21 Pharmacology Vocab Flashcards Preview

med term > 21 Pharmacology Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in 21 Pharmacology Vocab Deck (42):
1

additive action

drug action in which the combination of two similar drugs is equal to the sum of the effects of each

2

antagonistic action

combination of two drugs gives less than an additive effect

3

brand name

commercial name for a drug, trademark or trade name, capitalized (Tylenol), public property after 17 years

4

chemical name

chemical formula,

5

controlled substances

drugs that produce tolerance and dependence and have potential for abuse and addiction

6

generic name

legal noncommercial name for a drug (ibuprofen)

7

iatrogenic

condition caused by treatment

8

idiosyncratic reaction

unexpected effect produced in a particularly sensitive patient but not seen in most people

9

parenteral administration

drugs given by injection

10

pharmacodynamics

study of the effects and strength of a drug within the body

11

pharmacokinetics

study of drug concentration in tissues and body fluids over a period of time

12

Physicians desk reference (PDR)

reference book that lists drug products

13

receptor

target substance with which a drug interacts in the body

14

synergism

combination of two drugs causes and effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each

15

ACE inhibitor

lowers bp

16

amphetamine

CNS stimulant

17

analgesic

relieves pain

18

androgen

male hormone

19

anesthetic

reduce or eliminates sensation general and local

20

angiotensin II receptor blocker

lowers bp by preventing angiotensin from action on receptors in blood vessels

21

antacid

neutralizes acid in the stomach

22

antiandrogen

slows the uptake of androgens or interferes with the effect in tissues

23

antiarrythmic

treats abnormal heart rhythms

24

antibiotic

chemical produces by plant or organism - inhibit or destroy foreign organism

25

anticoagulant

prevents blood clotting

26

anticonvuslant

prevents convulsion

27

antiemetic, antinauseant

prevent n/v

28

antiulcer

inhibits the secretion of acid by cells lining the stomach

29

aromatase inhibitor

reduces estrogen in the blood by blocking the enzyme aromatase

30

bacteriacidal

kills bacteria

31

bacteriostatic

inhibits bacterial growth

32

beta-blocker

blocks action of epi at sites on receptors of heart muscle cells

33

bisphosphonate

prevents bone loss in osteoporosis and osteopenia

34

caffeine

CNS stimulant

35

calcium channel blocker

blocks the entrance of ca into the heart

36

cathartic

relieves constipation

37

cholesterol-binding drug

binds to dietary cholesterol and prevents its uptake from the gi tract

38

cholesterol-lowering drug

lowers cholesterol by preventing its production by the liver; statin

39

glucocorticoid

hormone from adrenal cortex that raises blood sugar and reduces inflammation

40

progestin

female hormone that stimulates the uterine lining during pregnancy

41

purgative

relieves constipation; strong cathartic

42

thyroid hormone

stimulates cellular metabolism

Decks in med term Class (61):