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Flashcards in Vocabulary 2 Deck (100):
1

guile
/gīl/

n. sly or cunning intelligence

This year marks the 300th birthday of King Frederick II of Prussia, also know as Frederick the Great or, locally, Old Fritz, who is remembered for his feats of guile on both the battlefield and the potato field.

2

gurgle
/ˈgərgəl/

n. 1) make a hollow bubbling sound like that made by water running out of a bottle (水等)汩汩地流; (嬰兒等)發出咯咯聲 2)[with adverbial of direction] (of a liquid) run or flow with a gurgling sound

1) my stomach gurgled. 2) chemicals gurgle down a drain straight into the sewers

 

3

nectar
/ˈnektər/ 

1. a sugary fluid secreted by plants, esp. within flowers to encourage pollination by insects and other animals. 花蜜
2. (in Greek and Roman mythology) The drink of the gods神酒, 瓊漿玉液

To comprehend a nectar requires sorest need

4

defrock
/dēˈfräk/

v. 1.deprive (a person in holy orders) of ecclesiastical (/iˌklēzēˈastikəl/) status. 2. deprive (someone) of professional status or membership in a prestigious group

Even defrocked with its mechanical guts exposed, the mechanical monk will not give up all of its mysteries.

5

waif
/wāf/

n. a homeless and helpless person, esp. a neglected or abandoned child.

1) For Kate Moss — she of waif-defining, line-snorting, hotel-wrecking notoriety. 2) she is foster-mother to various waifs and strays.
 

6

machismo
/məˈCHēzmō/ 

n. strong or aggressive masculine pride

the exaggerated machismo displayed in the tango

7

exegete
/ˈeksəˌjēt/

n. an expounder or textual interpreter, esp. of scripture

George's sorrows of young werther, a master text that Barthes, the intoxicating exegete, dances around.

8

studium and punctum

studium: denoting the cultural, linguistic, and political interpretation of a photograph.

punctum: denoting the wounding, personally touching detail which establishes a direct relationship with the object or person within it.
 

9

coruscate
/ˈkôrəˌskāt/ 

v. (of light) flash or sparkle

All of the jewlery bagan to coruscate when they put it in the sunlight.

10

the fray2

n. a situation of intense competitive activity

ten companies intend to bid for the contract, with three more expected to enter the fray.

11

fray1
/freɪ/

v. 1) (of a fabric, rope, or cord) unravel or become worn at the edge, typically through constant rubbing. 2) (of a person's nerves or temper) show the effects of strain.

1) cheap fabric soon frays. 2) as the temperature rose, tempers frayed.
 

12

anodyne (/ˈanəˌdīn/)
topical (/ˈtäpikəl/)
pertinent (/ˈpərtn-ənt/)

1) deliberately inoffensive; (n)something that alleviates a person's mental distress
2) Of immediate relevance, interest, or importance owing to its relation to current events; of interest at the present time
3) relating directly to the subject being considered

to teach the anodyne state where nuance displaces topicality, where irrelevance outshines pertinence.

13

proffer
/ˈpräfər/

v. Hold out (something) to someone for acceptance; offer

Prefab systems of desiring, alight on accidental lilypads. I refused to proffer a homosexual discourse.

14

lodestone
(/ˈlōdˌstōn/)

n. a piece of magnetite or other naturally magnetized mineral, able to be used as a magnet; a thing that is the focus of attention or attraction

Barthes never stops to explain. He is happy to make the lightest of allusions–a lodestone such as "Nietzsche" or "Descartes" in the margins–but to leave the reference unplumbed.

15

unplumbed
(/ʌnˈplʌmd/)

adj. not fully explored or understood

Barthes never stops to explain. He is happy to make the lightest of allusions–a lodestone such as "Nietzsche" or "Descartes" in the margins–but to leave the reference unplumbed.

