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Flashcards in Week 7 Notes Deck (36):
1

Name caviomorph rodents

Guinea Pigs

Chinchillas

2

Define elodont teeth

Continuously growing teeth (have open root apices)

3

Dental formula for caviomorph

2(I 1/1, C0/0, P 1/1, M 3/3) = 20

4

Guinea Pig skull picture

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5

Guinea Pig skull

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6

Chinchilla skull

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7

Name murine rodents

Rats

Mice

Hamster

Gerbils

8

Murine rodents have what kind of teeth?

Elodont incisors

Brachydont molars

9

Define brachydont teeth

Teeth do not continuously grow

Have true anatomical roots with short crowns

10

Dental formula for murine

2(I 1/1, C 0/0, P 0/0, M 3/3) = 16

11

Hamster skull

A image thumb
12

Common problems of murine and caviomorph rodents

Malocclusions

Abscesses

Cheek pouch infections and stomatitis in hamsters

Loose teeth

Oral tumors

13

What are lagomorphs?

Rabbits

Have no true anatomical roots (elodonts)

Incisors and cheek teeth separated by diastema

Rabbit teeth need to be rasped and incisors trimmed occassionally

14

How many maxillary incisors does a rabbit have?

4

- 2 anterior (cranial/rostral)

- 2 posterior (caudal) also known as peg teeth

15

Dental formula for lagomorph

2(I 2/1, C 0/0, P 3/2, M 3/3) = 28

16

Common URI in rabbits

What is it called?

What causes it?

How do you treat it?

"Snuffles"

Caused by Pasteurella spp or Staphylococcus spp

Enrofloxacin (Baytril) antibiotic for life

17

Rabbit skull

Perinasal sinus (trabeculated, spongey appearance)

Very prone to sinus infections

A image thumb
18

Common problems for lagomorphs

Viral papillomas (warts)

Points/Hooks

Tooth elongations

Fractures

Oral tumors

Malocclusions

19

Rabbit spurs

Spurs are like hooks in a horse's mouth

Occur due to uneven wear and due to the teeth growing continuously

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20

Malocclusion in rabbit

Cannot be corrected by bunny himself

Needs to be seen by vet

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21

Tooth elongation in rabbit

Lower incisors displaced rostrally

Use high speed drill to cut teeth off smoothly

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22

Rabbit dental work

Electric drill w/extension set on it

Speculums are needed to open mouth

Has to have "spoons" on it to keep the cheek pouches from caving in

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23

Ferrets

Carnivores

Diphodonts

Dentition resembles the cat

Constantly active and into things (like to explore w/their mouths)

Carbs promote tartar buildup

24

Define diphodont

Decidiuous, followed by permanent teeth

25

Dental formula for ferrets

2(I 3/3, C 1/1, P 3/3, M 1/2) = 34

26

Common problems for ferrets

Fractured teeth

Periodontal disease

27

Ferret skull

A image thumb
28

Moderate gingivitis in a ferret

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29

Anesthesia of the exotic patient

Do Not Fast!!! (risk of hypoglycemia due to higher metabolism)

Give sugar post op

IVC - cephalic

PA - hydromorphone, midazolam, ketamine, glycopyrrolate

Induction - Chamber/Mask, Intubate (rabbits)

(Sevo is most commonly used in exotic practices)

Maintenance

30

Tools of the trade for the exotic patient

Rodent incisor luxator

Rodent molar/premolar luxator

Rabbit luxator

Extraction forceps

High and low speed burs

Otoscope (most commonly used)

All equipment used on small animals for the ferret

Radiograph equipment

31

Nasal tube for anesthetic maintenance in a rabbit

No need to intubate trachea

Red, rubber flexible tube

Verify proper placement by instilling air and feeling esophagus at same time for fluttering

Aspirate - if negative pressure = esophageal intubation (esophagus closes around tube and creates negative pressure)

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32

Intubated rabbit

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33

Ferret anesthesia

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34

Lateral dental radiograph of rabbit w/normal occlusion

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35

Right lateral oblique radiograph of a rabbit skull with a large soft tissue odontogenic abscess (yellow line) associated with premolar 1 (PM1).

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36

Normal skull radiographs in a rabbit

a: lateral view

b: oblique view

c: dorsoventral view

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