14 Lymphatic and Immune System Pathology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 14 Lymphatic and Immune System Pathology Deck (13):
1

sever combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID)

infants born with a deficiency of B and T cells, lack of immunity

2

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

group of clinical s/s associated with supression of immunity and marked by opportunistic infections, secondary neoplasms, and neurologic problems

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AIDS cause

human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), destroys helper T cells (CD4) disrupts immunity allowing infection to occur

4

Opportunistic infections with AIDS

candidiasis, Crypto, herpes simplex, Histo, PCP, Toxo, TB

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Malignancies associated with AIDS

Kaposi sarcoma- cancer arising from lining of cells and capillaries (purple lesions), lymphoma (cancer of lymph nodes) and wasting syndrome

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s/s of HIV

lymphadenopathy, neurologic disease, oral thrush, night sweats, fatigue, and evidence of opportunistic infection

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allergy

abnormal hypersensitivity acquired by exposure to antigen

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lymphoma

malignant tumor of lymph nodes and lymph tissue. Hodgkin disease, Non-hodgkin

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Hodgkin disease

spleen and lymph nodes, lymphadenopathy (enlarged nodes) splenomegaly, fever, weakness, loss of weight and appetite. Identify Reed-Sternberg cell

10

Non-Hodgkin lymphomas

follicular and large cell lymphoma. mostly b cell lymphomas and rarely T cell malignancies

11

multiple myeloma

malignant tumor of bone marrow cells, composed of plasma cells

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thymoma

malignant tumor of the thymus gland

13

protease inhibitor

drug that treats AIDs by blocking reverse transcriptase, and enzyme needed to make copies of HIV

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