16

recitative
(/ˌres(ə)təˈtēv/)

vs.

aria
(/ˈärēə/)

n. in music, words that are sung as if they are being spoken. (吟誦調)

n. a piece of music sung with, usually, full accompaniment. It is usually tells a major / important part of the story. (詠嘆調; 唱段)

17

exponent
/ˈekspōnənt/

n. 1) a person who believes in and promotes the truth or benefits of an idea or theory. 2) a person who has and demonstrates a particular skill, esp. to a high standard.

1) an early exponent of the teachings of Thomas Aquinas. 2) Jacqueline du Pré was a leading exponent of the cello.

18

prosody
/ˈpräsədē/

n. 1) the patterns of rhythm and sound used in poetry. 2) the patterns of stress and intonation in a language

1) the translator is not obliged to reproduce the prosody of the original. 2) the salience of prosody in child language acquisition

19

spasmodic
/spazˈmädik/

adj. occurring or done in brief, irregular bursts (happening suddenly)

spasmodic fighting continued; he made spasmodic attempts to clean up the house (e.g. mintty). 

20

gnomic
/ˈnōmik/

adj. describes something spoken or written that is short, mysterious, and not easily understood, but often seems wise. (pithy aphorism)

Peter is always coming out with gnomic utterances/pronouncements.

21

cerebration
/ˌserəˈbrāSHən/

n. the working of the brain; thinking

Mathematics problems sometimes require much cerebration.

22

consecrate
/ˈkänsiˌkrāt/

v. 1) make or declare (something, typically a church) sacred; dedicate formally to a religious purpose. 2) devote (something) exclusively to a particular purpose

1) the present Holy Trinity church was consecrated in 1845; consecrated ground. 2) they'd decided to consecrate all their energies to this purposeful act.
 

23

succor
/ˈsəkər/

n. 1) assistance and support in times of hardship and distress 2) reinforcements of troops

Her organization gave succour and strength to those who had been emotionally damaged.

24

fricative consonant
/ˈfrikətiv/

adj. denoting a type of consonant made by the friction of breath in a narrow opening, producing a turbulent air flow.

n. a fricative consonant made in this way, e.g. f and th

25

jolt
/jōlt/

v. 1) push or shake (someone or something) abruptly and roughly. 2) give a surprise or shock to s.o (especially an unpleasant kind) in order to make them act or change


1) a surge in the crowd behind him jolted him forward; the horse jolted me terribly when he jumped. 2) she tried to jolt him out of his depression; a jolt of individuating awareness. 

26

armistice
/ˈärməstis/

n. agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce

the Italian government signed an armistice with the Allies.   

27

whimsy
/ˈ(h)wimzē/

n. playfully quaint or fanciful behavior or humor 

None has been created as a toy but there is plenty of whimsy to suggest playfulness.

28

unpropitious
/ˌənprəˈpiSHəs/

adj. (of a circumstance) not giving or indicating a good chance of success; unfavorable

Published first essay, unpropitiously, in a sanitarium (療養院) student magazine. 

29

convalesce
/ˌkänvəˈles/

v. recover one's health and strength over a period of time after an illness or operation

he spent eight months convalescing after the stroke.

30

collectibles & keepsakes 

n.an item valued and sought by collectors
n. a small item kept in memory of the person who gave it or originally owned it

Beautiful styled shelves can be achieved with the right balance of books, as well as space for accessories, keepsakes, and collectibles.

31

aleatory
/ˈālēəˌtôrē/

adj. 1) depending on the throw of a die or on chance; random. 2) relating to or denoting music or other forms of art involving elements of random choice (sometimes using statistical or computer techniques) during their composition, production, or performance

1) a photograph can capture the aleatory chaos of modern urban life. 2) aleatory music

32

lynch
/linCH/

v. (of a group of people) kill (someone) for an alleged offence without a legal trial, especially by hanging

Maya faces a deep-seated southern racism manifested in wearying daily indignities and terrifying lynch mobs.

