Flashcards in 108 Airfield Familiarization Fundamentals Deck (30):
Define the term Aircraft Handling
General term that describes movement of aircraft or associated equipment.
State the vehicle speed limits on the flight line and around the aircraft.
15mph/ 5mph within 50 ft of aircraft.
State the maximum towing speed of an aircraft.
Only as fast as the slowest wing walker.
Name the 4 categories of tiedown requirements
Initial, intermediate, permanent, heavy weather
State the purpose of the emergency shore-based recovery equipment
Giant retractable tennis net-looking thing designed to go across a runway and snag the landing gear of a runaway aircraft. Kinda like a makeshift and very dangerous tailhook-arresting machine
State the purpose of the MA-1A overrun barrier
Exact same thing as the tennis-net thing. It stops runaway aircraft. Aircraft must have a nose-wheel to work properly
State the minimum personal protective equipment required on flight line and ramp area
Cranials, jersey, sound attenuators, goggles, flight deck shoes, flotation gear, survival light, whistle
Identify the safety hazards associated with Intakes
Don't get sucked in. Don't let anything on your person or in your immediate area get sucked in
Identify the safety hazards associated with Exhaust (engine and APU)
Exhaust is hot, make sure you don't get too close and get burned or thrown
Identify the safety hazards associated with Propellers
do not approach or depart an aircraft with propellers turning
Identify the safety hazards associated with Rotor blades
approach helo at the 3 or 9oclock position when the PCs wave you in, do not approach or depart while rotor are being engaged or disengaged
Identify the safety hazards associated with Hot Brakes
approach from fore or aft, never from the side
Explain the significance of Runway Numbering System
Numbered according to magnetic heading rounded to nearest 10 (140=14)
Explain the significance of Threshold Markings
200ft wide runway=10 stripes 12x150ft
Explain the significance of Airfield Lighting System
standardized system; responsibility of the tower
Explain the significance of Runway/Taxiway Marking System
Visual guidance; runways are lit by white lights,
taxiways have blue lights.
Explain the significance of Arm/De-arm Areas
Specific places, especially on a ship, where it is permissible to load ordnance onto a bird and activate the warheads
Explain the significance of Overrun Area
If an aircraft doesn't take off by the end of the runway it has a space to go where it won't hit anything and can slow down safely.
Explain the significance of Parking Apron
Parking Apron=aircraft parking lot.
Explain the significance of LOX exchange area
LOX-Liquid Oxygen. LOX Exchange Area is a place to service anything that needs liquid oxygen
Explain the significance of Crash and Rescue
Fire Department aboard a ship or stationed at an airfield. They respond to crashes
Explain the significance of Compass Calibration Pad
Magnetically quiet area so nothing interferes with the compass and it can be calibrated
Explain the purpose of a Wind Indicator
Gives a general idea of which direction and how hard wind is blowing
Explain the purpose of an Airfield Rotation Beacon
Below VFR it rotates at 12-15 flashes per minute
Explain the purpose of Tower Visual Communications
Uses lighting configurations in lieu of or in addition to radio voice commands
Explain the purpose of the TACAN system
Tactical Air Navigation-provides bearing and distance to a ground- or ship-borne station to provide reference for aircraft in the vicinity
Explain the purpose of ILS
Instrument Landing System-If an aircraft can't fly via visual indicators, it "shoots an approach" to a runway and the controlling authority "talks the pilot onto" the approach and subsequent landing.
Explain the purpose of VOR
Very High Frequency (VHF) Omnidirectional Range-Radio checkpoint to help an aircraft stay on course. about 3,000 in the world
Explain the purpose of GCA
Government Controlled Area-Authorized personnel only.