Wray- Test Review #3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Wray- Test Review #3 Deck (56):
1

Which of the following statements is not true?
a. Another name for larynx is throat
b. Saliva is mostly made of water and many enzymes
c. epiglottis controls what enters the digestiev and respiratory system
d. both a and b
e. both b and c

a. Another name for larynx is throat

2

What organ is located on the left side of the abdominal cavity, underneath the diaphragm?

Stomach

3

Humans can survive without which organ in their body?
a. liver
b. pancreas
c. gall bladder
d. both a and b
e. both b and c

c. gall bladder

4

True/False: High levels of stress is a major factor in development of ulcers

False

5

Pancreatic juices contain which of the following enzymes.
a. amylase
b. lipase
c. trypsin
d. nucleases
e. all of these

e. all of these

6

Which of the following blood vessels bring nutrient rich blood from the digestive system to the liver?
a. Hepatic portal vein
b. Hepatic portal artery
c. Hepatic artery
d. Central vein

a. Hepatic portal vein

7

Which of the following statements is not true about the digestive system?
a. There is an increase in production of amylase following the consumption of pasts
b. Bile production is limited after the consumption of fatty foods
c. There would be an increase in production of lipase following the consumption of a fatty food
d. Nucleases help with the digestions of DNA and RNA
e. Both a and c

b. Bile production is limited after the consumption of a fatty acid

8

True/False: Saliva is made of water, ions and enzymes

true

9

Which of the following enzymes can withstand an acidic environment?

pepsin

10

Breakdown of carbohydrates starts in the small intestine

false

11

A film of sugar and bacteria that is formed on the surface of the teeth is known as ________

d. plaque

12

Cecum is a component of ___________

b. the large intestine

13

Food absorption is associated with which part of the digestive system?

Ileum & Jejunum

14

The organ responsible for storage of concentrated bile

gallbladder

15

__________ controls the amount of food that enters from the stomach to the small intestine

pyloric sphincter

16

Which of the following lists the route food takes through the body?

Mouth --> pharynx --> esophagus --> stomach --> small intestine --> large intestine

17

Connective tissue containing blood vessels in the teeth is known as

Pulp Cavity

18

Which of the following structures is the first part of the large intestine?

Cecum

19

True/False: During expiration, lung pressure is higher compared to the outside environment

True

20

Which of the following describes the order of the respiratory system

Nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs

21

True/False: During inhalation and exhalation are steps associated with ____________

pulmonary ventilation

22

What structure keeps the larynx and trachea open at all times?

Hyaline cartilage (C-rings)

23

During inspiration, lung volume _______ and pressure ________

increases; decreases

24

True/False: During inhalation, the diaphragm contracts

True

25

What is the name of the layer that surrounds the lungs connecting the lungs to the thoracic cavity

Parietal pleura

26

Air entering alveoli is _______ in CO2 and _______ O2

Low/High

27

During expiration intercostal muscles __________ which results in a __________ in thoracic volume

Relax/decrease

28

Which of the following disease is the result of pollution and/or smoking?

Emphysema

29

True/False: Blood circulating the arteries appear bright red.

True

30

Tidal volume for an adult male is about _____ mL

500 mL

31

True/False: The left lung is smaller than the right lung

True

32

External respiration is exchange of gas between _______ and _______

Lungs/blood

33

Inflammation of air sacs of in the lungs is known as _____________

pneumonia

34

Air inhaled forcefully into lungs after normal breathing is known as ________.

inspiratory reserve volume

35

True/False: Lung collapse is result of collection of air in the pleural cavity

True

36

Structure of the respiratory system rich in blood vessels and responsible for moistening the air and trapping bacteria

Nose

37

Tissue of the body are ______ in O2 and ______ in CO2

low; high

38

Which blood vessel brings blood to each individual nephron?

afferent arteriole

39

The capillary bed around the nephron tubules is referred to as

Peritubular

40

Which of the following statements is not true about nephrons
a. nephrons are the structural and functional unit of the kidney
b. Collecting ducts of the nephrons directly empties into renal pelvis
c. Nephrons are responsible for the production of urine in the body
d. Both a and b
e. None of the above

b. Collecting ducts of the nephrons directly empties into renal pelvis

41

Consider you just consumed a large volume of lemonade. how does such a drink affect your urine?

a. Production of acidic urine

42

Which of the statements is true about UTIs?
a. Since women have longer a urethra they are a higher risk of developing UTI
b. It could only affect kidney and urethra
c. It most commonly causes infection in the ureter and bladder
d. Both a and c
e. None of the above

c. It most commonly causes infection in the ureter and bladder

43

Which of the following areas in the body has a high concentration potassium?
a. ICF
b. ECF
c. Plasma
d. Both a and c
e. Both b and c

b. ECF

44

True/False: Kidney stones are crystal salts and minerals and that adhere together, forming a solid structure.

True

45

Which of the following statement is not true
a. thirst response is created by the thalamus
b. Increase in solute concentration can create a thirst response in the body
c. Increase in blood volume creates the thirst response
d. Both a and b
e. Both a and c

e. Both a and c

46

Antidiuretic hormone is released by _______

posterior pituitary

47

Which of the following statements is not true about water/electrolytes regulation in the body?
a. aldosterone is released when blood pressure is low
d. adrenal gland is responsible for production of aldosterone
c. aldosterone affect the DCT and collecting ducts of nephrons
d. Aldosterone help with the absorption of sodium and water from the nephron
e. none of the above

e. none of the above

48

Which of the following statement is correct?
a. in the case of acidosis, more of the carbonic acid is converted to bicarbonate to return pH balance
b. In the case of alkalosis, more of the carbonic acid is converted to bicarbonate to return pH balance
c. In case of acidosis, levels of hydrogen ion is drastically low
d. Both a and c
e. Both b and c

b. In the case of alkalosis, more of the carbonic acid is converted to bicarbonate to return pH balance

49

Your body has been dealing which acidosis for a while. Which of the systems discussed would be most effective in reestablishing homeostasis?

c. Renal system

50

What is the route urine takes as it passes through the urinary system?

Kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra

51

What is the acceptable range for blood pH

7.35 - 7.45

52

Fluid that enter the PCT is known as _______

Filtrate

53

True/False: Secretion is tubular filtration components is not part of the filtrate?

True

54

Which of the following components is not part of the filtrate?
a. Water
b. Bicarbonate
c. Proteins
d. Blood
e. None of the above

c. Proteins

55

Which of the following blood vessels becomes the peritubular network?
a. Renal artery
b. Renal vein
c. Afferent arteriole
d. Efferent arteriole
e. Vesa recta

d. Efferent arteriole

56

Blood pH of 7.5 represent _______ concentration of hydrogen ions and is known as ________

low; alkolosis