11: School psychology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 11: School psychology Deck (21)
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1
Q

What is looked at by a school psychologist?

A

The child, but also the environment: class, teachers, parents.

2
Q

What is action oriented assessment?

A
  • Handelingsgerichte diagnostiek

- It’s a direct approach to finding out what’s ‘wrong’ with the child.

3
Q

What is part of action oriented assessment?

A
  • Intake: hulpvraag
  • Strategy: what do you need to do?
  • Assessment
  • Defining
  • Advise
4
Q

What can you say about intelligence tests and action oriented assessment?

A

Intelligence tests are not a standard part of diagnostics.

You only do it when you need it.

5
Q

What are 3 factors that influence learning in school?

A
  • Physical development
  • Cognitive development
  • Social/emotional development
6
Q

What are 4 things the teacher needs to do good in order to optimize learning?

A
  • Social/emotional conditions for learning
  • Behavior in class
  • Cognitive conditions for learning
  • Learning level
7
Q

What’s the triangle of student succes?

A

Parent - student - school

Has to be safe, if there are problems in any of these relationships it affects succes

8
Q

What are the basic human and student needs?

A
  • Relatedness: confidence that you will achieve, given by others
  • Autonomy: being able to do something on your own
  • Competence: what you know you’re good at
9
Q

Why does the teacher matter?

A

The teacher creates situations like involvement, structure and autonomy support which are good for the basic student need which creates motivation.

10
Q

What are 6 different activities of intervention?

A
  • Prevention
  • Identification
  • Assessment
  • Advise
  • Intervention
  • Evaluation
11
Q

What are 6 levels of intervention?

A
  • Pupil
  • Teacher
  • Classroom
  • School
  • School system
  • Parents
12
Q

What are the 3 levels of intelligence?

A

Intelligence A: inborn capacity; the intelligence you are born with > genotype
Intelligence B: the influence of the environment > phenotype
Intelligence C: the results of an intelligence test.

13
Q

What is intelligence according to Spearman?

A

He believed in:

a general intelligence factor (g): which helped with mental activity for many tasks

14
Q

What did Stanford-Binet do?

A

Introduced the first test to measure a childs mental age (normative measuring) to predict school succes.
- Also wanted to take motivation into account.

15
Q

What is fluid and crystallized intelligence?

A

Fluid intelligence is the inborn capacity to think flexible; reasoning in new situations
(Decreases with age)
Crystallized intelligence is the knowledge and skills developed by experience through life
(Increases with age)

16
Q

What did Ceci think about intelligence?

A

Intelligence originates from the interaction between cognitive, biological, metacognitive and environmental processes (under which temperament and motivation). Intelligence cannot be assessed without context.

17
Q

What did Sternberg think about intelligence? (3 levels)

A
  • Analytical g: capacities to solve abstract, well-known problems
  • Creative g: solve unknown problems
  • Practical g: respond and adapt to environment
18
Q

What are the three layers of the CHC-model?

A

Stratum 1: specific tests you can use to measure the different types of intelligence
Stratum 2: broad abilities of intelligence, like: sensory abilities, motor abilities, memory and speed
Stratum 3: general intelligence factor.

19
Q

What is the CHC model?

A

Cattell-Horn-Carroll model that gives the most comprehensive despription of intelligence thus far
(stratums and fluid and crystallized intelligence)

20
Q

How can IQ affect a diagnosis?

A
  • Symptoms of a learning disorder can be explained by limited cognitive skills
  • Symptoms of a developmental disorder van be explained by low or high cognitive skils
  • Indication of an intervention option
  • Indication of education grade
21
Q

What 2 types of profile analysis exist?

A
  • Inter-individual: normative strengths/weakness > compared with other kids
  • Intra-individual: relative strength/weakness > compared to yourself