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Flashcards in Toxicity Deck (24):
1

antidote for acetaminophen

N-acetylcysteine (replenishes glutathione)

2

antidote for organophosphates (irreversible ACh inhibition)

atropine (muscarinic antagonist) and pralidoxime (PAM)

3

antidote for amphetamines

acidify urine with NH4Cl

4

antidote for antimuscarinics/anticholinergics

physostigmine and control hyperthermia

5

antidote for benzodiazepines

flumazenil

6

antidote for beta blockers

glucagon

7

antidote for CO

100% hyperbaric O2

8

antidote for Cu, As, Au

penicillamine

9

antidote for cyanide

nitrite + thiosulfate, hydroxocobalamin

10

antidote for digitalis

anti-dig Fab fragments

11

antidote for heparin

protamine sulfate

12

antidote for Fe

deferoxamine

13

antidote for Pb

EDTA, dimercaprol, succimer, penicillamine

14

antidote for Hg, As, Au

dimercaprol, succimer

15

antidote for methanol, ethylene glycol

fomepizole > ethanol, dialysis

16

antidote for methemoglobin

methylene blue, vitamin C

17

antidote for opioids

naloxone, naltrexone

18

antidote for salicylates

alkalinize urine with NaHCO3, dialysis

19

antidote for TCAs

plasma alkalinization with NaHCO3

20

antidote for tPA, streptokinase, urokinase

aminocaproic acid

21

antidote for warfarin

fresh frozen plasma followed by vitamin K

22

CYP450 inducers

- chronic alcohol
- St. John's wort
- phenytoin
- phenobarbital
- nevirapine
- rifampin
- griseofulvin
- carbamazepine

Chronic alcoholics Steal Phen-Phen and Never Refuse Greasy Carbs.

23

CYP450 inhibitors

- acute alcohol
- ritonavir
- amiodarone
- cimetidine
- ketoconazole
- sulfonamides
- INH
- grapefruit juice
- quinidine
- macrolides

AA RACKS IN GQ Magazine.

24

sulfa drugs (for allergy purposes)

- acetazolamide, furosemide, thiazides
- celecoxib
- sulfonamide abx, sulfonylureas, sulfasalazine