All Terminology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in All Terminology Deck (602):
1

a-, an-

no, not, without

2

ab-

away from

3

-ac

pertaining to

4

acanth/o

spiny, thorny

5

acous/o

hearing

6

acr/o

extremities, top

7

actin/o

light

8

acu/o

sharp, severe, sudden

9

-acusis

hearing

10

ad-

toward

11

-ad

toward

12

aden/o

gland

13

aer/o

air

14

af-

toward

15

agglutin/o

clumping, sticking together

16

-agon

assemble, gather

17

alb/o

white

18

albumin/o

protein, (albumin)

19

alges/o

sensitivity to pain

20

-algesia

sensitivity to pain

21

-algia

pain

22

all/o

other

23

ambly/o

dim, dull

24

-amine

nitrogen compound

25

amyl/o

starch

26

an/o

anus

27

-an

pertaining to

28

ana-

up, apart, backward, again, anew

29

andr/o

male

30

angi/o

vessel

31

anis/o

unequal

32

ankyl/o

stiff

33

ante-

forward, before

34

anter/o

front

35

anthrac/o

coal

36

anthr/o

antrum of the stomach

37

anxi/o

uneasy, anxious

38

-apheresis

removal

39

aphth/o

ulcer

40

apo-

off, way

41

aque/o

water

42

-ar

pertaining to

43

-arche

beginning

44

arthr/o

joint

45

-arthria

articulate

46

articul/o

joint

47

-ary

pertaining to

48

-ase

enzyme

49

-asthenia

lack of strength

50

atel/o

incomplete

51

ather/o

plaque

52

-ation

process, condition

53

audi/o, audit/o

hearing

54

aur/o

ear

55

azot/o

urea,nitrogen

56

balan/o

glans penis

57

bar/o

pressure,weight

58

bas/o

base

59

bi-

two

60

bil/i

bile,gall

61

-blast

embryonic, immature cell

62

-blastoma

immature tumor

63

blephar/o

eyelid

64

bol/o

cast,throw

65

brachi/o

arm

66

brachy-

short

67

brady-

slow

68

bucc/o

cheek

69

cac/o

bad

70

calc/o

calcium

71

cali/o

calyx (renal)

72

calic/o

calyx (renal)

73

capn/o

CO2

74

-capnia

CO2

75

carcin/o

cancerous, cancer

76

carp/o

wrist bones

77

cata-

down

78

caud/o

tail, lower body

79

caus/o

burn,burning

80

cauter/o

heat,burn

81

cec/o

cecum

82

-cele

hernia

83

celi/o

belly,abdomen

84

-centesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid

85

cephal/o

head

86

cervic/o

neck, cervix

87

-chalasia, -chalasis

relaxation

88

cheil/o

lip

89

chem/o

drug, chemical

90

-chezia

defecation

91

chir/o

hand

92

chlor/o

green

93

chlorhydr/o

HCL

94

chol/e

bile,gall

95

cholangi/o

bile vessel

96

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

97

choledoch/o

common bile duct

98

chondr/o

cartilage

99

chore/o

dance

100

chori/o

chorion ( outermost membrane of the fetus)

101

chrom/o

color

102

chron/o

time

103

chym/o

to pour

104

cib/o

meal

105

-cide

killing

106

-cidal

pertaining to killing

107

cine/o

movement

108

cirrh/o

orange-yellow

109

cis/o

to cut

110

-clasis

to break

111

-clast

to break

112

claustr/o

enclosed space

113

-clysis

irrigation, washing

114

col/o

colon

115

coll/a

glue

116

colp/o

vagina

117

comat/o

deep sleep

118

comi/o

to care for

119

con-

together with

120

coni/o

dust

121

-constriction

narrowing

122

contra-

against,opposite

123

cor/o

pupil

124

core/o

pupil

125

corpor/o

body

126

cortic/o

cortex (outer region)

