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Flashcards in Week 5 Deck (34):
1

Psychoactive Substance

Chemical that acts on the central nervous system where it affects brain function - altering an individuals emotions, perceptions or thoughts

- cocaine, heroine, amphetamines, nicotine, caffeine, alcohol, prescription
- paint thinner, fuel, antifreeze if intentionally consumed for euphoria

2

Substance Use Disorders

Category of Substance-Related Disorder

- Substance Dependence
- Substance Abuse

3

Substance Induced Disorders

Category of Substance-Related Disorder

- Substance Intoxication
- Substance Withdrawal

Temporary states, in order to receive this diagnosis, the individual must be in these temporary states during assessment

Must be experiencing CLINICALLY SIGNIFICANT harmful/negative behavioural effects or psychological effects.

4

Substance Dependence

Within SUB-USE DISORDERS

repeated pattern of use resulting in
- tolerance
- withdraw
- cravings
- want to "cut back" but can't

5

Substance Abuse

Within SUB-USE DISORDERS

Must meet 1 of the 4 criteria:

-Repeated use is causing MISSING important obligations - skipping school, missing work

-Repeated use is putting individual in dangerous situations - drinking & driving

- Repeated use is causing legal problems - possession or arrested for public intoxication

- Continued use is causing problems in personal relationships - maybe about the frequency of use

6

Substance Intoxication

Within the SUB-INDUCED DISORDERS

Experiencing clinically significant harmful/negative behavioural changes or psychological effects while under the influence of psychoactive drugs.F

7

Substance Withdrawal

Within the SUB-INDUCED DISORDERS

Experiencing clinically significant harmful/negative behavioural changes or psychological effects due to recently stopping the prolonged use of psychoactive drugs.

8

Schizophrenia Symptoms POSITIVE

Positive = presence

you get something from the disease

So Positive Symptoms is over-functioning (excess or distortion) of a normal function

-delusions
-hallucinations
-unwanted thoughts
-disorganized catatonic behaviour

9

Schizophrenia Symptoms NEGATIVE

Negative = absence

you lose something from the disease

So Negative Symptoms is loss of function (diminution) of a normal function

-flattened affect
-slow speech
-slow movement

10

Schizophrenia

- a psychological disorder
- symptoms lasting 6 months
- 1 month of active phase symptom
- 5 different types of schizophrenia
- must have 2 of these following symptoms

symptoms are:
- hallucinations
- delusions
- disorganized speech
- grossly disorganized or catatonic behaviour
- negative symptoms (flattened affect - slow speech & movement)

11

Exception to the rule of 2 symptoms

- bizarre delusions
- commentary of life hallucinations
- 2 or more voices conversing

12

Schizophreniform Disorder

Type of Schizophrenia
- experiencing symptoms of schizophrenia
- lasting 1-6 months only

13

Schizoaffective Disorder

Type of Schizophrenia
- experiencing symptoms of schizophrenia
- while also experiencing a mood episode (major depression)

14

Symptom: Catatonic Behaviour

Neurological motor control not functioning
- individual may sit still not moving for a long period of time

15

Symptom: Bizarre Delusions

Classified as delusions that are not possible of actually happening
- thinking you are Jesus Christ
- thinking you have control over others' thoughts

16

Other Psychotic Disorders

- Delusional Disorder
- Brief Psychotic Disorder
- Shared Psychotic Disorder
- Substance Induced Disorder

17

Delusional Disorder

Experiencing non bizarre delusions

18

Brief Psychotic Disorder

Symptoms of psychotic episodes lasting from 1 day-1 month

19

Shared Psychotic Disorder

When someone you are close to is affected my psychotic disorder and you start experiencing psychotic episode symptoms.

20

Substance Induced Disorder

The psychoactive symptoms are a direct result of taking psychoactive drugs or exposure to a toxin.

21

Diathesis

An individual's vulnerability, tendency or predisposition.

22

Mood Disorders

- Major Depression Disorder
- Dysthymic Disorder
- Bipolar I Disorder
- Bipolar II Disorder
- Cyclothymic Disorder

23

Major Depression Disorder

- intense depressed mood
- loss of enjoyment of activities
- lasting at least 2 weeks
- has at least 4 severe symptoms

severe symptoms are:
- suicidality
- sleep disturbance
- appetite disturbance
- loss of concentration
- loss of energy
- worthlessness

24

Dysthymic Disorder

- chronic depressed mood
- lasting at least 2 years
- no severe symptoms (so not major depression)

25

Bipolar I Disorder - Manic Episode

Period of abnormally "elevated" behaviour lasting at least one week and has 3 of either
- feelings of grandiosity
- decreased need for sleep
- racing thoughts
- pressured speech (rapid, loud, chatty)

26

Bipolar I Disorder

A manic episode alternated with a major depressive episode
( at least 1 manic : 1 depressive)

OR

Mixed episodes: mood rapidly fluctuates between periods of sadness and euphoria

27

Bipolar II Disorder - Hypomanic Episode

Period of abnormal "elevated" behaviour lasting 4 days or less ONLY and has 3 of either
- feelings of grandiosity
- decreased need for sleep
- racing thoughts
-pressured speech (loud, rapid and chatty)

28

Bipolar II Disorder

A hypomanic episode alternated with a major depressive episode (at least 1:1)

29

Cyclothymic Disorder

- at least 2 years of cycling between mild manic episodes and mild depression.

Hypomania & depression back and forth instead of full blown mania and full blown major depression.

Do not experience hypomania severely enough to be considered a manic episode.

30

Double Depression

Dysthymia is less severe than major depressive disorder but much more chronic. If you experience a period of major depression while you have dysthymia disorder it is known as double depression.

31

(SAD) Seasonal Affective Disorder

In the northern hemisphere this occurs during DEC-MAR winter months.
- sleep too much
- eat too much
- problems with the biological clock/circadian rhythms

Serotonin may be responsible since it regulates sleep cycles, appetite and energy.

32

Cognitive-Behavioral contributions to depression

Negative attitude/outlook on life may not be only a symptom, it may also be one of the causes.

33

Hallucinations

False perceptions of reality (hearing/seeing voices/people)

34

Delusions

False beliefs about reality.