Unit 3: Colonial America Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 3: Colonial America Deck (29):
1

colony

group of people who settle in a distant land but are still ruled by the government of their native land

2

evidence

Facts or proof that supports a claim

3

motives

a reason for doing something

4

economy

the wealth and resources of a country or region

5

charter

legal document giving certain rights to a person or a company

6

House of Burgesses

representative assembly in Virginia

7

representative government

a political system where voters elect representatives to make laws for them

8

Jamestown

site of the first permanent English settlement in the New World

9

Pilgrims

English settlers who sought religious freedom in the Americas

10

Plymouth

town settled by the Pilgrims in what becomes Massachusetts

11

Mayflower Compact

document signed in 1620 before the Pilgrims landed that committed the group to a majority-rule government

12

Puritans

English religious group that sought to purify the Church of England and founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony

13

religious tolerance

willingness to allow others to practice their own beliefs

14

proprietary colony

English colony in which the king gave land to proprietors in exchange for a yearly payment

15

royal colony

Colony under the direct control of the English crown

16

Quakers

Protestant reformers who believe in the equality of all people

17

cash crops

Crop sold for money at market

18

mercantilism

a theory that a nation's economic strength came from protecting and increasing its home economy by keeping strict control over its colonial trade

19

triangular trade

Colonial trade route between New England, the West Indies, and Africa

20

Navigation Acts

Series of laws passed by the English Parliament in the 1650s that regulated trade between England and its colonies

21

indentured servant

Person who agreed to work without wages for a period of time in exchange for passage to the colonies

22

New England Region

Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut

23

Middle Region

New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware

24

Southern Region

Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia

25

subsistence farming

when a family grows only enough food to survive

26

merchant

a person who produces or trades goods

27

homespun

products that are made at home (furniture, clothing, etc.)

28

transported criminals

criminals that are taken from jail and made to work in the colonies

29

slaves

people captured in Africa and sold to plantation owners; were seen as property