127

cost/o

rib

128

crani/o

skull

129

cras/o

mixture,temperament

130

crin/o

secrete

131

-crine

secrete,separate

132

-crit

separate

133

crypt/o

hidden

134

culd/o

cul-de-sac

135

-cusis

hearing

136

cycl/o

ciliary body of eye, cycle, circle

137

-cyesis

pregnancy

138

cyst/o

urinary bladder,cyst,sac of fluid

139

-cytosis

condition of cells, increase in number

140

dacry/o

tear

141

dacryocyst/o

tear sac,lacrimal sac

142

dactyl/o

fingers,toes

143

de-

lack of,down,less,removal of

144

dem/o

people

145

desicc/o

drying

146

-desis

bind, tire together

147

dia-

complete,through

148

diaphor/o

sweat

149

dipl/o

double

150

dips/o

thirst

151

dist/o

far,distant

152

dors/o

back of body

153

dorsi-

back

154

-dote

to give

155

-drome

to run (syndrome)

156

duct/o

to lead,carry

157

dur/o

dura mater

158

-dynia

pain

159

dys-

bad,painful,difficult,abnormal

160

-eal

pertaining to

161

ec-, ecto-

outside,out

162

echo-

reflected sound

163

-ectasia, -ectasis

dilation,widening

164

-ectomy

removal,excision,resection

165

-elasma

flat plate

166

em-

in

167

-ema

condition

168

-emia

blood condition

169

-emic

pertaining to blood condition

170

emmetr/o

in due measure

171

en-

in,within

172

encephal/o

brain

173

end-

in, within

174

endo-

in,within

175

enter/o

intestines (usually small)

176

esosin/o

red,rosy,dawn-colored

177

epi-

above,upon,on

178

episi/o

vulva

179

epitheli/o

skin

180

-er

one who

181

erg/o

work

182

erythem/o

flushed,redness

183

-esis

action,condition,state of

184

eso-

inward

185

esthes/o, esthesi/o, -esthesia

nervous sensation

186

estr/o

female

187

eti/o

cause

188

eu-

good,normal

189

-eurysm

widening

190

ex-, exo-

out,away from

191

exanthemat/o

rash

192

extra-

outside

193

faci/o

face

194

fasci/o

fascia

195

-ferent

to carry

196

fibr/o

fiber

197

-fication

process of making

198

-fida

split

199

flex/o

bend

200

fluor/o

luminous

201

follicul/o

follicle, small sac

202

-form

resembling,in the shape of

203

furc/o

forking,branching

204

-fusion

to pour,to come together

205

galact/o

milk

206

gastr/o

stomach

207

-gen

substance that produces

208

-genesis

producing,forming

209

-genic

produced by or in

210

ger/o,geront/o

old age

211

gest/o, gester/o

pregnancy

212

gingiv/o

gum

213

glauc/o

gray

214

gli/o

glial cell, neurological cell

215

-globin, -globulin

protein

216

gloss/o

tongue

217

gnos/o

knowledge

218

gon/o

seed

219

gonad/o

sex gland

220

goni/o

angle

221

-grade

to go

222

-gram

record

223

-graph

instrument for recording

224

-graphy

process of recording

225

gravid/o, -gravida

pregnancy

226

gynec/o

woman,female

227

hem/o, hemat/o

blood

228

hemi-

half

229

-hexia

state of

230

hidr/o

sweat

231

hist/o, histi/o

tissue

232

home/o

sameness,unchanging,constant

233

hypn/o

sleep

234

hypophys/o

pituitary gland

235

hyster/o

uterus,womb

236

-ia

condition

237

-iac

pertaining to

238

-iasis

abnormal condition

239

iatr/o

physician,treatment

240

-ic, -ical

pertaining to

241

ichthy/o

dry,scaly

242

-icle

small

243

idi/o

unknown,individual,distinct

244

-ile

pertaining to

245

ile/o

ileum (intestine)