33

foible
/ˈfoibəl/

n. a minor weakness or eccentricity in someone’s character

what better way to prepare for the release of “Star Trek Into The Darkness” than with a trailer that details all the hilarious flaws and foibles.

34

aghst
/əˈgast/

adj. filled with horror or shock

Aghast at the risk. 

35

doff
/däf/

v. remove (an item of clothing); take off or raise (one’s hat) as a greeting or token of respect.

1) he had doffed tie and jacket and rolled up his shirtsleeves. 2) the manager tdoffed his cap to her.

36

compunction
/kəmˈpəNG(k)SHən/

n. a feeling of guilt or moral scruple that follows the doing of something bad; a pricking of the conscience

1) spend the money without compunction. 2) he had no compunction about behaving blasphemously,

37

surly
/ˈsərlē/

adj. bad-tempered and unfriendly

Surly supercilious clerk; We were served by a very surly waiter. 

38

supercilious
/ˌso͞opərˈsilēəs/

adj. behaving or looking as though one thinks one is superior to others

Surly supercilious clerk; He spoke in a haughty, supercilious voice. 

39

plonk
/pläNGk/

v. 1) Set down heavily or carelessly. 2) Sit down heavily and without ceremony. 3) play on a musical instrument laboriously or unskillfully.
n. a sound as of something being set down heavily

1) plonk the four passports. 2) he plonked himself down on the sofa. 3) people plonking around on expensive instruments.

40

harebrained
/ˈhe(ə)rˌbrānd/

adj. Rash; ill-judged

a harebrained scheme; talk out of the harebrained idea. 

41

slovenly
/ˈsləvənlē/

adj. 1) (esp. of a person or their appearance) Messy and dirty. 2) (esp. of a person or action) Careless; excessively casual

1) slovenly waitress; he was upbraided (find fault with so) for his slovenly appearance. 2) the effects are apparent in many countries, improvident (not having or showing foresight) habits, slovenly systems of agriculture, sluggish methods of commerce.

42

sonorous
/ˈsänərəs/

adj. 1) (of a person's voice or other sound) Imposingly deep and full. 2) capable of producing a deep or ringing sound

Sonorous grand piano. 

43

badger
/ˈbajər/

v. Ask (someone) repeatedly and annoyingly for something; pester

journalists badgered him about the deals;  Tom had finally badgered her into going.

44

repudiate
/riˈpyo͞odēˌāt/

v. 1. refuse to accept or be associated with 2. (chiefly Law) refuse to fulfil (an obligation) 3. deny the truth or validity of

1. Freud repudiated every one of his nonjewish followers. 2. breach of a condition gives the other party the right to repudiate a contract. 3. the minister repudiated allegations of human rights abuses

45

quackery

n. the promotion of unproven or fraudulent medical practices (quack: 庸醫)

Freud, a prominent but non-medical Viennese analyst, was charged with 'quackery' (to medicine).

46

abstention
/abˈstenCHən/

n. 1. an instance of declining to vote for or against a proposal or motion. (棄權) 2. [mass noun] restraint in one’s consumption; abstinence

1. a resolution passed by 126 votes to none, with six abstentions. 2. alcohol consumption versus abstention

47

hand
/hand/

n. a person’s handwriting.

Spencerian hand or clerical curlicue

48

curlicue
/ˈkərlēˌkyo͞o/

n. a decorative curl or twist in calligraphy or in the design of an object

Spencerian hand or clerical curlicue

A image thumb
49

precarious
/priˈke(ə)rēəs/

adj. 1. not securely held or in position; dangerously likely to fall or collapse; 2.dependent on chance; uncertain

1. precariously held together by flower wire. 2. he made a precarious living as a painter

50

miscreant
/ˈmiskrēənt/

n. a person who behaves badly or in a way that breaks the law; a heretic (adj. miscreant)

As I hurried over, the miscreant sat himself down directly above the bold 'DO NOT SIT ON'. 

