Morphemes 1 Flashcards Preview

Esperanto > Morphemes 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Morphemes 1 Deck (500):
1

acxet

to buy

2

adiaux

good-bye

3

aer

air

4

afabl

kind, friendly

5

afer

matter, affair, thing

6

Afrik

Africa

7

agrabl

pleasant, nice

8

agx

age

9

ajn

-ever (e.g. kiu ajn: whoever; iam ajn: whenever)

10

akcept

to accept

11

akr

sharp

12

akv

water

13

al

to, towards (preposition)

14

aligx

to join (intrans.)

15

alven

to arrive (intrans.)

16

ali

other

17

almenaux

at least (adverb)

18

alt

high, tall

19

am

to love, to like

20

amas

mass, crowd

21

ambaux

both

22

amik

friend

23

Angl

Englishman

24

angul

corner, angle

25

ankaux

also, too (adverb)

26

ankoraux

still (adverb)

27

anstataux

instead of (preposition, conjunction)

28

antaux

before (preposition)

29

apart

separate

30

apenaux

barely, scarcely (adverb)

31

aper

to appear

32

apetit

appetite

33

april

april

34

apud

beside, near (preposition)

35

arb

tree

36

art

art

37

atend

to wait

38

atent

attentive, careful

39

atest

to attest, to certify

40

aux

or, either... or... (conjunction)

41

auxd

to hear

42

auxgust

august

43

auxskult

to listen

44

auxt

automobile, car

45

auxtobus

bus, coach

46

auxtun

autumn, fall

47

av

grandfather

48

baldaux

soon (adverb)

49

bat

to hit, to beat

50

batal

to fight

51

bel

lovely, beautiful

52

best

animal

53

bezon

to need, to require

54

bicikl

bicycle

55

bier

beer

56

bigami

bigamy

57

bilard

billiards, pool

58

bild

picture, image

59

bird

bird

60

blank

white

61

blind

blind

62

blond

blond

63

blu

blue

64

bon

good

65

bord

border, shore, bank

66

bov

bull, ox

67

brak

arm

68

bril

to shine, to be bright

69

bru

to make a noise

70

brul

to burn, to be on fire (intrans.)

71

brun

brown

72

Bruno

Esperantized version of the name "Brown"

73

bub

boy, lad (often pejorative)

74

bufed

buffet, snack-bar

75

busx

mouth

76

butik

store, shop

77

butikum

to go shopping

78

cel

to aim at

79

cent

(one) hundred

80

cert

sure, certain

81

ci

thou (rare)

82

cigared

cigarette

83

cxambr

room

84

cxapel

hat

85

cxar

because, since (conjunction)

86

cxas

to hunt

87

cxe

at, by (preposition)

88

cxeval

horse

89

cxi

indicates proximity (e.g. tio: that; tio cxi: this; tie: there; tie cxi: here)

90

cxiel

heaven, sky

91

cxirkaux

around, approximately (adverb)

92

cxokolad

chocolate

93

cxu

whether (interrogative particle)

94

da

of (follows quantity or measure) (preposition)

95

Dalas

Dallas

96

danc

to dance

97

dank

to thank

98

dauxr

to last, to continue, to go on

99

de

of, from (preposition)

100

denov

again, once more

101

decembr

december

102

dek

ten

103

dekstr

right (side)

104

demand

to ask (a question)

105

dens

dense, thick

106

dent

tooth

107

dev

to have to, to must

108

dezir

to wish, to desire

109

di

god

110

dik

thick, fat

111

dimancx

sunday

112

dir

to say

113

direkt

direction

114

disk

disk, record

115

divers

varied

116

do

therefore, so, then (conjunction)

117

dolcx

sweet

118

dolor

pain

119

dom

house, building

120

don

to give

121

dorm

to sleep

122

du

two

123

dub

to doubt (trans.)

124

dum

while (conjunction), during (preposition)

125

ecx

even (adverb)

126

edz

husband

127

ehx

echo

128

ekster

outside, out of (preposition)

129

ekzempl

example

130

ekzerc

to exercise, to practice

131

el

out of, from (preposition)

132

elekt

to choose, to elect

133

en

in, into (with accusative) (preposition)

134

erar

to err, to make a mistake

135

eskim

Eskimo, Inuit

136

esper

to hope

137

esperant

esperanto

138

est

to be

139

Euxklid

Euclid

140

Euxrop

Europe

141

facil

easy

142

fajr

fire

143

fal

to fall

144

famili

family

145

far

to do, to make

146

fart

to fare, to feel ("Kiel vi fartas?": "How are you?")

147

februar

february

148

felicx

happy

149

fenestr

window

150

fer

iron

151

ferm

to close

152

fest

to celebrate

153

fil

son

154

fin

to finish, to end (something) (trans.)

155

fingr

finger

156

fisx

fish

157

flank

side

158

flav

yellow

159

flor

flower

160

flug

to fly

161

foj

time, occasion

162

for

far, away (adverb)

163

forges

to forget

164

form

form

165

fort

strong

166

frap

to hit, to strike

167

frat

brother

168

frauxl

bachelor (frauxlino: unmarried woman, "Miss")

169

fremd

foreign, alien

170

fru

early

171

frukt

fruit

172

fum

smoke

173

gaj

happy, cheerful

174

gajn

to win, to acquire

175

gazet

magazine

176

geografi

geography

177

glaci

ice

178

glas

(drinking) glass

179

glob

globe, sphere

180

gol

goal (scored)

181

grand

large, great

182

grav

important

183

griz

gray

184

gust

taste

185

gustum

to taste (something) (trans.)

