A Complete Grammar of Esperanto 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in A Complete Grammar of Esperanto 1 Deck (498):
1

bela

beautiful

2

birdo

bird

3

blanka

white

4

bona

good

5

brili

To shine. To be bright

6

cxevalo

horse

7

dormi

to sleep

8

flava

yellow

9

floro

flower

10

flugi

to fly

11

forta

strong

12

granda

large, great, big

13

kaj

and

14

kanti

to sing

15

knabo

boy

16

kuri

to run

17

la

the

18

luno

moon

19

marsxi

to walk; march

20

pomo

apple

21

suno

sun

22

tablo

table

23

violo

violet

24

viro

man

25

alta

high, tall

26

arbo

tree

27

cxambro

room

28

en

in

29

esti

to be

30

folio

leaf

31

fresxa

fresh

32

gxardeno

garden

33

kampo

field, area

34

kolombo

dove

35

kusxi

to lie down

36

longa

long

37

rozo

rose

38

rugxa

red

39

segxo

chair

40

sidi

to sit, to be seated

41

sur

on, upon

42

sxajni

to seem, to appear to be

43

verda

green

44

apud

by, near, beside (applies to place only)

45

benko

bench

46

brancxo

branch

47

diversa

various

48

felicxa

happy

49

frukto

fruit

50

havi

to have

51

herbo

grass

52

ili

they

53

kolekti

to gather, to collect

54

koloro

color

55

largxa

wide, broad

56

mangxi

to eat (something)

57

mola

soft

58

nigra

black

59

ne

not, no

60

rompi

to break (something)

61

sed

but

62

trovi

to find

63

vidi

to see

64

bruna

brown

65

cxerizo

cherry

66

cxu

yes/no interrogative

67

dolcxa

sweet

68

gusto

taste

69

gxi

it

70

Gertrudo

Gertrude

71

knabino

girl

72

matura

ripe

73

Mario

Mary

74

nek

nor, neither... nor...

75

persiko

peach

76

jes

yes

77

preferi

to prefer

78

sxati

to like, to appreciate

79

voli

to want to, to wish

80

al

to, toward

81

aux

or

82

aux...aux...

either...or...

83

cxar

because, since

84

doni

to give

85

fali

to fall

86

fenestro

window

87

hodiaux

today

88

kudri

to sew

89

skui

to shake

90

stari

to stand

91

sub

under, beneath

92

virino

woman

93

Roberto

Robert

94

agrabla

pleasant, agreeable, nice

95

bildo

picture, image

96

blua

blue

97

danki

to thank

98

de

from

99

diri

to say

100

infano

child

101

interesa

interesting

102

luma

light (not dark)

103

muro

wall

104

nun

now

105

planko

floor

106

pordo

door

107

rigardi

to look (at)

108

tapisxo

carpet

109

tra

through

110

Alfredo

Alfred

111

amuzi

to amuse

112

antaux

before, in front of (time and space)

113

aparteni

to belong to

114

griza

gray

115

iri

to go

116

Johano

John

117

kasxi

to hide (something)

118

komenci

to begin (something)

119

lauxdi

to commend, to laud, to praise

120

legi

to read

121

libro

book

122

perdi

to lose (something)

123

skatolo

box

124

strato

street

125

si

himself, herself, themselves, itself

126

diro

saying, remark

127

gxis

as far as, up to, down to, until

128

hieraux

yesterday

129

juna

young

130

kapti

to catch, to capture, to seize

131

kato

cat

132

kolera

angry

133

lavi

to wash

134

mangxo

meal

135

nesto

nest

136

pasero

sparrow

137

patro

father

138

post

after (in time)

139

surprizi

to surprise

140

teni

to hold, to keep

141

vizagxo

face

142

arabo

Arab

143

baldaux

soon

144

Bostono

Boston

145

frato

brother

146

kamelo

camel

147

kapo

head

148

kolo

neck

149

korpo

body

150

meti

to put, to place

151

nazo

nose

152

nur

only, merely

153

pusxi

to push

154

trans

across, on the other side of

155

tuta

whole, entire, all

156

urbo

city

157

varma

warm

158

akvo

water

159

amiko

friend

160

ankaux

also, too

161

bezoni

to need

162

dezerto

desert

163

fidela

faithful

164

mono

money

165

negxi

to snow

166

pluvi

to rain

167

porti

to carry, to wear

168

ricxa

rich, wealthy

169

sablo

sand

170

sako

sack, bag

171

seka

dry

172

tamen

however, nevertheless

173

trinki

to drink

174

veni

to come

175

vojo

road, way

176

auxdi

to hear

177

blovi

to blow

178

greno

grain (wheat, corn, etc.)

