Flashcards in 2.3 - Audiology Deck (17)
What happens audiologically in children with craniofacial abnormalities from Birth to 3 years?
An increase incidence of audiologic problems
(Actual # depends on age, criteria for loss, and type
of identification tool used)
What type of Hearing Loss tends to be seen in children with craniofacial abnormalities?
What are 3 Outer Ear Pathologies that may be seen in children with craniofacial abnormalities?
What is Microtia?
Abnormally small ears
Which does Microtia affect more: the left ear or the right?
Who does Microtia affect more: males or females?
What is Anotia?
The absence of an external ear
What is Atresia?
Closed external ear
What kind of covering may be seen in Atresia?
What is the difference between I-IV in ear abnormalities?
I = least severe
IV = most severe
What are two types of Middle Ear Pathologies that may be seen in individuals with craniofacial abnormalities?
Eustachian tube malformation
What are the two types of Ossicular Abnormalities?
What are Fixations (Ossicular Abnormality)?
One or more ossicles are attached and are unable to move appropriately
What are Discontinuities (Ossicular Abnormality)?
Abnormal disconnection of ossicles
What is the result of Eustachian Tube Malformation?
Chronic otitis media
What are the two major causes of Eustachian Tube Malformation?
Obstruction (allergies, adenoids, etc.)