51

n. sly or cunning intelligence

This year marks the 300th birthday of King Frederick II of Prussia, also know as Frederick the Great or, locally, Old Fritz, who is remembered for his feats of guile on both the battlefield and the potato field.

guile
/gīl/

52

n. 1) make a hollow bubbling sound like that made by water running out of a bottle (水等)汩汩地流; (嬰兒等)發出咯咯聲 2)[with adverbial of direction] (of a liquid) run or flow with a gurgling sound

1) my stomach gurgled. 2) chemicals gurgle down a drain straight into the sewers

 

gurgle
/ˈgərgəl/

53

1. a sugary fluid secreted by plants, esp. within flowers to encourage pollination by insects and other animals. 花蜜
2. (in Greek and Roman mythology) The drink of the gods神酒, 瓊漿玉液

To comprehend a nectar requires sorest need

nectar
/ˈnektər/ 

54

v. 1.deprive (a person in holy orders) of ecclesiastical (/iˌklēzēˈastikəl/) status. 2. deprive (someone) of professional status or membership in a prestigious group

Even defrocked with its mechanical guts exposed, the mechanical monk will not give up all of its mysteries.

defrock
/dēˈfräk/

55

n. a homeless and helpless person, esp. a neglected or abandoned child.

1) For Kate Moss — she of waif-defining, line-snorting, hotel-wrecking notoriety. 2) she is foster-mother to various waifs and strays.
 

waif
/wāf/

56

n. strong or aggressive masculine pride

the exaggerated machismo displayed in the tango

machismo
/məˈCHēzmō/ 

57

n. an expounder or textual interpreter, esp. of scripture

George's sorrows of young werther, a master text that Barthes, the intoxicating exegete, dances around.

exegete
/ˈeksəˌjēt/

58

studium: denoting the cultural, linguistic, and political interpretation of a photograph.

punctum: denoting the wounding, personally touching detail which establishes a direct relationship with the object or person within it.
 

studium and punctum

59

v. (of light) flash or sparkle

All of the jewlery bagan to coruscate when they put it in the sunlight.

coruscate
/ˈkôrəˌskāt/ 

60

n. a situation of intense competitive activity

ten companies intend to bid for the contract, with three more expected to enter the fray.

the fray2

61

v. 1) (of a fabric, rope, or cord) unravel or become worn at the edge, typically through constant rubbing. 2) (of a person's nerves or temper) show the effects of strain.

1) cheap fabric soon frays. 2) as the temperature rose, tempers frayed.
 

fray1
/freɪ/

62

1) deliberately inoffensive; (n)something that alleviates a person's mental distress
2) Of immediate relevance, interest, or importance owing to its relation to current events; of interest at the present time
3) relating directly to the subject being considered

to teach the anodyne state where nuance displaces topicality, where irrelevance outshines pertinence.

anodyne (/ˈanəˌdīn/)
topical (/ˈtäpikəl/)
pertinent (/ˈpərtn-ənt/)

63

v. Hold out (something) to someone for acceptance; offer

Prefab systems of desiring, alight on accidental lilypads. I refused to proffer a homosexual discourse.

proffer
/ˈpräfər/

64

n. a piece of magnetite or other naturally magnetized mineral, able to be used as a magnet; a thing that is the focus of attention or attraction

Barthes never stops to explain. He is happy to make the lightest of allusions–a lodestone such as "Nietzsche" or "Descartes" in the margins–but to leave the reference unplumbed.

lodestone
(/ˈlōdˌstōn/)

65

adj. not fully explored or understood

Barthes never stops to explain. He is happy to make the lightest of allusions–a lodestone such as "Nietzsche" or "Descartes" in the margins–but to leave the reference unplumbed.

unplumbed
(/ʌnˈplʌmd/)

66

n. in music, words that are sung as if they are being spoken. (吟誦調)

n. a piece of music sung with, usually, full accompaniment. It is usually tells a major / important part of the story. (詠嘆調; 唱段)

recitative
(/ˌres(ə)təˈtēv/)

vs.

aria
(/ˈärēə/)

67

n. 1) a person who believes in and promotes the truth or benefits of an idea or theory. 2) a person who has and demonstrates a particular skill, esp. to a high standard.

