2.3 - Audiology Flashcards Preview

ECU Craniofacial Anomalies + Laryngeal Rehab > 2.3 - Audiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2.3 - Audiology Deck (17):
1

What happens audiologically in children with craniofacial abnormalities from Birth to 3 years?

An increase incidence of audiologic problems

(Actual # depends on age, criteria for loss, and type
of identification tool used)

2

What type of Hearing Loss tends to be seen in children with craniofacial abnormalities?

(2)

Bilateral

Conductive

3

What are 3 Outer Ear Pathologies that may be seen in children with craniofacial abnormalities?

Microtia

Anotia (rare)

Atresia

4

What is Microtia?

Abnormally small ears

5

Which does Microtia affect more: the left ear or the right?

Right

6

Who does Microtia affect more: males or females?

Males

7

What is Anotia?

The absence of an external ear

8

What is Atresia?

Closed external ear

9

What kind of covering may be seen in Atresia?

Membranous covering

Osseous covering

10

What is the difference between I-IV in ear abnormalities?

I = least severe

IV = most severe

11

What are two types of Middle Ear Pathologies that may be seen in individuals with craniofacial abnormalities?

Ossicular abnormalities

Eustachian tube malformation

12

What are the two types of Ossicular Abnormalities?

Fixations

Discontinuities

13

What are Fixations (Ossicular Abnormality)?

One or more ossicles are attached and are unable to move appropriately

14

What are Discontinuities (Ossicular Abnormality)?

Abnormal disconnection of ossicles

15

What is the result of Eustachian Tube Malformation?

Chronic otitis media

16

What are the two major causes of Eustachian Tube Malformation?

Obstruction (allergies, adenoids, etc.)

Dysfunction

17

What are the two types of treatment for Middle Ear Pathologies?

Medical (antibotics, antihistamines, decongestants, etc.)

Surgical (PE tubes, adenoidectomy, etc.)