06_ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY Flashcards Preview

NAVEDTRA 14295B HOSPITAL CORPSMAN > 06_ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY > Flashcards

Flashcards in 06_ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY Deck (147)
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121

3 Functions of saliva?

Keep mouth lining moist
Bond food to assist in swallowing
Cleaning agent

122

Amount of saliva produced daily?

2-3 pints

123

3 major salivary glands?

Sublingual
Submandibular
Parotid (inside cheek @ maxillary 2nd molar)

124

Swallowing

Deglutition

125

3 phases of deglutition?

1) mastication/swallowing
2) food through pharynx into esophagus
3) food passing into stomach

126

Muscles that rotate the head left/right when used individually, up/down when used together.

Sternocleidomastoid

127

Muscles that cover approx 1/3 of back and raise/lower shoulders?

Trapezius

128

Insertion point of Pectoralis Major?

Tubercle of the humerus

129

The SITE OF CHOICE for intramuscular injections?

Gluteus maximus

130

How many muscles make up the quadriceps?

Adductor longus

131

Biceps Femoris?

Hamstring

132

*** Longest muscle in the body?

Sartorius

133

Calf muscles?

Gastrocnemius & Soleus

134

Floor of the thoracic cavity and ceiling of abdominal cavity?

It has how many opening for the passage of blood vessels?

Diaphragm, 3

135

Average adult has how many liters of blood?

5-6

136

Plasma is what % of whole blood (plasma & cells)

55

137

Plasma is a clear, slightly alkaline, straw colored liquid consisting of
____ % water?

Approx 92%

138

Protein that contributes to coagulation?

Fibrinogen

139

Blood cells suspended in plasma constitute __% of whole blood?

45

140

When blood components are separated, the WBCs and platelets form a thin layer called?

buffy coat

141

Small, biconcave, non-nucleated disks formed in the read bone marrow?

RBCs (Erythrocytes)

142

Blood of an average man contains how many red cells per cubic millimeter?

5 million

143

May cause an increase in RBCs?

Emotional stress
Strenuous exercise
High altitudes

144

Key of RBCs ability to carry oxygen & carbon dioxide?

Hemoglobin

145

Main function of erythrocytes?

Transport respiratory gases

146

Dark red (venous) blood is the result of?

hemoglobin combining with carbon dioxide

147

Proximal

Nearest to the point of origin