Unit 2: Native Americans and Explorers Flashcards Preview

US History > Unit 2: Native Americans and Explorers > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 2: Native Americans and Explorers Deck (38):
1

Exchange

giving or taking one thing in return for another; trade

2

Myth 

A popular belief or tradition that includes the ideals or values of a society 

3

Artifacts

An object made by a human being 

4

Evidence 

Facts or proof that supports a claim 

5

Claim

Thesis or the idea you are trying to prove

6

Migration 

moving from one location to another

7

Nomadic 

Moving from place to place to find what you need to live

8

Tenochtitlan

capital city of the Aztec empire, located where Mexico city stands now

9

Aztec

People who formed a powerful empire that was located in present day Mexico

10

Inca

South American people that built one of the largest and most organized empires in the Americas

11

chinampas

a floating garden on which the Aztec grew crops

12

quipus

knotted ropes used by the Inca for record keeping

13

terraced gardens 

Inca method of farming on mountainous terrain

14

adobe

Sun-dried brick used to build pueblos

15

Machu Picchu 

ancient Inca city; preserved because the Spanish never found it

16

Three Sisters

corn, beans, squash

17

Kachinas

Pueblo believed these spirits guided their world; also were made into dolls to teach children about the spirits

18

kivas

special Pueblo rooms used for religious ceremonies

19

League of Five Nations

 Five Iroquois tribes that met in council once a year; made up of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca tribes

20

21

longhouses 

large Iroquois homes that housed 15-20 families

22

dreamcatchers

used to filter good and bad dreams of the Algonquin

23

Great Spirit of Manitou 

the main Algonquin god

24

Columbian Exchange

global exchange of goods and ideas between the peoples of the western and eastern hemispheres

25

Christopher Columbus 

Explorere who sailed for Spain, given credit for discovering America

26

Juan Ponce de Leon 

Spanish explorer given credit for discovering Florida 

27

Henry Hudson

English explorer who discovered water routes in North America. 

28

Amerigo Vespucci 

Explored the coast of South America, America was named after him 

29

Jacques Cartier

French explorer who explored the St. Lawrence River and claimed that region for France 

30

Francisco Pizarro 

Spanish conquistador who defeated the Incan empire 

31

conquistador

name for the Spanish explorers who claimed land in the Americas for Spain

32

Hernan Cortes

Spanish conquestador who defeated the Aztec empire and conquered Mexico

33

Francisco Coronado

Spanish conquistador who explored the southwestern United States, including New Mexico 

34

Hernando de Soto 

Conquistador and first European explorer to document crossing the Mississippi River

35

Vasco Nunez de Balboa

Spanish explorer and conquistador; First European explorer to have reached the Pacific Ocean from the New World. 

36

Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca

Spanish explorer who explored present-day Florida, Texas, and Mexico 

37

John Cabot

Italian explorer who sailed for England, credited with being the first European explorer to come into contact with mainland North America since the Vikings,  

38

Samuel de Champlain 

French explorer who established a settlement where the city of Quebec exists today