17 Sense Organa: Eye/Ear Pathology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 17 Sense Organa: Eye/Ear Pathology Deck (33):
1

astigmatism

defective curvature of the cornea or lens of the eye

2

hyperopia (hypermetropia)

farsightedness, see far

3

myopia

nearsightedness

4

presbyopia

impairment of vision as a result of old age

5

cataract

clouding of the lens, causing decreased vision

6

chalazion

small, hard, cystic mass (granuloma) on the eyelid - chronic inflammation of a sebaceous gland

7

diabetic retinopathy

retinal effects of diabetes mellitusinclude microaneurysms, hemorrhages, dilation of retinal veins, and neovascularization

8

glaucoma

increased intraocular pressure results in damage to the retina and optic nerve with loss of vision

9

hordeolum (stye or sty)

localized, purulent, inflammatory staphylococcal infection of a sebaceous gland in the eyelid

10

macular degeneration

progressive damage to the macula of the retina

11

nystagmus

repetitive rhythmic movements of one or both eyes - brain tumors or inner ear disease can cause

12

retinal detachment

two layers of the retina separate from each other, , stress or trauma are two big causes "floaters" "falling curtain"

13

strabismus

abnormal deviation of the eye; esotropia, exotropia, hyper/otropia

14

enucleation

removal of entire eyeball

15

keratoplasty

surgical repair of the cornea

16

OD

right eye (oculus dexter)

17

OS

left eye (oculus sinister)

18

PERRLA

pupils, equal round reactive to light and accomodation

19

OU

both eyes (oculus uterque)

20

VA

visual acuity

21

VF

visual field

22

acoustic neuroma

benign tumor arising from the acoustic vestibulocochlear nerve in the brain

23

cholesteatoma

collection of skin cells and cholesterol in a sac within the middle ear, assoc with chronic otitis media

24

meniere disease

disorder of the labyrinth of the inner ear; elevated endolymph pressure within the cochlea and semicircular canals

25

otitis media

inflammation of the middle ear, often following URI

26

otosclerosis

hardening of the bony tissue of the middle ear

27

tinnitus

buzzing, rings...caused by irritation of delicate hair cells in the inner ear

28

rinne test

tuning fork on mastoid process and in front of auditory meatus

29

weber test

tuning fork placed on center of forehead

30

AD

right ear (auris dextra)

31

AOM

acute otitis media

32

AS

left ear (auris sinistra)

33

EENT

ears, eyes, nose, throat

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