1.1 - Anatomy & Physiology Flashcards Preview

ECU Craniofacial Anomalies + Laryngeal Rehab > 1.1 - Anatomy & Physiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.1 - Anatomy & Physiology Deck (93)
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1

What are the 7 Facial Landmarks?

Nasal Tip

Alar Base

Alar Rim

Columella

Philtral Ridges

Philtrum

Cupid's Bow

2

What is the Nasal Tip?

The anterior-most point of the nose.

3

What is the Alar Base?

The rounded tissue forming the base of the nose, extending from the alar rim to the columella.

4

What is the Alar Rim?

The rounded tissue forming the outer portion of the nose, running from the tip to the alar base.

5

What is the Columella?

The column of tissue separating the nostrils.

6

What are the Philtral Ridges?

The columns of tissue on either side of the philtrum.

7

What is the Philtrum?

The vertical, slight depression of tissue running from the columella to the lips.

8

What is the Cupid's Bow?

The outer edge of the upper lip--typically in the shape of a fancy bow (as in a bow-and-arrow bow, not as in a gift-wrap bow or a hair-bow)

9

What is the Superior Labial Frenulum?

The frenulum that connects the upper lip to the gum

10

What is the Inferior Labial Frenulum?

The frenulum that connects the lower lip to the gum

11

What are the Palatine Folds?

Irregular ridges in the mucous membrane on the anterior portion of the roof of the hard palate just behind the teeth

12

What is the Glossopalatine Arch?

(2)

Folds of mucous membrane passing from the Soft Palate to the side of the Tongue

Encloses the Palatoglossus Muscle

(More anterior)

13

What is the Pharyngopalatine Arch?

(2)

Folds of mucous membrane that pass downward from the posterior margin of the Soft Palate to the lateral wall of the Pharynx.

Encloses the Palatopharyngeus Muscle

(More posterior)

14

What are the Palatine Tonsils?

The tonsils on the left and right sides at the back of the throat

15

What is the Lingual Frenulum?

Frenulum that connects the underside of the tongue to the bottom of the mouth

16

What are the Sublingual Salivary Ducts?

Under the tone

17

What are the Submandibular Salivary Ducts?

Under the tongue

18

What are the Gingivae?

The gums

19

What is the Nasal Septum?

The ridge that separates the right and left nostrils

20

What are the three parts of the Nasal Septum?

Perpendicular plate of ethmoidal bone

Septal cartilage

Vomer

21

What is the Perpendicular Plate of Ethmoidal Bone?

Thin vertical bone that forms the superior portion of the Nasal Septum

22

What is the Septal Cartilage?

Thin cartilage plate that forms the inferior portion of the Nasal Septum

23

What is the Vomer?

Thin bone that forms the medial portion of the Nasal Septum

24

[Place holder for Hard Palate]

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[Slide 7]

25

[Place holder for Premaxillae + ANS]

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[Slide 7]

26

[Place holder for Palatine Bone + PNS]

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[Slide 7]

27

[Place holder for 1/4 of hard palate]

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[Slide 7]

28

What is the Incisive Foreman?

funnel-shaped opening in hard palate immediately behind the incisor teeth where blood vessels and nerves pass

29

What is the Premaxillae?

Area of the hard palate just behind the front teeth

30

What is the Palatine Process of Maxilla?

Anterior three quarters of the hard palate