Flashcards in VASCULAR SYSTEM Deck (66)
what gender is more likely to be affected by an AAA?
what percentage of men of 65 have an AAA?
what symptoms might you get with an AAA pre-rupture?
give 2 symptoms of a patient with ruptured AAA?
intense abdo/back pain
what happens to the blood pressure of a patient with AAA?
what kind of shock would a patient with an AAA enter?
give a vascular cause of AAA
give 2 infective causes of AAA
give an extrinsic cause of AAA
give 2 genetic causes of AAA
What are the non pathological risk factors of AAA?
give 2 endocrine/hormone risk factors for AAA
describe an abdominal mass characteristic of AAA
pulsatile and expansile
where do 85% of AAAs lie?
what is an aortic dissection?
blood pools between the media and intima in vessel wall
what is the mortality of an AAA rupture?
if an AAA is more than 5.5cm, what treatment is given?
immediate surgical repair
Either endovascular = reinforce the aorta
Open surgery= graft
give 2 differential diagnoses for AAA
what gender is peripheral vascular disease most common in?
give a vascular cause of peripheral vascular disease
give 2 causes of ischaemia in peripheral vascular disease
Acute compartment syndrome
give 10 symptoms of peripheral vascular disease
Loss of hair on the legs
Loss of sensation
Erectile dysfunction in men
Wasting of muscles
what are the 6 P's of ischaemia in peripheral vascular disease?
give 2 lifestyle risk factors for peripheral vascular disease
give 3 hormone/electrolyte risk factors for peripheral vascular disease
diabetes 1 and 2
give 3 cardiovascular risk factors for peripheral vascular disease
ischaemic heart disease
what are the names for the two locations where peripheral vascular disease can be?
peripheral vascular disease can be
what diagnostic test might you use in a patient with peripheral vascular disease?