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Flashcards in 5 Year Plans Deck (19):
1

What were the aims of the First Five Year Plan?
(5)

Increase overall production by 300%.
Focus on development of coal, iron, steel, oil and machinery.
Boost electricity production by 600%.
Turn Soviet Union into modern industrial country.
Feed the expanding workforce.

2

Why was the First Five Year Plan introduced?

Because the NEP failed and because of the grain procurement crisis.

3

What were the successes of the First Five Year Plan?
(5)

Electricity trebled.
Coal and iron doubled.
Steel increased by 1/3.
Engineering industry developed.
Huge industrial complexes were built like Magnitogorsk.

4

What were the failures of the First Five Year Plan?
(6)

Decline in consumer industries.
Small workshops were squeezed out.
Lack of skilled workers.
Never met demands.
Enterprises established failed.
Quality was ignored over quantity.

5

What were the aims of the Second Five Year Plan?
(5)

Increase national income by 25%.
Increase employment.
Usher in socialistic pattern of society.
Increase light industry.
Used for consolidation.

6

What were the successes of this the Second Five Year Plan?
(4)

Steel output trebled.
Coal output doubled.
USSR self sufficient in machine making and metal working.
Electricity output grew rapidly.

7

How much did rearmament increase by during the Second Five Year Plan?

13%

8

What were the failures of the Second Five Year Plan?
(5)

Oil production failed to meet its targets.
New houses were without water or sewage.
Lack of consumer goods.
People made up figures to meet quotas.
Tractor production massively missed target.

9

What were the aims of the Third Five Year Plan?
(5)

Rearmament.
Become self sufficient.
Focus on heavy industry.
Transition to communism.
Rise industrial production by 92%.

10

What were the successes of the Third Five Year Plan?
(5)

Heavy industry grew.
Rearmament was successful.
Internal passports.
Coal production increased to 166 million by 1940 compared to 128 million in 1937.
Steel increased to 2.79 million tonnes in 1941 compared to 2.39 in 1937.

11

What were the failures of the Third Five Year Plan?

Iron and steel virtually stopped.
Purges led to stagnation in steel.
Oil industry failed.
Consumer industry failed.

12

In 1941 how many people were there for each shop?

476

13

Why didn’t people speak against the Five Year Plans?

Fear of execution.

14

When was the First Five Year Plan?

1928-1932

15

When was the Second Five Year Plan?

1933-1937

16

When was the Third Five Year Plan?

1938-1941

17

Why did the first and second Five Year Plan finish early?

Because the targets had been 'met'.

18

Why did the third Five Year Plan finish early?

To prepare for WW2

19

Overall were the Five Year Plans a success?

Yes because it increased industrial output as well as moving towards socialism.