246

ili/o

ilium (bone)

247

-in, -ine

a substance

248

-ine

a substance,pertaining to

249

inter-

between

250

intra-

within,into

251

iod/o

iodine

252

ion/o

ion,to wander

253

-ion

process

254

-ior

pertaining to

255

ipsi-

same

256

ir-

in

257

ir/o, irid/o

iris

258

is/o

same,equal

259

isch/o

hold back,back

260

ischi/o

ischium

261

-ism

process,condition

262

-ist

specialist

263

-itus

condition

264

-ium

structure tissue

265

jaund/o

yellow

266

kal/i

potassium

267

kay/o

nucleus

268

kerat/o

cornea,hard,horny tissue

269

kern-

nucleus (collection of nerve cells in the brain)

270

ket/o, keton/o

ketones,acetones

271

kines/o

movement

272

klept/o

to steal

273

kyph/o

humpback

274

labi/o

lip

275

lact/o

milk

276

lapar/o

abdominal wall, abdomen

277

-lapse

slide,fall,sag

278

laryng/o

larynx (voice box)

279

later/o

side

280

leiomy/o

smooth (visceral) muscle

281

-lemma

sheath,covering

282

-lepsy

seizure

283

lept/o

thin,slender

284

-leptic

pertaining to seizing, taking hold of

285

leth/o

death

286

leuk/o

white

287

lex/o, -lexia

word,phrase

288

lingu/o

tongue

289

-listhesis

slipping

290

lith/o

stone,calculus

291

-lithiasis

condition of stones

292

-lithotomy

incision (for removal) of a stone

293

lob/o

lobe

294

log/o

to study

295

lord/o

curve,swayback

296

-lucent

to shine

297

lute/o

yellow

298

lux/o

slide

299

lymphaden/o

lymph gland (node)

300

-lysis

breakdown,separation,destruction,loosening

301

-lytic

reducing,destroying,separating,breakdown

302

macro-

large

303

mal-

bad

304

-malacia

softening

305

mamm/o

breast

306

-mania

obsessive preoccupation

307

mast/o

breast

308

meat/o

meatus (opening)

309

medi/o

middle

310

medull/o

medulla (inner section),middle,soft,marrow

311

mega-

large

312

-megaly

enlargement

313

melan/o

black

314

men/o

menses,menstruation

315

ment/o

mind,chin

316

meso-

middle

317

meta-

change,beyond

318

-meter

measure

319

metr/o, metri/o

uterus

320

mi/o

smaller,less

321

-mimetic

mimic,copy

322

-mission

to send

323

morph/o

shape,for

324

mort/o

death

325

-mortem

death

326

-motor

movement

327

muc/o

mucus

328

mucos/o

mucous membrane (mucosa)