1) an early exponent of the teachings of Thomas Aquinas. 2) Jacqueline du Pré was a leading exponent of the cello.

exponent
/ˈekspōnənt/

68

n. 1) the patterns of rhythm and sound used in poetry. 2) the patterns of stress and intonation in a language

1) the translator is not obliged to reproduce the prosody of the original. 2) the salience of prosody in child language acquisition

prosody
/ˈpräsədē/

69

adj. occurring or done in brief, irregular bursts (happening suddenly)

spasmodic fighting continued; he made spasmodic attempts to clean up the house (e.g. mintty). 

spasmodic
/spazˈmädik/

70

adj. describes something spoken or written that is short, mysterious, and not easily understood, but often seems wise. (pithy aphorism)

Peter is always coming out with gnomic utterances/pronouncements.

gnomic
/ˈnōmik/

71

n. the working of the brain; thinking

Mathematics problems sometimes require much cerebration.

cerebration
/ˌserəˈbrāSHən/

72

v. 1) make or declare (something, typically a church) sacred; dedicate formally to a religious purpose. 2) devote (something) exclusively to a particular purpose

1) the present Holy Trinity church was consecrated in 1845; consecrated ground. 2) they'd decided to consecrate all their energies to this purposeful act.
 

consecrate
/ˈkänsiˌkrāt/

73

n. 1) assistance and support in times of hardship and distress 2) reinforcements of troops

Her organization gave succour and strength to those who had been emotionally damaged.

succor
/ˈsəkər/

74

adj. denoting a type of consonant made by the friction of breath in a narrow opening, producing a turbulent air flow.

n. a fricative consonant made in this way, e.g. f and th

fricative consonant
/ˈfrikətiv/

75

v. 1) push or shake (someone or something) abruptly and roughly. 2) give a surprise or shock to s.o (especially an unpleasant kind) in order to make them act or change


1) a surge in the crowd behind him jolted him forward; the horse jolted me terribly when he jumped. 2) she tried to jolt him out of his depression; a jolt of individuating awareness. 

jolt
/jōlt/

76

n. agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce

the Italian government signed an armistice with the Allies.   

armistice
/ˈärməstis/

77

n. playfully quaint or fanciful behavior or humor 

None has been created as a toy but there is plenty of whimsy to suggest playfulness.

whimsy
/ˈ(h)wimzē/

78

adj. (of a circumstance) not giving or indicating a good chance of success; unfavorable

Published first essay, unpropitiously, in a sanitarium (療養院) student magazine. 

unpropitious
/ˌənprəˈpiSHəs/

79

v. recover one's health and strength over a period of time after an illness or operation

he spent eight months convalescing after the stroke.

convalesce
/ˌkänvəˈles/

80

n.an item valued and sought by collectors
n. a small item kept in memory of the person who gave it or originally owned it

Beautiful styled shelves can be achieved with the right balance of books, as well as space for accessories, keepsakes, and collectibles.

collectibles & keepsakes 

81

adj. 1) depending on the throw of a die or on chance; random. 2) relating to or denoting music or other forms of art involving elements of random choice (sometimes using statistical or computer techniques) during their composition, production, or performance

1) a photograph can capture the aleatory chaos of modern urban life. 2) aleatory music

aleatory
/ˈālēəˌtôrē/

82

v. (of a group of people) kill (someone) for an alleged offence without a legal trial, especially by hanging

Maya faces a deep-seated southern racism manifested in wearying daily indignities and terrifying lynch mobs.

lynch
/linCH/

83

n. a minor weakness or eccentricity in someone’s character

what better way to prepare for the release of “Star Trek Into The Darkness” than with a trailer that details all the hilarious flaws and foibles.

foible
/ˈfoibəl/

84

adj. filled with horror or shock

Aghast at the risk. 

aghst
/əˈgast/

85

v. remove (an item of clothing); take off or raise (one’s hat) as a greeting or token of respect.

