
v. 发行 (release/publish)

280

itinerary

n. 路线 (route/course)

281

itinerant

adj. 巡回的 (traveling/wandering/nomadic)

282

jar

n. 罐/广口瓶 (pitcher/vase)
vt. 震动;刺激/震惊 (vibrate/jolt;shock)

283

jealousy

n. 妒忌/羡慕 (envy/covetousness)

284

jelly

n. 果冻/胶状物

285

jellyfish

n. 水母

286

jewel

n. 宝石 (gemstone/gem)

287

jewelry

n. 珠宝

288

jeweler

n. 宝石商/宝石匠

289

jibe with

与…一致

290

jog

vi. 慢跑 (run)

291

jogging

n. 慢跑

292

jolt

n. 震动/颠簸 (shake)
vt. 使颠簸/猛击 (bounce/shake)

293

jolting

adj. 令人震惊的 (shocking)

294

journal

n. 期刊/杂志 (magazine/periodical)
n. (航海)日记;分类帐 (log/diary)

295

journalist

n. 新闻记者

296

journalistic

adj. 新闻事业的/新闻工作的

297

journalism

n. 新闻业/报章杂志

298

jubilant

adj. 欢腾的/喜气洋洋的 (exultant/happy/merry)

299

judgement

n. 判断 (decision/appraisal)
n. 判决 (sentence)

300

judicious

adj. 明智的;有判断力的 (wise/prudent)