Vocabulary 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocabulary 11 Deck (37):
1

n. thick, soft, wet mud or a similar viscous mixture of liquid and solid components, esp. the product of an industrial or refining process.; mud; mire; silt

the potatoes will turn into some kind of sweet sludge and help the sauce cover every strand [of pasta].

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sludge
/sləj/

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2

v.
1. aggressively greedy or grasping; predatory
2. taking by force; given to plundering

now I can tear my roman lettuce rapaciously apart. rapacious landlords.

rapacious
/rəˈpāSHəs/

3

v. (of a person) indulge in an unrestrained way in (something that creates a pleasurable sensation); to indulge oneself; luxuriate; revel

I really wallow in the pleasure of eating, and every single mouthful has got to be devilishly good.

wallow
/ˈwälō/

4

n. a large long-handled spoon with a cup-shaped bowl, used for serving soup, stew, or sauce.

v. serve (soup, stew, or sauce) with a ladle.
"to ladle up!"; she ladled out onion soup.

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ladle
/ˈlādl/

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5

n.
1. make (a hole) in something, esp. with a revolving tool.
2. hollow out (a tube or tunnel).
3. make one's way through (a crowd).

Anna Mouglalis’s Chanel, with her imperious carriage, deep voice and a hard gaze that could bore a hole into you

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bore
/bôr/

6

adj.
1. incongruous in a striking or shocking way; clashing.
2. causing a physical shock, jolt, or vibration.

Both the music and the recreated choreography convey the jarring impact of this invasion of disruptive sound and movement on a polite haute-bourgeois culture accustomed to Tchaikovsky’s romantic ballets.

 

jarring
/ˈjäriNG/

7

1. reluctant to give information owing to caution or suspicion.

When Catherine eventually confronts her hostess and asks if she feels any guilt, Chanel bluntly replies no. Stravinsky is cagier.

cagey
/ˈkājē/

8

a) A petty quarrel, esp. one between friends or lovers

b) (esp of two equally matched opponents) to become engaged in argument or battle

The emotional turning point comes during a little tiffa when their egos suddenly lock hornsb, and Stravinsky contemptuously dismisses Chanel’s profession as next to nothing compared to his.

a) tiff

b) lock horns

9

adj. without money; penniless

a relationship that begins when the already successful Chanel invites the still impecunious Stravinsky and his family to stay in her villa outside Paris. 

impecunious
/ˌimpəˈkyo͞onēəs/

10

adj. (esp. of a residence or business establishment) small and elegant; small but elegant and tasteful
n. a jewel or trinket; something small and delicately worked.

Mecanoo joins a throng of architects who have recently used Birmingham's bijou heritage as an excuse to add a bit of bling.

bijou
/ˈbēZHo͞o/ 

11

n.
1. delicate ornamental tracery of twisted gold, silver, or other wire
2. any fanciful delicate ornamentation

Birmingham's new £189m library...towers 10 storeys above Centenary Square as a gigantic stack of boxes, wrapped in a filigree skin of metal loops.

tracery: 1. a delicate branching pattern. 2. ornamental stone openwork, typically in the upper part of a Gothic window.

 

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filigree
/ˈfiləˌgrē/

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12

n. an usu. large and specially designed entrance hall or other open area adjacent to the auditorium in a building; a repose area for spectators and venus, esp. before performance or during intermissions; sometimes it's corridor surrounding the main hall; where people can wait and meet each other (大門到主廳的隔間). 房屋玄關

The new library is linked by a generous open foyer to the neighbouring Repertory Theatre, also refurbished as part of the project.

see. vestibule; lobby; entrance hall; anteroom

 

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foyer
/ˈfoiər/

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13

n. a round building or room, esp. one with a dome.

Expansive open-plan floors are once again linked with weaving flights of escalators, only here they are suspended precipitously through dramatic interlocking rotundas.

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rotunda
/rōˈtəndə/

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14

n. an open-roofed entrance hall or central court in an ancient Roman house.

dramatic interlocking rotundas, which climb from the cavernous lending library terraces, up through floating rings of bookshelves, to the heavenly reaches of the light-flooded atrium above. 

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atrium
/ˈātrēəm/

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15

n. the outward signs, features, or objects associated with a particular situation, role, or thing.

“with all the sublime and supernatural trappings of the gothic romance”; the visible trappings of success

trappings

16

v. supersede and replace.

“a first-person narrator who is soon supplanted by another first-person narrator”

supplant
/səˈplant/

17

n. a thing that someone believes to be real but that exists only in their imagination.

“whether the apparitions are “real” or merely figments of the governess’s overheated imagination.”

figment
/ˈfigmənt/

18

v.
1. to insert or introduce (a comment, passage, etc) into (a conversation, text, etc); to insert between fixed points
2. to falsify or alter (a text, manuscript, etc) by the later addition of (material, esp spurious or valueless passages)
3. (intr) to make additions, interruptions, or insertions

“Little interpolated stories—anecdotes that one character tells another within the body of a narrative—change the pace of that narrative”

 

interpolate
/inˈtərpəˌlāt/

19

adj. relating to or denoting the writing of letters or literary works in the form of letters.

