Unit 8: A Changing Nation Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 8: A Changing Nation Deck (17):
1

social reform

a movement to make changes in society

2

Industrial Revolution

Gradual process by which machines replaced hand tools, and steam and other new sources of power replaced human and animal power

3

urbanization

process of a population's shifting from farms to cities

4

spinning jenny

machine that could spin several threads at once

5

capital

money raised for a business venture

6

capitalist

a person who invests in a business in order to make a profit

7

factory system

method of producing goods that brought workers and machinery together in one place

8

interchangeable parts

identical, machine-made parts for a tool or instrument

9

Lowell girl

Young woman who worked in the Lowell Mills in Massachusetts during the Industrial Revolution

10

Triangular Shirtwaist Factory fire

deadly fire in a shirt factory that showed dangerous working conditions

11

cotton gin

invention that made harvesting cotton much more efficient

12

Eli Whitney

inventor of the cotton gin

13

abolitionist

people who worked to end slavery

14

flatboat

Boat with a flat bottom used for transporting heavy loads on inland waterways

15

patent

a license from the government that gives an individual or organization sole ownership to make, use, or sell their invention

16

free enterprise

economic system where private businesses operate based on competition instead of government control

17

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