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Flashcards in 9.10 Notes Deck (18):
1

Equipotentiation

Any part of the brain can do any function

2

Franz Joseph Gall

A local list; suggested there are 35 functionally different parts of the brain, which all do different things; noticed that a very intelligent student had bugged out eyeballs; developed phrenology

3

Pierre Flourens

thought Gall's theory was ridiculous; worked on pigeons to try finding out which part of the bird allows it to fly; wanted to damage the part of the brain responsible for flying, but he damaged every part of the brain and it could still fly

4

Paul Broca

Physician; found that all patients who is damage to the left frontal lobe had boss of language production; this area became known as Broca's area; Discovered this during an autopsy on a person who had damage in this area and could say only a few words

5

Carl Wernicke

Physician; found that patience is damage in the left temporal lobe lost the ability to comprehend language; became known as Wernicke's area

6

Korbinian Broadman

Looked at the brain under a microscope to see if different areas of different; developed 52 functionally different brain areas; he was actually correct in many ways

7

Camilo Golgi

Invented a special stain for neurons; colors individual neurons; called Golgi stain

8

Santiago Ramon y Cajel

Used the Golgi stain to look at neurons; noticed that neurons do not touch; won the Nobel prize

9

Reductionism

The idea that everything we are can be discovered in smaller parts; reduce things to different levels

10

Wholism

You need to find out how different parts of the brain interact to find function

11

Binding problem

When you see something, you see color, movement, etc., but you integrated all into one entity in your perception but how?

12

Glia cells

Singular glial; guide neural development; gets rid of waste and neurotransmitters; maintains blood-brain barrier; involved in neurotransmission, the electro part

13

Collateral sprouting

The growth of new dendrites

14

Interneuron

Send info between motor and sensory neurons; most common type of neuron

15

Afferent axons

Sends messages in

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Efferent axons

Send messages out (E is for exit)

17

Intrinsic axons

Keeps messages within a system; interneurons

18

Localization

The idea that different parts of the brain do different things; different functions are localized to different areas of the brain