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Flashcards in week 5 Deck (13):
1

motivation

- process that account for an individuals intensity, direction, and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal

2

intrinsic motivation

- due to internal factors
- self-desire to seek out new things and challenges

- to observe and gain knowledge

- driven by interest / enjoyment

3

extrinsic motivation

- external factors

- driven by rewards

- performance of an activity in order to attain a desired outcome

4

maslows hierarchy of needs

- self actualization
-> a person's motivation to reach his or her full potential

-> shown in his pyramid, basic needs must be met before self actualization can be achieved

5

mcclellands achievement motivation theory

- motivation is a function for fulfillment of 3 needs

-> need for achievement
-> need for power
(excert control)
-> need for affiliation
(need to be liked)

- subconscious
- measuring is hard

6

contemporary theories of emotion

goal setting theory
-> tell employee what needs to be done and effort needed
-> increase performance
-> feedback = higher performance
-> specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, timebound


7

goal pursuit

- promotion focus
-> strive for advancement and accomplishment

- prevention focus
-> fulfill duties and obligations and avoid conditions that pull them away from goals

8

unethical behaviour

- ethics and goal setting

- schweitzer
-> unmet goals = likely to engage in unethical behaviour
-> forgo mastering tasks and adopt avoidance so we dont look bad

9

self efficacy theory

- individuals belief that he/she is capable of performing a task

- enactive mastery
->gaining relevant exp. with the task

- vicarious modelling
-> becoming more confident because u see someone else doing it

- verbal persuasion
-> confident because someone convinces him that he has the skills

- arousal
-> energized state driving person to complete task

10

reinforcement theory

- behaviour is motivated by its consequences

reinforcement
-> anything that increases likelihood of repetition of behaviour
-> positive = presenting stimulus after response
-> negative = removing neg stimulus after response

3 schedules
- continuous
-> every time its emitted
- ratio
-> after set number
- interval
-> after a set time

punishment
-> decreases likelihood of repetition of behaviour
-> inefficient, tells you what not to do but not what to do

ratio > interval
variable > fixed

11

adams equity theory

- employees are motivated by desire to be treated fairly

- social exchange b/w org and employee

- involves comparison with
-> co-workers
-> people with same job,
-> ones own past exp. at same/ diff job

- equity perceived, motivation is high and performance steady

- not perceived, diverted motivation to restoring equity

12

vroom's expectancy theory

- assumes employees are rational and that their behaviour is guided by cost-benefit analysis

3 components
- expectancy
-> relationship between effort and performance
-> capable of performing their work

- instrumentality
-> relationship between performance and outcome
-> efforts result in certain outcome

- valence
-> degree to which outcome is desirable to an indvidual

13

self - determination theory

- people prefer to feel they have control over their actions

- addition to being driven by need for autonomy, people seek ways to achieve competence and positive connections to others

- rewards
-> motivation
-> shows good performance
-> encourage behaviour
-> show low performers they need to improve

-> rewarded tend to be repeated
-> primarily in response to something apart from work itself
-> neg. influence on intrinsic interest

- choose job for reasons other than extrinsic rewards

- provide intrinsic as well as extrinsic incentives for wokers