Flashcards in 114 Search and Rescue Fundamentals Deck (29):
Discuss and demonstrate the hand signal for Raise Hoist
Raised thumbs up
Discuss and demonstrate the hand signal for Stop Hoist
Raised clenched fist
Discuss and demonstrate the hand signal for Lower Hoist
Raised thumbs down over head
Discuss the use of the Rescue Strop
Over water, always goes down with the Rescue Hook to provide flotation for whatever gear is on the hook, or to be used at the swimmer's discretion. Typically for uninjured personnell.
Discuss the use of the High-Intensity Chemlights
6 general purpose -12 hours
Discuss the use of the Rescue Hook Chemlight Straps
3 in the SAR Curtain, used to illuminate the Rescue Hook and whatever equipment may be on it. Can be used to hang IV bags in the helo
Discuss the use of the MK 58 Smoke Flares
Long burner-about 45 minutes. Don't deploy this thing in a hover. Eruption of the second flame can go up to 50 feet. Dual candle, saltwater use, not resealable.
Discuss the use of the MK 25 Smoke Flares
Short burner-about 10-20 minutes. Don't deploy this thing in a hover either, because it could shoot a plastic cap high enough to impact the helo. Salt and fresh water, resealable.
Discuss the use of the Electrical Sea Marker Lights
Marine lights encased in PVC and powered by a giant 6V battery. Gravity activated (they flip over when entered into water). Use when there is expected fuel/oil in the water.
Discuss the use of the Rescue Seat
Has 2 seat flukes and is used to extract personnel from foliage and forestry that is too dense to land a helo.
Discuss the use of the Rescue Net
No longer in service, however, we still use the Rescue Basket. Typically made for 1 survivor. THERE IS NO SPECIFIC POINT TO ILLUMINATE THE BASKET WITH A CHEMLIGHT.
Discuss the use of the Quick Strop
A simpler quicker version of the Rescue Strop for direct deployment. Can be used in conjunction with the rescue strop for "double lifts"
Discuss Altitude as it pertains to SAR
Search areas and patterns, rescue hover, etc. Keep in mind that compressor stall could become an issue if you hover for too long. Be mindful of what your pilots are telling you
Discuss Color Contrast as it pertains to SAR
Finding your survivor. Look for their helmets, especially at night. Sea Dye Markers are awesome for this during the daytime. Eye fatigue becomes an issue after a little while so be mindful of that.
Discuss Communications as it pertains to SAR
Essential for the ease of locating the survivor and for conducting the SAR. ICS/PRC-149/Hand Signals/search light
Discuss Lighting Conditions as they pertain to SAR
Low light levels = NVDs. Be mindful of what time sunset is when you go on a mission.
Discuss Object of Search as it pertains to SAR
Know what you're looking for.
Discuss Sea State as it pertains to SAR
Douglas Sea State of 3 or above requires that the swimmer be lowered via hoist into the water. Heavy sea states in most areas are usually indications of bad weather.
Discuss Signaling Devices as they pertain to SAR
Locating the survivor. Some devices are ineffective at certain altitudes, and some are more effective at others
Discuss Weather as it pertains to SAR
Are you VFR? Can you legally do the mission? Weather can dramatically affect the safety of the crew and the mission.
Discuss Lookout Doctrine as it pertains to SAR
Pilots take the 2-10 o' clock lookout positions in the front, aircrew will take the back and provide overlapping FOV. Don't get fatigued. Switch every 60 minutes.
Discuss Wind/Water Chill Factor as it pertains to SAR
The SAR TACAID has a table listing wind chill and water chill and approximately how long a survivor has to live based on temperatures
Discuss Parachute Drift Distance as it pertains to SAR
The SAR TACAID has a table listing various altitudes and wind speeds to help determine approximately how far an ejection survivor will drift
Discuss the SAR Brief as it pertains to overwater SAR
4 B's: Buster, Bingo, Brief, Base... sea state, bingo, lost comms brief, ejected pilots? litter?
Discuss Crew Coordination as it pertains to overwater SAR
Make sure everyone knows who is the swimmer and the crewchief and make sure everyone is communicating effectively. If the swimmer is done dressing out, he will help the crewchief with either lookout procedures or cabin rigging
Discuss the Onscene Commander as he pertains to overwater SAR
OSC does not take part in the actual rescue. The OSC is there to relay information to appropriate authorities while the Rescue Unit is involved in the rescue itself.
Discuss the Rescue Unit as it pertains to overwater SAR
Primary SAR asset in the area. The OSC supervises and relays information as necessary so that the Rescue Unit can focus on the rescue mission at hand
Discuss SAR Organization as it pertains to overwater SAR
SAR Coordinator-SAR Mission Coordinator-On Scene Commander-SAR Unit