3: Diagnostics and treatment of anxiety Flashcards Preview

Cognitive Developmental & Health Psychology > 3: Diagnostics and treatment of anxiety > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3: Diagnostics and treatment of anxiety Deck (11)
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1
Q

What is anxiety?

A

Overactivation of amygdala, and other bodily, cognitive and behavioral reactions in the abscence of danger.

2
Q

What can you say about prevalence?

A
  • Girls typically as much as boys, until adolescence, then more.
  • Between 0 to 4 percent
3
Q

Whats the difference between school refusal and school withdrawal?

A

Refusal is when kid’s skipping school.

Withdrawal is when parents keep the kid home

4
Q

How to recognize anxiety in children and adolescents in clinical practice and at school? (8)

A
  • Unrealistic and excessive concern about past or future events and own performance
  • Need for confirmation
  • Feel uncomfortable about themselves
  • Somatic complaints without physical cause
  • Restlessness and alertness
  • Concentration problems
  • Avoidance behavior
  • Fatigue
5
Q

What are Child risk factors for anxiety?

A
  • Genetics
  • Temperament
    > emotionality, neuroticism, behavioral inhibition, trait fear
  • Cognitive factors
    > overestimate danger, selective attention
6
Q

What are Child risk factors?

A
  • Genetics
  • Temperament
    > emotionality, neuroticism, behavioral inhibition, trait fear
  • Cognitive factors
    > overestimate danger, selective attention
7
Q

What are Child protective factors?

A
  • Effortful control = focusing and shifting attention, and ability to inhibit behavior
8
Q

What are Parents risk factors?

A
  • Encouraging avoidance
  • Facilitate negative interpretations of ambiguous sitiations
  • Modelling anxious behavior
  • Protect children highly
  • Discourage discussions about negative experiences
9
Q

What are School risk factors?

A
  • Large schools, unsafe climate
  • Bullying
  • Change of school
  • Strict teachers
10
Q

What’s the best intervention for anxiety?

A

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most evidence-based prevention and treatment method.

11
Q

What happens in CBT?

A

Take distance of thinking and try to have more helpful thoughts.