5- Invaders ✅ Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 5- Invaders ✅ Deck (51)
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1

Bacteriophages

A type of virus that is parasitic towards bacteria

2

Binary fission

A type of cell division of prokaryotic where two daughter cells are formed from the parent cell

3

Chitin

A polysaccharide composed of glucose like units that contain nitrogen. Its structure is similar to cellulose

4

Commensalism

A form of symbiosis of two species where one is benefited and the other is uneffected

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Communicable

Able to be communicated from one organism to another

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Contagious

Able to be transferred by direct contact

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Ectoparasite

An parasite that lives on the outside of its host

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Endoparasite

A parasite that lives inside its host

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Encysted

To be enclosed in a cyst

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Endemic

A disease confided to a geographic region or population
A organism that is confined to a specific place or location

11

Endospore

A hard walled spore that forms with the original bacterial cell, not by budding off

12

Flagellum

Fine cellular projections form 20-100um in length on the surface of Protozoa, bacteria and sperm

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Gametocytes

Male or female sex cells

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Host

An organism from which a parasite derives its survival requirements such as nutrients, or shelter

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Immune

Term used to describe something that is not effected by something else

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Incubation period

The period of time after infection where the pathogen builds in strength before showing symptoms

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Infectious

An agent that can be transmitted from one organism to another

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Innate

Not learnt, inherently know

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Keratinised

To become scalely

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Lyses

To undergo lysis (cell poping)

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Merozoite

The daughter cell of a protozoan parasite

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Microorganism

Any organism that can be seen with a microscope

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Mortality

To do with death

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Mutualism

A form of symbiosis where both parties are benefitted in some way

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Mycelium

Fine thread like filaments of fungi that form a mass or ball

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Non-infectious

An agent that cannot be transmitted from one organism to another

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Obligate

Describes an organism that can only survive in another organism

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Outbreak

A sudden increase in the incidence of something, in this case, a disease causing pathogen

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Pandemic

Worldwide disease

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Pathogenicity

The disease causing capacity of a pathogen