15 Musculoskeletal System Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 15 Musculoskeletal System Vocab Deck (26):
1

articular cartilage

thin layer of cartilage covering the bone in the joint space

2

Bone

hard connective tissue, long, short, flat, sesamoid

3

calcium

mineral constituent in bone, calcium phosphate is the major calcium salt in bones

4

cancellous bone

spongy, porous, bone tissue in the inner part of a bone

5

cartilage

flexible, rubbery connective tissue. immature skeleton, epiphyseal growth plate, and on joint surfaces

6

collagen

dense, connective tissue protein strands found in bone and other tissue

7

compact bone

hard, dense, bone tissue, usually found on the outer portion of bones

8

cranial bones

ethmoid, frontal, temporal, occipital, parietal, sphenoid

9

facial bones

lacrimal, mandibular, zygomatic, nasal, vomer, maxilla

10

fontanelle

soft spot between skull bones in an infant

11

haversian canals

minute spaces filled with blood vessels, found in compact bone

12

ossification

process of bone formation

13

osteoblast

immature osteocytes that produce the bony tissue that replaces cartilage during ossification

14

osteoclast

large cells that function to reabsorb or digest bony tissue (-clast=break)

15

periosteum

membrane surrounding bones, rich in blood vessels and nerve tissue

16

red bone marrow

found in cancellous bone, site of hematopoiesis

17

sella turcica

depression in the sphenoid bone where the pituitary gland is located

18

trabeculae

supporting bundles of bony fibers in cancellous (spongy) bone

19

yellow bone marrow

fatty tissue found in the medullary cavity of most adult long bone

20

bursa

sac of fluid near a joint, promotes smooth sliding of one tissue against another

21

synovial joint

freely moveable joint

22

types of muscles

striated, smooth, cardiac

23

striated muscles

voluntary or skeletal muscles

24

fascia

separates muscle, contains muscle's blood, lymph, and nerve supply

25

smooth muscle

involuntary or visceral muscles that move internal organs; digestive tract, blood vessels, secretory ducts. autonomic nervous system (ANS)

26

cardiac muscle

involuntary, striated in appearance but fxns like smooth

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