“Such works are actually closer to the epistolary form”

epistolary
/iˈpistəˌlerē/

20

v.
1. to request or use a power outside yourself, especially a law or a god, to help you when you want to improve a situation
2. to implore or beg (help, etc); to summon (a spirit) by incantation or charms
2. to make someone have a particular feeling or remember something; give rise to; to evoke; to conjure up

“The fact that the story takes place in the fifties...is cleverly established by the invocation of car models and movie stars”; police invokes the law of trespass; the sacred dance to invoke ancient gods.

 

invoke
/inˈvōk/

21

n. a string of beads used in praying

“the “beaded, black snake” of the rosary twined around the rearview mirror.”

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rosary
/ˈrōzərē/

22

adj. exposed to and absorbing light of short wavelength, e.g. x-ray or ultraviolet light, and immediately emitting light of longer wavelength, e.g. fluorescent labeling, fluorescent lamps. 螢光

** luminescence (not caused by heat): iridescent, fluoresent, phosphorescent VS. incandescence

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fluorescent
/ˌflo͝o(ə)ˈresənt/

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23

adj. emitting light without appreciable heat; having slower and longer re-emission time than fluorescence; ex: glow-in-the-dark toys and clock dials; different but commonly used to refer to bioluminescent.

“But we didn’t, not in the moonlight, or by the phosphorescent lanterns of lightning bugs”

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phosphorescent

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24

adj. lower in position.
n. ph. nether regions: =underworld

"the ballast is suspended from its nether end" ; “those Art Nouveau entrances to the Métro that seem to beckon to a nether region of vice and art”

nether
/ˈneT͟Hər/

25

n. food or provisions for human beings, typically as prepared for consumption; comestible(s); edible; victuals
v. provide with food or other stores.

* comestible: fit to be eaten; potable: fit to drink

tuck down her head and grumble a little over the victuals

 

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vitual
/ˈvitl/

26

vi. & vt. to dress or groom (oneself) with care; to spend time making minor adjustments to (one's hair, makeup, or clothes); preen. 精心打扮

It is just that I find men who dress up and primp a bit strange.

primp
/primp/

27

v. be an early indication or version of (something). syn: presage; foreshadow; herald; be a harbinger of

“And finally, the sentence prefigures the sudden plot turns and switches that will occur throughout the story”

prefigure
/prēˈfigyər/

 

28

v.
1. (vi & vt) vibrate or cause to vibrate or shake; rattle
2. (vt) to cause a painful or damaging shock through (sth, esp. a part of the body)
3. (vi, vt) to make or cause to make a harsh discordant sound
4. (vi, vt; often foll by on) to have an unpleasant, disturbing or painful effect (on the nerves, mind or senses, etc); shock
5. (vi) be incongruous in a striking or shocking way; clash

1. the explosion jarred several building; the window jarred in the frame. 2. he jarred his knees in training. 4.“The ground on which we are standing keeps shifting under our feet, jarring our sense of who the characters are”; a laugh that jarred on the ears. 5. the play's symbolism jarred with th erealism of its setting.

 

jar
/jär/

29

n. the quality of having strong moral principles; honesty and decency; confirmed integrity; uprightness; rectitude

“And yet we are constantly being told that the story is about virtue and probity

 

probity
/ˈprōbitē/

30

n. a period or state of inactivity or equilibrium.

“The sentence, which creates a kind of hush, a moment of stasis in the midst of the raging battle”

stasis
/ˈstāsis/

31

n. the handle of a weapon or tool, esp. a sword, dagger, or knife. (刀、劍、工具等的)柄

“He smashed the murderous brutes in the face with the hilt of his sword and made him reel back with the blood gushing from his mouth”

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hilt
/hilt/

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32

adj. saturated with liquid, esp. water; soaked through.

it's a running syrup that makes the cake deliciously soft and sodden.

sodden
/ˈsädn/

33

v. Attract the attention of and detain (someone) in conversation, typically against his or her will

Unfortunately, his fears were proven justified as a group of six armed men came out of nowhere and buttonholed them.

buttonhole
/ˈbətnˌhōl/

34

v.
1. (of a police officer or other official) pass the hands over (someone) in a search for hidden weapons, drugs, or other items.
2. (of an animal or person) skip or leap playfully; frolic

1. they started frisking us and said: 'Where's your money? Where's your drugs? 2. "this did not deter the foal (young horse) from frisking about"
 

frisk
/ frisk/

35

n. a brief encounter with someone or something unpleasant or notable.
"a brush with death"

Benedict Cumberbatch had his own brush with darkness and lived to tell the tale; a brush with death.  

brush with

36

n. an advertisement

We were like sitting ducks, adverts for—not prosperity, necessarily, but materialism.

advert
/ ˈadˌvərt/

37