10.13 Notes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 10.13 Notes Deck (24):
1

Hypothalamus

Made up of clumps of somas; each clump has a different function; important for daily rhythms and drives (drinking, eating, sleeping, temperature regulation, and sex) and alertness

2

Semantic memory

Facts

3

Episodic memory

Experience; involved in the hippocampus

4

H.M.

Suffered from seizures after an accident; surgically removed the hippocampus to relieve his seizures; suffered from anterograde amnesia Anna so he could not remember anything new consciously; he was able to remember being prepped with the pin by the doctor, but not the doctor

5

Amygdala

Fear and negative emotions

6

Corpus callosum

Tract of millions of axons that connects the two hemispheres

7

Cortex

Made up of six layers called laminae

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Laminae I

Also known as neocortex; the outermost part of the cortex; the largest part of the cortex; sends info down; made of axons and glial cells

9

Laminae V

Made of huge pyramidal cells; sends info to the spinal cord, basal ganglia, and brainstem; voluntary motor movements

10

Laminae IV

Sensory info; gets most info from the thalamus

11

Primary area

An area that has information going directly

12

Secondary area

Integrates multiple pieces of info from various areas

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Which area does sensory information go to?

Primary to tertiary

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What area does motor information go?

Tertiary to primary

15

Primary visual cortex

V1; Area 17; damage here can cause blindsight, prevents conscious vision

16

Temporal lobe

Processes auditory stimulation; vision; emotions; facial recognition; Wernicke's and Broca's areas

17

In right-handed people, where is Wernicke's area?

In the left temporal lobe

18

Frontal lobe

What makes you human and you personally; involved in planning, making decisions, source memory, inhibition of inappropriate behaviors, movement, and personality

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Source memory

Remembering where you got a piece of information

20

Phineas Gage

Received frontal lobe damage; his personality completely changed

21

Primary motor cortex

Also known as the precentral gyrus; located in the frontal lobe; send info to your spinal cord about motor movements

22

Parietal lobe

Spatial processing; body sensations; primary somatosensory cortex

23

Primary somatosensory cortex

Also known as the postcentral gyrus; located in the parietal lobe; contains the map of the body for sensory info; pain

24

Limbic system

Composed of the olfactory bulb, hypothalamus, hippocampus, amygdala, cingulate gyrus; important for emotion, motivation, and memory