Unit 5: Constitution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 5: Constitution Deck (39):
1

articles

the main body of the Constitution, divided into 7 sections, which establishes the framework for the US government

2

ratification

approving a treaty, contract, or agreement and making it official

3

compromise

an agreement reached by changing the opposing claims

4

constitution

Document that sets out the laws, principles, organization, and processes of a government

5

Preamble

introduction to a declaration, constitution, or other official document; usually states the purpose

6

domestic tranquility

Peace and order at home; one of the six goals defined in the Preamble of the US Constitution

7

popular sovereignty

term that means people have the right to create, alter, or abolish their government

8

limited government

A principle of the US Constitution that states that government has only the powers that the Constitution gives it

9

checks and balances

A principle of the US Constitution that protects against abuse of power by giving each branch of government the power to check the other branches

10

federalism

Establishes the division of power between the federal government and the states

11

House of Representatives

The larger of the two bodies that make up the legislative branch; representation based on population

12

Senate

Smaller of the two bodies that make up the legislative branch; based on equal representation, with two senators for each state

13

bill

proposed law

14

electoral college

Group of electors from each state who meet every four years to vote for the President and Vice President of the United States

15

Supreme Court

the highest court in the US

16

unconstitutional

not allowed in the constitution

17

veto

to reject, as when a President rejects a law passed by Congress

18

override

To overrule, as when Congress overrules a presidential veto

19

impeach

to bring charges of serious wrongdoing against a public official

20

First Amendment

Protects basic individual liberties including freedom of religion, speech, and the press

21

Second Amendment

right to bear arms

22

Thirteenth Amendment

bans slavery throughout the US

23

Fourteenth Amendment

Gives citizenship to all persons born in the US and guarantees equal protection of the laws

24

Fifteenth Amendment

Forbids any state to deny African Americans the right to vote because of the race

25

Nineteenth Amendment

guarantees women's right to vote

26

Twenty-sixth Amendment

lowers the minimum voting age from 21 to 18

27

Articles of Confederation

First American constitution, passed in 1777, which created a loose alliance of 13 independent states

28

Shay's Rebellion

Revolt in Massachusetts led by farmers in reaction to high taxes

29

legislative branch

branch of government that passes laws

30

executive branch

branch of government that carries out the laws

31

judicial branch

branch of government that interprets the laws

32

The Great Compromise

Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house

33

New Jersey Plan

Plan that was favored by the smaller states that called for three branches of government with a single-chamber legislature

34

Three-fifths Compromise

Agreement at the Constitutional Convention that three-fifths of the slaves in any state be counted in its population

35

Federalists

Supporters of the Constitution, who favored a strong federal, or national, government

36

Anti-Federalists

People who opposed the Constitution and a strong national government

37

The Federalist Papers

Series of essays by Federalists James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay in support of ratifying the Constitution

38

amend

to change

39

Bill of Rights

first 10 amendments to the US Constitution