179

ke

that (conjunction)

180

kontraux

against

181

montri

to show, to point out

182

norda

northern

183

okcidenta

western

184

oni

one, they, people (indefinite pronoun)

185

opinii

to think, to have an opinion that...

186

orienta

eastern

187

pluvo

rain

188

suda

southern

189

velki

to wilt, to wither

190

vento

wind

191

vetero

weather

192

almenaux

at least

193

cxapelo

hat

194

cxielo

sky, heaven

195

filo

son

196

konstrui

to build

197

miri

to wonder

198

morgaux

tomorrow

199

nubo

cloud

200

ombrelo

umbrella

201

paroli

to talk, to speak

202

parko

park

203

preskaux

almost, nearly

204

pri

concerning, about

205

promeni

to take a walk

206

super

above, over

207

timi

to fear (something), to be afraid

208

tiu

that one

209

zorga

careful

210

busxo

mouth

211

dekstra

right (not left)

212

cxi

indicates proximity and nearness

213

forko

fork

214

helpo

help, aid

215

kafo

coffee

216

kulero

spoon

217

mano

hand

218

per

by means of, with

219

supo

soup

220

telero

plate (serving dish)

221

terpomo

potato

222

ties

that one's

223

trancxi

to cut (with knife)

224

tre

very, exceedingly

225

viando

meat

226

dum

during, while

227

ecx

even

228

gardi

to guard

229

helpi

to help

230

honti

to be ashamed

231

kara

dear, precious, expensive

232

kontenta

satisfied, content

233

kuragxa

courageous, brave

234

nokto

night

235

povi

to be able to

236

preni

to take

237

propono

proposal

238

respondi

to answer

239

ruza

smart, cunning, clever, sly, crafty

240

sxteli

to steal

241

tia

that kind of

242

tuj

immediately

243

vocxo

voice

244

el

out of, out

245

cxirkaux

around, roundabout

246

for

away (distant)

247

frua

early

248

glavo

sword

249

horo

hour

250

kun

with

251

lasi

to leave, to let

252

peli

to drive on, to chase

253

posxo

pocket

254

rajdi

to ride

255

rapidi

to hasten, to be fast

256

resti

to remain, to stay

257

sagxa

wise

258

tie

there, that place

259

voki

to call, to summon

260

ami

to love

261

ekster

outside (of)

262

Frederiko

Frederick

263

gratuli

to congratulate

264

intereso

an interest

265

letero

letter (mail)

266

plej

most (superlative)

267

plezuro

pleasure, enjoyment

268

pli

more (comparative)

269

plumo

pen, feather

270

rakonti

to narrate, to tell (a story)

271

regxo

king

272

servisto

servant

273

skribi

to write

274

tiam

then, that time

275

zorgo

concern, care

276

anstataux

instead of

277

aprilo

April

278

auxgusto

August

279

jaro

year

280

junio

June

281

julio

July

282

majo

May

283

marto

March

284

monato

month

285

multa

much, a lot of

286

multaj

many (plural form of "much")

287

ofta

frequent

288

ofte

often, frequently

289

ol

than (in comparision)

290

printempo

spring (season)

291

tago

day

292

sezono

season

293

somero

summer

294

tial

therefore, (for) that reason

295

vintro

winter

296

auxtuno

autumn, fall

297

decembro

December

298

ju... des...

the ... the ...

299

februaro

February

300

glacio

ice

301

inter

between, among

302

januaro

January

303

kovri

to cover

304

negxo

snow

305

novembro

November

306

nuda

bare, naked

307

oktobro

October

308

pro

because of

309

rikolti

to harvest, reap

310

rivero

river

311

septembro

September

312

tero

earth, ground

313

dimancxo

Sunday

314

energia

energetic

315

frosto

frost

316

je

at, on (indefinite)

317

kota

muddy

318

labori

to work, to labor

319

laca

tired, weary

320

mardo

Tuesday

321

brila

brilliant

322

Dio

God

323

dividi

to divide

324

fari

to make, to do

325

forgesi

to forget

326

gxojo

joy

327

konstanta

constant

328

kvieta

quiet, calm

329

lando

land, country

330

merkredo

Wednesday

331

mezo

middle

332

mondo

world

333

paci

to be at peace

334

por

for

335

plori

to cry

336

preta

ready

337

ridi

to laugh

338

riprocxi

to reproach

339

Aleksandro

Alexander

340

barelo

barrel

341

bruo

noise

342

da

of (follows quantity or measure)

