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Pathology 372 > 9/8/15 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 9/8/15 Deck (21):
1

Where would hypertrophic osteodystrophy be of concern within the canine?

Distal radius

Distal ulna


 

2

With hypertrophic osteodystrophy, which part of the bone is enlarged due to hyperostosis?

Periosteum 

3

Would a craniomandibular osteopathy present unilaterally or bilaterally?

Bilaterally

4

In a canine with craniomandibular osteopathy, which bones would display with proliferation?

Mandible

Temporal bone

Occipital bone

5

What physcial changes occur with hip dysplasia?

Flattened femoral head

Shallow acetabulum 

6

Necrosis of the femoral head is more likely to be seen in small breeds or large breeds of dogs?

Small breeds

7

Osteosarcoma most frequently will occur in which part of the long bones?

Metaphysis

Proximal humerus

Distal radius

Distal femur

Distal tibia

8

In which area of the bone does an osteosarcoma typically start?

Medullary cavity

9

After the osteosarcoma arises in the medullary cavity, it can proliferate and affect which other areas of the bone?

Cortex

Periosteum

10

Metastsis of an osteosarcoma is likely to go to which organ within the body?

Lungs

11

Within which parts of the body would you most likely find a chondrosarcoma?

Head (nasal cavity)

Axial skeleton

Ribs

12

In which part of a bone would osteomyelitis typically be found?

Epiphyses

13

Which cells are responsible for the synthesis of bone matrix (osteoid)?

Osteoblasts

14

Which cells reside in lacunae?

Osteocytes

15

Which cells have receptors for parathyroid hormone (PTH)?

Osteoblasts

Osteocytes

16

An increase in PTH will have what kind of affect on osteoclastic activity?

It will increase osteoclastic activity

17

Mineral is first added to the organic matrix of bone as what?

Amorphous calcium phosphate

18

What type of cells are osteoclasts derived from?

Monocytes

19

Where does endochondral ossification take place?

Articular-epiphyseal complexes

Physes

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