329

mut/a

genetic change

330

my/o

muscle

331

myc/o

fungus

332

mydr/o

wide

333

myel/o

spinal cord,bone marrow

334

myom/o

muscle tumor

335

myos/o

muscle

336

myring/o

tympanic membrane

337

myx/o

mucus

338

narc/o

numbness,stupor,sleep

339

nas/o

nose

340

nat/i

birth

341

natr/o

sodium

342

necr/o

death

343

nect/o

bind,tie,connect

344

neo-

new

345

nephr/o

kidney

346

neutr/o

neither,neutral,neutrophil

347

nid/o

nest

348

noct/o

night

349

norm/o

rule,order

350

nos/o

disease

351

nulli-

none

352

nyct/o

night

353

obstetr/o

pregnancy,childbirth

354

odont/o

tooth

355

odyn/o

pain

356

-oid

resembling,derived from

357

-ole

little,small

358

olig/o

scanty

359

om/o

shoulder

360

-oma

tumor,mass,fluid collection

361

omphal/o

umbilicus

362

onc/o

tumor

363

-one

hormone

364

onych/o

nail

365

o/o

egg

366

oophor/o

ovary

367

-opaque

obscure

368

-opia,opsia

vision condition

369

-opsy

view of

370

or/o

mouth

371

orch/o,orchi/o,orchid/o

testis

372

-orexia

appetite

373

orth/o

straight

374

-ose

full of,pertaining to,sugar

375

-osis

condition

376

-osmia

smell

377

-ostosis

condition of bone

378

ot/o

ear

379

-otia

ear condition

380

-ous

pertaining to

381

ov/o

egg

382

ovul/o

egg

383

-oxia

oxygen

384

oxy-

rapid,sharp,acid

385

oxysm/o

sudden

386

pachy-

heavy,thick

387

palpebr/o

eyelid

388

pan-

all

389

papill/o

nipple-like,optic disk

390

par-

other than,abnormal

391

para-

near,beside,abnormal,apart from,along the side of

392

-para

to bear,bring forth (live births)

393

-parous

to bear,bring forth

394

-paresis

weakness

395

-pareunia

sexual intercourse

396

-partum

birth,labor

397

-pathy

disease,emotion

398

ped/o

child,foot

399

pend/o

hang

400

-penia

deficiency

401

pen/o

penis

402

-pepsia

digestion

403

per-

through

404

peri-

surrounding

405

perone/o

fibula

406

-pexy

fixation,to put in place

407

phac/o

lens of eye

408

phag/o, -phage

eat,swallow

409

-phagia

condition of eating,swallowing

410

phak/o

lens of eye

411

phall/o

penis

412

pharyng/o

pharynx (throat)

413

phas/o, -phasia

speech

414

phe/o

dusky,dark

415

-pheresis

removal

416

phil/o

like,love,attraction

417

-phil,-philia

attraction for

418

phleb/o

vein

419

phon/o,-phonia

voice,sound

420

phor/o

to bear

421

-phoresis

carry,transmission

422

-phoria

to bear,carry,feeling

423

phot/o

light

424

phren/o

diaphragm,mind

425

-phthisis

wasting away

426

-phylaxis

protection

427

-physis

to grow

428

phyt/o,-phyte

plant

429

pil/o

hair

430

-plakia

plaque

431

plant/o

sole of foot

432

plas/o, -plasia

development,formation,growth

433

-plasm

formation,structure

434

-plastic

pertaining to formation

435

-plasty

surgical repair

436

ple/o

more,many,varied

437

-plegia,-plegic

paralysis,palsy

438

plex/o

network of nerves

439

-pnea

breathing

440

pneum/o

lung,air,gas

441

pod/o

foot

442

-poiesis

formation

443

-poetin

substance that forms

444

poikil/o

varied,irregular

445

pol/o

extreme

446

polio-

gray matter

447

pont/o

pons

448

-porosis

condition of pores

449

-prandial

pertaining to eating or mealtime

450

-praxia

action

451

presby/o

old age

452

primi-

first

453

pro-

before,forward

454

proct/o

anus and rectum

455

pros-

before,forward

456

prot/o

first

457

proxim/o

near

458

prurit/o

itching

459

pseudo-

false

460

psych/o

mind

461

-ptosis

drooping,falling,prolapse

462

-ptysis

spitting

463

pub/o

pubis

464

purul/o

pus

465

py/o

pus

466

pyel/o

renal pelvis

467

pyr/o

fever,fire

468

pyret/o

fever

469

pyrex/o

fever

470

rachi/o

spinal column,vertebrae

471

radicul/o

nerve root

472

re-

back,again,backward

473

ren/o

kidney

474

reticul/o

network

475

retro-

behind,back,backward

476

rhabdomy/o

striated (skeletal) muscle

477

rheumat/o

watery flow

478

rhin/o

nose

479

rhytid/o

wrinkle

480

roentgen/

xrays

481

-rrhage

bursting forth

482

-rrhagia

bursting forth

483

-rrhaphy

suture

484

-rrhea

flow,discharge

485

-rrhexis

rupture

486

salping/o

fallopian tube,auditory tube

487

-salpinx

fallopian tube,oviduct

488

sarc/o

flesh (connective tissue)