343

demandi

to inquire, to ask

344

greka

Greek

345

kelkaj

several, some

346

kvankam

although

347

cxifono

rag

348

koni

to be acquainted with

349

lauxta

loud

350

lito

bed

351

logxi

to dwell, to reside

352

nombro

number (quantity)

353

pura

clean, pure

354

suficxa

sufficient, enough

355

veki

to wake (someone) up

356

viziti

to visit

357

vesto

garment, article of clothing

358

acxeti

to buy

359

asparago

asparagus

360

brasiko

cabbage

361

butiko

store, shop

362

frago

strawberry

363

funto

pound

364

glaso

glass, tumbler (for drinking)

365

jxauxdo

Thursday

366

kremo

cream

367

kontuzo

bruise, contusion

368

lakto

milk

369

legomo

vegetable

370

ovo

egg

371

pizo

pea

372

sabato

Saturday

373

tiom

that much, that amount

374

vendredo

Friday

375

vilagxo

village

376

alia

other, another

377

baki

to bake

378

dika

thick, fat

379

facila

easy

380

familio

family

381

kanapo

sofa

382

kies

whose, which one's

383

kiu

who, which one

384

kuiri

to cook

385

kurteno

curtain

386

kutimo

custom

387

leciono

lesson

388

lerni

to learn

389

pano

bread

390

persono

person

391

salono

parlor, salon

392

avo

grandfather

393

bukedo

bouquet

394

ekzameno

examination, test

395

fermi

to close

396

geometrio

geometry

397

germana

German

398

hejmo

home

399

kia

what kind of, what sort of

400

lingvo

language

401

nepo

grandson

402

nu

well (then)! now then!

403

papero

paper

404

saluti

to greet

405

scii

to know (a fact)

406

studi

to study

407

aero

air

408

danci

to dance

409

fulmo

lightning

410

guto

drop (of water, etc.)

411

kie

where

412

okazi

to happen, to occur

413

okulo

eye

414

peco

piece

415

peza

heavy

416

polvo

dust

417

sekvi

to follow

418

sercxi

to search, to search for

419

silenta

silent

420

subita

sudden

421

tegmento

roof

422

tondro

thunder

423

araneo

spider

424

Azio

Asia

425

cxe

at

426

fino

end, ending

427

fojo

time, instance

428

kiam

when

429

pacienco

patience

430

piedo

foot

431

plafono

ceiling

432

rampi

to crawl

433

rekta

direct, straight

434

rimarki

to notice

435

sendi

to send

436

Skotlando

Scotland

437

soldato

soldier

438

sukcesi

to succeed

439

supre

above

440

venki

to conquer

441

afabla

amiable, affable, friendly

442

afero

thing, matter, affair

443

balanci

to balance, to nod

444

barbo

beard

445

batalo

battle

446

brovo

eyebrow

447

buklo

curl (of hair)

448

haro

(one) hair

449

kial

why

450

mejlo

mile

451

okulharo

eyelash

452

okulvitroj

spectacles, eyeglasses

453

pensi

to think

454

vango

cheek

455

verando

porch, veranda

456

vivi

to live, to be alive

457

unu

one

458

du

two

459

tri

three

460

kvar

four

461

kvin

five

462

ses

six

463

sep

seven

464

ok

eight

465

naux

nine

466

dek

ten

467

dek unu

eleven

468

dek du

twelve

469

aritmetiko

arithmetic

470

cent

(a) hundred

471

eraro

error, mistake

472

kalkuli

to calculate, to reckon

473

kiom

how much

474

memori

to remember

475

mil

(a) thousand

476

minuto

(a) minute

477

ricevi

to receive

478

sekundo

(a) second

479

superjaro

leap year

480

angla

English

481

deziri

to desire, to wish

482

dolaro

dollar

483

gajni

to win, to gain

484

kosti

to cost

485

lasta

last

486

latina

Latin

487

maro

sea

488

necesa

necessary

489

pafi

to shoot

490

pafarko

bow (for shooting)

491

parto

a part, a share

492

peni

to strive, to try

493

traduki

to translate

494

sago

arrow

495

sama

same

496

ankoraux

still, yet

497

ataki

to attack

498

bati

to beat