Flashcards in 1- The Chemical Nature of the Cell ✅ Deck (122)
The monomer of proteins
There are 20 different types
A molecule containing both hypertonic and hypotonic parts.
Commonly found in proteins
A atom that has been oxidised and there for has a positive charge
The smallest function unit of molecules
A image produced by radios of a substance on to another substance
An organism that synthesises its own food
Beta pleated sheet
A secondary structure of a protein that is a corrugated line of a polypeptide
The science of collecting an analysing complex biological data
When a shape of a particular molecule is such that it can Carr out its biological function
The molecules that comprise all living organisms.
There are four: Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic acids
A solution of a weak acid or base and its salt threat tends to keep its pH constant
A Biomolecule that is a ring of carbons with sub structures.
It follows the general ratio of C1H2O1 (C6H12O6)
An atom that has been reduced and therefore has a negative charge
The smallest functioning unit of a living being
The electrostatic attraction that exists between two or more atoms.
An organism that obtains its energy front he oxidation of chemicals
A lipid molecule that resides in the phospholipid bilayer and has the purpose of increasing rigidity and flexibility of the membrane
Combinations of different elements and atoms with chemical bonds
The process of Biomolecules to join and release a water molecule in the process.
Lipids only do this when combining fatty acids with glycerol
The shape of a molecule that is determined by the three dimensional arrangement of its atoms and bonds; a molecule of water is eliminated when to monomers are bonded together
Electrochemical attraction that exists between to elements/atoms that share electrons.
The secondary structure of the protein that is a coiling feature
A process of proteins when put under harsh conditions they will change their shape and loose their purpose.
The conditions can be high temp or change of pH
A carbohydrate with two sugars attached to it
A covalent bond containing two sulfur atoms that cross link.
It is Aprt of tertiary structures of proteins
The coding molecule that forms in a double helix structure of nucleotides.
It is composed of the four nitrogenous bases ATCG (Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine)
Some sort of substance containing ions that can carry a charge
The subunit of the atom that orbits the nucleus and is the main component in bonding
An atom with a certain amount to protons that defines it with certain chemical properties