489

-schisis

split

490

schiz/o

split

491

scirrh/o

hard

492

scler/o

sclera (white of the eye), hard

493

-sclerosis

hardening

494

scoli?o

crooked,bent

495

-scope

instrument for visual examination

496

-scopy

visual examination

497

scot/o

darkness

498

seb/o, sebace/o

sebum

499

sect/o

to cut

500

semi-

half

501

semini/i

semen,seed

502

seps/o

infection

503

sial/o

saliva

504

sialedn/o

salivary gland

505

sider/o

iron

506

silic/o

glass

507

-sis

state of,condition

508

-sol

solution

509

somat/o

body

510

-some

body

511

somn/o

sleep

512

-somnia

sleep

513

son/o

sound

514

-spadia

to tear,cut

515

-spasm

sudden contraction of muscles

516

sphygm/o

pulse

517

-sphyxia

pulse

518

splanchn/o

viscera (internal organs)

519

spir/o

to breathe

520

spondyl/o

vertebra

521

squam/o

scale

522

-stalsis

contraction

523

staphyl/o

clusters,uvula

524

-stasis

stopping,controlling

525

-static

pertaining to stopping,controlling

526

steat/o

fat,sebum

527

ster/o,stere/o

solid

528

steth/o

chest

529

-sthenia

strength

530

-stitial

pertaining to standing or positioned

531

stomat/o

mouth

532

-stomia

condition of the mouth

533

-stomy

new opening to form a mouth

534

strept/o

twisted chains

535

-suppression

stopping

536

sym-

together,with

537

syn-

together,with

538

syncop/o

to cut off,cut short,faint

539

syndesm/o

ligament

540

syring/o

tube

541

tachy-

fast

542

tax/o

order,coordination

543

tel/o

complete

544

tele/o

distant

545

ten/o

tendon

546

-tension

pressure

547

terat/o

monster,malformed fetus

548

thalass/o

sea

549

the/o

put,place

550

thec/o

sheath

551

thel/o

nipple

552

thromb/o

clot

553

-thymia

mind (condition of)

554

-thymic

pertaining to mind

555

-tic

pertaining to

556

toc/o

labor birth

557

-tocia, -tocin

labor,birth

558

tom/o

to cut

559

-tome

instrument to cut

560

-tomy

process of cutting

561

ton/o

tension

562

tone/o

to stretch

563

top/o

place,position,location

564

-tory

pertaining to

565

trans-

across,through

566

-tresia

opening

567

trich/o

hair

568

-tripsy

crushing

569

troph/o, -trophy

nourishment,development

570

-tropia

to turn

571

-tropic

pertaining to stimulating

572

-tropin

stimulate,act on

573

-type

classification,picture

574

-ule

small,little

575

ultra-

beyond,excess

576

-um

structure,tissue,thing

577

ungu/o

nail

578

ur/o

urine,urinary tract

579

-uria

urination,condition of urine

580

-us

structure,thing

581

uve/o

uvea,vascular layer of eye

582

vag/o

vagus nerve

583

varic/o

varicose veins

584

vas/o

vessel,duct,vas deferens

585

vener/o

venereal (sexual contact)

586

ventr/o

belly side of body

587

-verse

to turn

588

-version

to turn

589

vesic/o

urinary bladder

590

vesicul/o

seminal vesicle

591

vestibul/o

vestibule of the inner ear

592

viscer/o

internal organs

593

vit/o

life

594

vitr/o

vitreous body (of the eye)

595

vitre/o

glass

596

viv/o

life

597

vol/o

to toll

598

xanth/o

yellow

599

xer/o

dry

600

-y

condition,process

601

zo/o

animal life

602

xiph/o

sword

Decks in med term Class (61):