5 Digestive System Terms and Pathologies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 5 Digestive System Terms and Pathologies Deck (33):
1

borborygmus

rumbling or gurgling noise produced by the movement of gas, fluid, or both in the GI tract

2

eructation

belching

3

hematochezia

passage of fresh, bright red blood from the rectum

4

jaundice (icterus)

yellow color caused by high lvl of bilirubin in the blood

5

melena

black, tarry stools; feces containing digested blood

6

steatorrhea

fat in the feces; frothy, foul-smelling fecal matter

7

apthous stomatitis

inflammation of the mouth with small painful ulcers

8

dental caries

tooth decay, dental plaque

9

herpetic stomatitis

inflammation of the mouth caused by infection with the herpesvirus

10

oral leukoplakia

white plaques or patches on the mucosa of the mouth

11

periodontal disease

inflammation and degeneration of gums, teeth, and surrounding bones

12

achalasia

failure of the lower esophagus sphincter (LES) muscle to relax (-chalasia=relaxation)

13

esophageal cancer

malignant tumor of the esophagus

14

esophageal varices

swollen, varicose veins at the lower end of the esophagus

15

gastric cancer

malignant tumor of the stomach

16

gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach...heartburn

17

hernia

protrusion of an organ or part through the muscle normally containing it, hiatal-stomach past diaphragm, inguinal-bowel through abdomen

18

peptic ulcer

open sore in the lining of the stomach or duodenum

19

anal fistula

abnormal tube-like passageway near the anus

20

colonic polyps

polyps(benign growths) protrude from the mucous membrane of the colon

21

colorectal cancer

adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum or both

22

Chron disease

chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract (terminal ileum and colon

23

diverticulosis

abnormal outpouchings in the intestinal wall

24

dysentery

painful, inflamed intestines commonly caused by bacterial infection

25

hemorrhoids

swollen, twisted, varicose veins in the rectal region

26

ileus

loss of peristalsis with resulting obstruction of the intestines

27

intussusception

telescoping of the intestines

28

irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

group of gastrointestinal symptoms associate with stress and tension

29

ulcerative colitis

chronic inflammation of the colon with presence of ulcers

30

volvulus

twisting of the intestine on itself

31

cholelithiasis

gallstones in the gallbladder

32

cirrhosis

chronic degenerative disease of the liver

33

pancreatic cancer

malignant tumor of the pancreas

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