3.3 Velopharyngeal Dysfunction Flashcards Preview

ECU Craniofacial Anomalies + Laryngeal Rehab > 3.3 Velopharyngeal Dysfunction > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3.3 Velopharyngeal Dysfunction Deck (19):
1

What is VP incompentency?

Deficiences in movement

2

What is VP insufficiency?

Deficiencies in tissue/structure

3

What is VP inadequacy or dysfunction?

Used for cases of mixed or undiagnosed etiology

4

How do you determine the name of this disorder?

Different names based on etiology

5

How are velopharngeal inadequacy, incompentency, and insufficiency often used?

They are often used interchangeably

6

What are the possible symptoms of VPD?

(5)

- Hypernasality
- Hyponasality
- Cul-de-sac resonance
- Nasal air escape
- Reduced oral pressure for consonants

7

Many compensatory misarticulations include what?

(2)

- Glottal stops
- Nasal Snorts (more correctly labeled posterior nasal fricatives)

8

What is hypernasality?

Excessive nasal resonance

9

What is the cause of hypernasality?

VPI and Fistula

10

What is hyponasality?

Lack of normal nasal resonance on speech particularly m, n, ng.

11

With hyponasality, you will hear _________ ____________ dominating speech.

oral consonants (e.g., b, d, g)

12

What is the possible cause of hyponasality?

obstruction, hypertrophic, and adenoids/tonsils

13

What is another name for nasal air escape?

Nasal air emission (NAE)

14

What is nasal air emission?

Inappropriate release of air pressure through nasal cavity

15

When does nasal air emission happen?

(2)

1. During high pressure consonants
2. Typically present when there is a VP opening

16

What are the names of the subtypes of Nasal air escape?

(2)

- Nasal rustle/turbulence/frication
- Nasal snort (often on s/s-blends)

17

What causes nasal rustle/turbulence/frication?

small VP opening

18

What causes nasal snort?

can be a learned behavior

19

What is Cul-de-sac?

(2)

sound resonants in pharynx or oral cavity due to obstruction
- Muffled speech and low volume