Venous System of the Upper Limb Flashcards Preview

► Med Misc 25 > Venous System of the Upper Limb > Flashcards

Flashcards in Venous System of the Upper Limb Deck (28):
1

What does the venous system of the upper limb do?

Drains deoxygenated blood from the arm, forearm and hand

2

How can the venous system of the upper limb be anatomically divided?

Into superficial veins and deep veins

3

What are the major superficial veins of the upper limb?

Cephalic and basilic

4

Where are the superficial veins of the upper limb located?

Within the subcutaneous tissue of the upper limb

5

Where does the basilic vein originate from?

The dorsal venous network of the hand

6

Where does the basilic vein ascend?

The medial aspect of the upper limb

7

Where does the basilic vein move deep into the arm?

At the border of the teres major

8

What happens when the basilic vein moves deep into the arm?

It combines with the brachial veins to form the axillary vein

9

What does the cephalic vein arise from?

The dorsal venous network of the hand

10

Where does the cephalic vein ascent?

The antero-lateral aspect of the upper limb passing anteriorly to the elbow

11

What happens to the cephalic vein at the shoulder?

It travels between the deltoid and pectoralis major muscle, and enters the axilla region

12

What is the space between the deltoid and pectoralis major known as?

The deltopectoral groove

13

How does the cephalic vein enter the axilla?

Via the clavipectoral triangle

14

What happens to the cephalic vein in the axilla?

It terminates by joining the axillary vein

15

How are the cephalic and basilic vein connected?

At the elbow, by the median cubital vein

16

Where are the deep veins of the upper limb situated?

Underneath the deep fascia

17

What are the deep veins of the upper limb?

Paired veins that accompany and lie either side of an artery

18

Where are the largest deep veins of the upper limb?

Brachial veins

19

Where are the brachial veins situated?

On either side of the brachial artery

20

What is the advantage of the veins being on either side of an artery?

The pulsations of the brachial artery aids the venous return

21

What is it called when paired veins lie on either side of an artery?

Vena comitantes

22

Where do perforating veins run?

Between the deep and superficial veins of the upper limb

23

What is the purpose of the perforating veins?

They connect the deep and superficial systems

24

What is venipuncture?

The practice of obtaining intravenous access

25

Why might you need to gain intravenous access/

For IV therapy, or obtaining a blood sample

26

What is the main location for venipuncture?

The median cubital vein

27

What is the medial cubital vein?

A superficial vein that is situated anteriorly at the elbow

28

Why is the median cubital vein commonly used?

Due to its accessible and superficial position