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Flashcards in Week 1 Deck (31):
1

Biopychosocial Model

The study of biological processes, psychology and sociocultural factors in one model so that we cover all aspects of explaining human behaviour.

2

Critical Thinking

Curiosity and Skepticism when evaluating the claims of others, using our own assumptions and beliefs.

3

Hypothesis

A testable prediction that can be observed and measured.

4

Pseudoscience

Presented as science but no scientific thinking or testing/procedure.

Example: Astronomy

5

Psychology

Scientific study of

BEHAVIOUR
THOUGHT
EXPERIENCE

6

Scientific Literacy

1) Gathering knowledge
2) Explaining it
3) Using critical thinking
4) Applying the info

7

Scientific Method

Hypothesis
Testing
Confirm or Reject
Make a new hypothesis or modify
Confirm and Strengthen Theory
Use theory to make a prediction

8

Theory

Explanation for a broad range of observations.
Used to make new predictions.

9

Empiricism

Doctrine: Knowledge comes from experience.

10

Determinism

Doctrine: All events are governed by lawful, cause-and-effect relationships.

Ex: Do we have control over our own actions?

11

Zeitgeist

General set of beliefs during a particular time in history.

German translation "spirit of the times"

Used to explain why it took 1800's for psychology to be recognized as a worth while science.

12

Materialism

Belief that humans and other living things are ONLY composed of physical matter.

No self-conscious, no self-controlling soul.

13

Dualism

Belief that there are properties of humans that are not material.

Having a mind or soul separate from body.

14

Psychophysics

Study of the physical world vs. the mental representation of the physical world

1850 GUSTAV FECHNER

15

Clinical Psychology

Field of Psych that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders.

16

Phrenology

Belief that mental capacities and personalities could be measured by the contours, bumps and ridges on the surface of the brain

MID 1800's GALL & SPURZHEIM

17

Psychoanalysis

Approach that tries to explain how behaviour and personality are influenced by the unconscious processes.

1850-1900 SIGMUND FREUD

18

Nature vs Nurture

Inquiry into how hereditary (nature) and environment (nurture) influence behaviour and mental processes.

1885 GALTON & eugenics (good genes) belief that only white intelligent gene pools should be procreating.

19

Structuralism

Attempt to analyze conscious experience by breaking it up into parts and understanding how the parts work together.

1979 WILHELM WUNDT / TITCHENER

20

Functionalism

Study of purpose and function of behaviour and conscious experience.

Influenced by Darwin's theory of evolution.

1890 WILLIAM JAMES

21

Behaviourism

Study of 20th century psychology that only looked at observable behaviour. No mental events or instincts that may influence behaviour.

1900's TWITMEYER

22

Humanistic Psychology

Focuses on the unique aspects of each individual human, each person's freedom to act on his own rationale and the belief that humans are fundamentally different than other animals.

1950 CARL ROGERS / ABRAHAM MASLOW

23

Cognitive Psychology

Focuses on memory, thinking, language. Rigorous experimentation is needed so we can infer what mental processes are occurring.

24

Gestalt Psychology

Focuses on the WHOLE of perception and experience rather than it's parts.

German translation: complete form of an object

25

Applied Psychology

Using psychological knowledge to address problems and issues in various settings
law
education
business
clinical psych

26

Psychiatry

Branch of medicine that concerns the treatment of mental and behavioural disorders.

A Medical Doctor.

27

Forensic Psychology

Work in the criminal justice system including interactions with the legal system and it's professionals.

Think: The Departed lady

28

School Psychology

Working with students who have special needs
emotional
academic
social problems.

29

Health Psychology aka Behavioural Medicine

Studying of how individual, biological, environmental factors affect physical health.

30

I/O Psychology

Industrial / Organizational

Work for a business or organization to improve employee productivity or the organizational structure of the business.

31

Human Factor Psychology

Study of how people react with physical space or products. Human to computer interaction to develop user friendly interfaces.