Unit 7: Westward Expansion Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 7: Westward Expansion Deck (22):
1

Manifest Destiny

"Obvious Future"; belief the US was a chosen nation and needed to spread their beliefs throughout North America.

2

territorial expansion

making a territory bigger

3

authority

having power to do something

4

Monroe Doctrine

A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere; forbade Europe from colonizing further in the W. Hemisphere

5

Jacksonian democracy

movement for more rights for the common man

6

suffrage

the right to vote

7

democrats

Supporters of Andrew Jackson' included frontier farmers and factory workers

8

"kitchen cabinet"

a group of unofficial advisers to Andrew Jackson who met with him in the White House kitchen

9

spoils system

practice of rewarding supporters with government jobs

10

Indian Removal Act

law passed in 1830 that forced many Native Americans to move west of the Mississippi River

11

Trail of Tears

forced journey of the Cherokee Indians from Georgia to a region west of the Mississippi River during which thousands of Cherokees died

12

region

a group of places with common characteristics

13

census

an official count of population

14

Erie Canal

Artificial waterway opened in 1825 linking Lake Erie to the Hudson River

15

turnpike

road built by a private company that charges a toll to use it

16

corduroy road

road made of logs

17

national road

first federally funded national road project; started in 1811

18

sectionalism

loyalty to the interests of one's region of the country

19

American System

Program for economic growth promoted by Henry Clay in the early 1800s; called for high tariffs on imports and federal funds to improve transportation

20

McCulloch v. Maryland

A case in which the Supreme Court ruled that states had no right to interfere with federal institutions within their borders

21

Gibbons v. Ogden

A case in which the Supreme Court upheld the power of the federal government to regulate interstate commerce

22

Adams-Onis Treaty

Treaty between Spain and the US in which Spain agreed to give Florida to the US in exchange for $5 million