1) he had doffed tie and jacket and rolled up his shirtsleeves. 2) the manager tdoffed his cap to her.

doff
/däf/

86

n. a feeling of guilt or moral scruple that follows the doing of something bad; a pricking of the conscience

1) spend the money without compunction. 2) he had no compunction about behaving blasphemously,

compunction
/kəmˈpəNG(k)SHən/

87

adj. bad-tempered and unfriendly

Surly supercilious clerk; We were served by a very surly waiter. 

surly
/ˈsərlē/

88

adj. behaving or looking as though one thinks one is superior to others

Surly supercilious clerk; He spoke in a haughty, supercilious voice. 

supercilious
/ˌso͞opərˈsilēəs/

89

v. 1) Set down heavily or carelessly. 2) Sit down heavily and without ceremony. 3) play on a musical instrument laboriously or unskillfully.
n. a sound as of something being set down heavily

1) plonk the four passports. 2) he plonked himself down on the sofa. 3) people plonking around on expensive instruments.

plonk
/pläNGk/

90

adj. Rash; ill-judged

a harebrained scheme; talk out of the harebrained idea. 

harebrained
/ˈhe(ə)rˌbrānd/

91

adj. 1) (esp. of a person or their appearance) Messy and dirty. 2) (esp. of a person or action) Careless; excessively casual

1) slovenly waitress; he was upbraided (find fault with so) for his slovenly appearance. 2) the effects are apparent in many countries, improvident (not having or showing foresight) habits, slovenly systems of agriculture, sluggish methods of commerce.

slovenly
/ˈsləvənlē/

92

adj. 1) (of a person's voice or other sound) Imposingly deep and full. 2) capable of producing a deep or ringing sound

Sonorous grand piano. 

sonorous
/ˈsänərəs/

93

v. Ask (someone) repeatedly and annoyingly for something; pester

journalists badgered him about the deals;  Tom had finally badgered her into going.

badger
/ˈbajər/

94

v. 1. refuse to accept or be associated with 2. (chiefly Law) refuse to fulfil (an obligation) 3. deny the truth or validity of

1. Freud repudiated every one of his nonjewish followers. 2. breach of a condition gives the other party the right to repudiate a contract. 3. the minister repudiated allegations of human rights abuses

repudiate
/riˈpyo͞odēˌāt/

95

n. the promotion of unproven or fraudulent medical practices (quack: 庸醫)

Freud, a prominent but non-medical Viennese analyst, was charged with 'quackery' (to medicine).

quackery

96

n. 1. an instance of declining to vote for or against a proposal or motion. (棄權) 2. [mass noun] restraint in one’s consumption; abstinence

1. a resolution passed by 126 votes to none, with six abstentions. 2. alcohol consumption versus abstention

abstention
/abˈstenCHən/

97

n. a person’s handwriting.

Spencerian hand or clerical curlicue

hand
/hand/

98

n. a decorative curl or twist in calligraphy or in the design of an object

Spencerian hand or clerical curlicue

Q image thumb

curlicue
/ˈkərlēˌkyo͞o/

99

adj. 1. not securely held or in position; dangerously likely to fall or collapse; 2.dependent on chance; uncertain

1. precariously held together by flower wire. 2. he made a precarious living as a painter

precarious
/priˈke(ə)rēəs/

100

n. a person who behaves badly or in a way that breaks the law; a heretic (adj. miscreant)

As I hurried over, the miscreant sat himself down directly above the bold 'DO NOT SIT ON'. 

miscreant
/ˈmiskrēənt/