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Flashcards in week 2 Deck (11):


- phenotyic behavioral trait
-> observce actions only through behaviours

- the acuired repertoire of all cognitive skills and knowledge available to a person at a particular point in time

-> stored and retrieved by organism and manifests in behaviours

- there are both genetic and environmental determinants


correlates of intelligence

- intelligence scores exhibit a modest degree of correlation among relatives
-> closer relatives, stronger the correlations


problems of intelligence

-> influenced by the genetic shoot that produces it

-> development occurs differently, as changing environments

-> opportunity is not equal amount subgroups / individuals


personality traits

- distinguishing personal characteristics

- stable characteristic
- cardinal, central and secondary



- a combination of traits that classifies an individuals behaviour


traits of personality dimension

O - openness to experience
-> degree of intellectual curiousity

C - conscientiousness
-> tendency to show self-discipline, act dutifully, aim for achievement

E - Extraversion
-> energy, positive emotions,

A - Agreeableness
-> tendency to be compassionate and co-operative rather than suspicsious and antagonistic

N - Neuroticism
-> tendency to experience unpleasant emotions easily


predictive power

- only conscientiousness is reliably related to job performance and training performance

- emotional stability

- openness to experience and extroversion related to training but not job performance


meyers briggs type inventory

ETSP's solve problems take action etc.
-> often prefer to work with practical organizational issues

-> reliability
-> predictive validity


describe personality and discuss how the big 5 personality dimensions and 4 mbti types relate to individual behaviour in organisations

-> enduring pattern of thoughts, emotions and behaviours that characterise a person

-> broad concepts
-> allow us to label and understand individual differences

- personality is developed through nature and nurture

- big 5 is ...



summarise schwartz' model of individual values and discuss the conditions in which values influence behaviour

-> what we ought to do
-> opposed to another
-> socilaization

personality traits
-> what we tend to do
-> do not oppose another
-> more innate

Schwartz's model
-> 57 values into a circumplex of 10 dimensions along 2 bipolar dimensions

- values influence behaviour when the situation facilitates that connection


international values

- hofstede 1970

- surveyed more than 116000 IBM employees in 40 countries

- hofstede's framework

-> power distance
--> valuing unequal distribution of power

-> individualism vs collectivism
--> valuing independence and personal uniqueness

-> masculinity vs femininity
--> material vs friendships

-> uncertainty avoidance
--> tolerating or feeling threatened by ambiguity and uncertainty

-> long-term vs. short-term orientation