Flashcards in Week 1 Deck (18):
Why so long to start studying film?
Bias against popular genres.
Music is subordinate in multimedia
Practical issues of how do you study, access to documents.
How do film composers compose? Collaborative setting
Beneath twelve mile wraeth, Herman listening. 1950
Jerry goldsmith, 1960 high modernist
Sound effects and dialogue
Privilege ear over eye.
Live music, misleading name.
1895-1927 (Rick Altman, great reference)
Cine kinetics, graphs movement,
Writing in movement, from writing with light (photography.)
--novelty is machine.
France, les frere lumiere
Arrival of train film.
Special premiere, exciting to view new technology.
Bio scope, in Germany.
All want patents,
Earliest business, small firms, exhibit, urban working clSs audience would go where, like kids coin toys.
Travelling show. Variety show spectacle.
Music would be part of it. Esp in theatre
precursors of film
Theatrical voice piano etc.
Optical : not live but mechanical
Ex. Magic lantern, spin slides, lightbulb.
Shadow plays, slide lecture
All add music.
3 types of music
Sometimes, phonograph or synchronized sound.
Type and match imp.
1. Standard light background music, no correspondence
2. Compilation of classical and pop, stock emotional responses/meaning, more corresponding, ex. Lullaby very general
3. Commissioned original score, (RARE) could be closely corresponded.
Cultural aspect that create shift to silent film
More production, greater demande, start of film theaters.
Near nickelodeon set up, with pianist.
Industrial mass production,
Move towards stories, something ppl can identify with more! Narrative 1910. Film industry established, fewer smLl independant companies. attractions to stories. Variety towards feature exhibition, itself, short to long viewing
Pianos extensive. Organs, sometimes complex. Dj type thing, phonoaph but not as common. Percussion, maybe noise maker too.
Fats Waller, Carl starling bugs bunny tunes guy, did piano.
Some cities had high end, "palace" exotic neoclassical. Architecture. Dedicated to film expends. Later silent era. More money involved. Critics, professionals etc. better accompaniment, puns title, sad title happy music played. Led to standardization of music accomp. Led to cue sheets. Anthologies,
Oh neat can flip to the right mood.
Most famous anthologies,
Fox movies made Sam fox.
See trends review sheet, great resource from first class summary
Ok looked at? ...
Two ways film makers standardized music
Like Sam fox or Rappe motion picture moods
In this period for musicians, different later on.
Late period leads to commissioned scores
How to make music the right fit for the film. Standardize 4 ways.
Late period standardize film music treatment. Imp.
1. Continuous music
2. General kind of correspondence with mood of story
3. Selective times when you catch sounds, selective diagetic (narrative, digesis) fidelity
4. Motives, from opera, communicates and unify's leitmotive
Historically important scores, see handout!
Saint Saenz, assassination of the duke, first original film score that still exists.
First famous score 1915, breil
Theif of Bandad live music example.
Birth of a nation huge risk
By dw griffiths
Large budget for composed music.
Technical film. Editing , distance, continuity sense
camera work, editing technique and many perspectives. Imp.
Content, darn civil war
Based on novel, clansman,
2$ a ticket huge success, due to music ppl said.
B nation score
Continuous three hours long. Match complicated story.
Powerful, well I tested, corresponded nicely.
1. Compilation score,
2. Create original score, breil,
Only had six weeks
Therefore not all original,
List in reading of precomposed music used,
60 pice orchestra went on tour.
Major achievement in. Compilation score.
Unified leitmotives, thinking like overa. Grandiose or simple flowing
Not first original score, but first FAMOUS movie score. For power and ambition inspired long original scores.