Flashcards in 3.3 Velopharyngeal Dysfunction Deck (19):
What is VP incompentency?
Deficiences in movement
What is VP insufficiency?
Deficiencies in tissue/structure
What is VP inadequacy or dysfunction?
Used for cases of mixed or undiagnosed etiology
How do you determine the name of this disorder?
Different names based on etiology
How are velopharngeal inadequacy, incompentency, and insufficiency often used?
They are often used interchangeably
What are the possible symptoms of VPD?
- Cul-de-sac resonance
- Nasal air escape
- Reduced oral pressure for consonants
Many compensatory misarticulations include what?
- Glottal stops
- Nasal Snorts (more correctly labeled posterior nasal fricatives)
What is hypernasality?
Excessive nasal resonance
What is the cause of hypernasality?
VPI and Fistula
What is hyponasality?
Lack of normal nasal resonance on speech particularly m, n, ng.
With hyponasality, you will hear _________ ____________ dominating speech.
oral consonants (e.g., b, d, g)
What is the possible cause of hyponasality?
obstruction, hypertrophic, and adenoids/tonsils
What is another name for nasal air escape?
Nasal air emission (NAE)
What is nasal air emission?
Inappropriate release of air pressure through nasal cavity
When does nasal air emission happen?
1. During high pressure consonants
2. Typically present when there is a VP opening
What are the names of the subtypes of Nasal air escape?
- Nasal rustle/turbulence/frication
- Nasal snort (often on s/s-blends)
What causes nasal rustle/turbulence/frication?
small VP opening
What causes nasal snort?
can be a learned behavior