Unit 4: Revolutionary War Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 4: Revolutionary War Deck (30):
1

representation

serving as a spokesman for an individual or a group of people

2

taxation

being required to pay fees or dues to support a government

3

thesis

the main point of your argument

4

rights

the belief you should be treated with respect and fairness

5

acts

laws passed by the British that affected the colonists

6

patriots

Colonists who favored the war against Britain

7

French and Indian War

war between England and France, both sides aided by Native Americans, that led to the end of French power in North America

8

Albany Plan of Union

proposal by Benjamin Franklin to have one government for all 13 colonies

9

Proclamation of 1763

law forbidding English colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains

10

Stamp Act

an act of the British Parliament for raising revenue in the American Colonies by requiring the use of stamps and stamped paper for on legal documents and taxed newspapers, almanacs, playing cards, and dice

11

boycott

Refusal to buy certain goods and services

12

Tea Act

Law that let the British East India Company bypass tea merchants and sell directly to colonists at a lower cost

13

Boston Tea Party

Protest in which colonists dressed as Indians dumped British tea into Boston harbor

14

Intolerable Acts

laws passed to punish Boston for the Tea Party that closed Boston Harbor, restricted town meetings, and required even private citizens to lodge British soldiers

15

First Continental Congress

Delegates from 12 /13 colonies that met in Philadelphia that met to discuss grievances with England

16

minutemen

Colonial militia volunteers who were prepared to fight a minute's notice

17

Battles of Lexington and Concord

First battles of the Revolutionary War; "the shot heard 'round the world"

18

Continental Army

Army established by the Second Continental Congress to fight the British

19

loyalists

Colonists who remained loyal to Britain

20

Battle of Bunker Hill

First major battle of the Revolutionary War; proved that Americans could fight bravely and that the British would be hard to beat

21

mercenaries

soldiers who fight merely for pay, often for a foreign country

22

Common Sense

essay by Thomas Paine that urged colonies to declare independence

23

Declaration of Independence

document stating that the 13 English colonies were a free and independent nation

24

natural rights

rights that belong to all people from birth: Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness

25

Battle of Trenton

battle where George Washington's troops captured a Hessian encampment in a surprise attack

26

Battle of Saratoga

First major American victory in the Revolution which led British threat to New England

27

Valley Forge

Site of George Washington's Continental Army winter encampment

28

guerilla

soldier who uses hit and run tactics

29

Battle of Yorktown

Final battle in the Revolution; an American victory that caused the British to surrender

30

Treaty of Paris

Peace treaty that marked the end of the Revolutionary War and recognized the United States as an independent nation