8: Intervention and addicition in youth and young adults Flashcards Preview

Cognitive Developmental & Health Psychology > 8: Intervention and addicition in youth and young adults > Flashcards

Flashcards in 8: Intervention and addicition in youth and young adults Deck (15)
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1
Q

What are parts of the intervention spectrum?

A
  • Promotion
  • Prevention
  • Treatment
  • Maintenance: after care
2
Q

Different types of interventions?

A

Universal prevention: entire population
Selective prevention: subgroups determined at risk
Indicated prevention: individuals experiencing early signs
Treatment: individuals with diagnosis

Single-component: focus on one component
Multi-component: focus on more

3
Q

Difference between prevention and intervention?

A
  • Intervention is also prevention
  • Both lead to positive health outcomes
  • Preventive interventions
4
Q

Difference between prevention and intervention?

A
  • Intervention is also prevention
  • Both lead to positive health outcomes
  • Preventive interventions
5
Q

What are the targets?

A

Youth:

  • Self-control
  • Information and awareness
  • Peers

Parents:

  • Communication
  • Empowerment
  • Rule-setting

Governmental:
- Regulations/policy

6
Q

What happens in adolescence?

A
  • Distancing from parents
  • Intensiyfing peer contacts
  • Experimentation with adult-like behavior
7
Q

What can parents do to make kids drink less?

A

Strict rules about alcohol use

8
Q

Whats was the aim of PAS: preventing alcohol use among student?

A
  • Increase self control and healthy attitudes about alcohol

- Restrictive parenting

9
Q

What was the conclusion of research on PAS?

A

Using both parenting and adolescent intervention components = best

10
Q

What can you say about technology-based treatment?

A
  • Can be used in indicated intervention, treatment and universal interventions
  • Can target large groups
  • Stand alone or add on to therapy
11
Q

What do dual proces models say about behavior?

A

Behavior is determined by interplay between automatically initiated motivational processes and more concious considerations

12
Q

What can behavior depend on?

A
  • Strength of specific assocations
  • COncious beliefs
  • Strength of executive control provesesses
  • Motivation/ goals to make adjustments
13
Q

Which systems are active in dual process model?

A

Reflective system

Impulsive system >(attentional + approach bias)

14
Q

What is the conclusion of intervention based on biases

A

Impulsive smokers benefit more

15
Q

What can you say about motivation?

A
  • Based on social context
  • Adolescents: why quit now?
  • Readiness to change is low
  • Should be intrinsic