Unit 6: A New Nation Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 6: A New Nation Deck (31):
1

First 5 Presidents

Washington, Adams, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe

2

Lewis and Clark

two explorers sent by Jefferson to explore the northwestern United States territory

3

political parties

an organization made to gain political power

4

cabinet

a group of officials that head government departments and advise the President

5

inauguration

Ceremony in which the President officially takes the oath of office

6

precedent

an act or decision that sets an example for others to follow

7

judiciary act

Created the structure of the Supreme Court and set up a system of district courts and circuit courts for the nation

8

national debt

amount of money the national government owes others

9

bond

certificate that promises to repay money loaned, plus interest, on a certain date

10

Bank of the United States

bank set up in 1791 to hold government deposits, to issue paper money to pay government bills, and to make loans to farmers and businesses

11

tariff

tax on foreign goods brought into the country

12

Whiskey Rebellion

A protest over a tax on all liquor made and sold in the United States

13

foreign policy

actions that a nation takes in relation to other nations

14

Jay's Treaty

An agreement between Britain and the US that called for Britain to pay damages for seized American ships and to give up forts it still held in the West. In exchange, the US would repay debts owed to British merchants.

15

laissez faire

idea that government should play as small a role as possible in economic affairs

16

free market

Economic system in which individuals, rather than the government, decide what and how much to produce and sell

17

Marbury v. Madison

establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review

18

Pinckney Treaty

Agreement with Spain that let Americans ship their goods down the Mississippi River and store them in New Orleans

19

Louisiana Purchase

Vast territory between the Mississippi River and Rocky Mountains, purchased from France in 1803; doubled size of the US

20

continental divide

mountain ridge that separates river systems flowing toward opposite sides of the continent

21

Impressment

practice of forcing people into military service, such as British soldiers taking American sailors from their ships

22

Embargo Act

an 1807 law that imposed a total ban on foreign trade

23

Nonintercourse Act

an 1809 law that allowed Americans to carry on trade with all countries except Britain and France

24

Treaty of Greenville

Treaty signed by some Native Americans in 1795, giving up land that would later become part of Ohio in exchange for $20,000 and a promise of more money if they kept the peace

25

Battle of Tippecanoe

battle over white settlement in Indiana Territory

26

nationalism

devotion to one's country

27

Battle of Lake Erie

an American victory led by Oliver Perry over the British

28

Battle of New Orleans

At the end of the War of 1812, a battle between British and American forces that ended in an American victory

29

Hartford Convention

gathering of New England delegates during the War of 1812 to protest the war by threatening to secede from the Union

30

Treaty of Ghent

peace treaty signed by Britain and the United States at the end of the War of 1812

31

Napoleon Bonaparte

French emperor who sold the Lousiana territory to the United States