186

gxangal

jungle

187

gxarden

garden

188

gxi

it

189

gxis

till, until, as far as (preposition, conjunction)

190

gxoj

to be glad, to rejoice

191

gxust

correct, exact

192

ha!

ah! (interjection)

193

halt

to stop (intrans.)

194

har

(one) hair

195

hav

to have

196

hejm

home

197

hel

bright, clear

198

help

to help

199

herb

grass

200

hieraux

yesterday

201

histori

history

202

ho!

o!, oh! (interjection)

203

hodiaux

today

204

hom

person

205

hor

hour, time of day

206

hund

dog

207

hxor

choir, chorus

208

ide

idea

209

ili

they

210

imag

to imagine

211

indian

(American) Indian

212

infan

child

213

insekt

insect

214

instru

to teach

215

inter

between, among (preposition)

216

interes

interest

217

interes

to interest, to be interesting to (trans.)

218

intern

internal, inside

219

ir

to go

220

ja

indeed (emphatic particle)

221

jahxt

yacht

222

jam

already (adverb)

223

januar

january

224

jar

year

225

je

as regards, in relation to (indefinite preposition)

226

jen

here is (are), look!; sometimes... sometimes..., now... now...

227

jes

yes

228

Johan

John

229

juli

july

230

jun

young

231

juni

june

232

just

just, fair

233

jxaluz

jealous

234

jxauxd

thursday

235

jxet

to throw

236

jxurnal

newspaper

237

jxus

just, just now (adverb)

238

kaf

coffee

239

kaj

and (conjunction)

240

Kalgari

Calgary

241

kalkul

to calculate, to count

242

kamp

field, area

243

kanjon

canyon

244

kant

to sing

245

kap

head

246

kapt

to catch

247

kar

dear

248

kasx

to hide (trans.)

249

kat

cat

250

kauxz

cause

251

ke

that (conjunction)

252

kelk

some

253

klar

clear

254

klin

to incline, to bend (trans.)

255

klub

club, group

256

knab

boy

257

kol

neck

258

kolekt

to collect (trans.)

259

koler

to be angry

260

kolor

color

261

komenc

to begin (something) (trans.)

262

komerc

to trade, to do business

263

kompren

to understand

264

komun

common, general

265

kon

to know

266

konduk

to lead

267

kongres

congress, convention

268

konsent

to agree

269

konsil

to advise

270

konstru

to build

271

kontent

satisfied, content

272

kontraux

against, opposite (preposition)

273

kor

heart

274

korespond

to correspond, to exchange letters

275

korp

body

276

kort

yard, courtyard

277

kost

to cost

278

kovert

envelope

279

kovr

to cover

280

kred

to believe

281

kresk

to grow (intrans.)

282

kri

to yell, to cry out

283

krom

besides, except (preposition)

284

ktp

"kaj tiel plu" ("and so on") (abbr.)

285

kuir

to cook

286

kuk

cake

287

kun

with (preposition)

288

kunikl

rabbit

289

kur

to run

290

kuragx

brave, courageous

291

kurs

course, series of lessons

292

kusx

to lie down

293

kutim

custom, habit

294

kvankam

although (conjunction)

295

kvar

four

296

kvazaux

as if, as though (conjunction, adverb)

297

kvin

five

298

la

the (definite article)

299

labor

to work

300

lac

tired

301

lakt

milk

302

land

country, land

303

largx

wide

304

las

to leave, to allow

305

last

last

306

laux

according to, along (preposition)

307

lav

to wash (trans.)

308

lecion

lesson

309

leg

to read

310

lern

to learn

311

leter

letter (correspondence)

312

lev

to lift

313

li

he

314

liber

free, independent

315

libr

book

316

lig

league, alliance

317

lig

to tie, to bind

318

lign

wood

319

limonad

lemonade, soft drink (Europe)

320

lingv

language

321

lini

line

322

lit

bed

323

logx

to live, to inhabit

324

lok

place, position

325

London

London

326

long

long

327

lud

to play

328

lum

to shine, to give light

329

lund

monday

330

maj

may (month)

331

man

hand

332

mangx

to eat

333

mank

to be lacking, to be absent

334

mar

sea, ocean

335

mard

tuesday

336

mark

sign, mark

337

mart

march (month)

338

maten

morning

339

matenmangx

breakfast

340

mejl

mile

341

mem

-self, -selves

342

membr

member

343

memor

to remember

344

merkred

wednesday

345

met

to put, to place

346

mez

middle

347

mezur

to measure (something) (trans.)

348

mi

I, me

349

mil

(one) thousand

350

milion

million

351

milit

to wage war

352

minut

minute

353

mir

to marvel, to be amazed

354

moment

moment

355

mon

money

356

monat

month

357

mond

world

358

mont

mountain

359

montr

to show

360

morgaux

tomorrow

361

mort

to die (intrans.)

362

mov

to move (something) (trans.)

363

mult

much, a lot of

364

mur

wall

365

naci

nation

366

nagx

to swim

367

nask

to give birth (to) (trans.)

368

natur

nature

369

naux

nine

370

naz

nose

371

ne

no, not

372

neces

necessary

373

negx

snow

374

nek

nor, neither... nor... (conjunction)

375

neuxtral

neutral, impartial

376

ni

we, us

377

nigr

black

378

nokt

night

379

nom

name

380

nombr

number, amount

381

nord

north

382

nov

new

383

Nov-Jork

New York

384

novembr

november

385

nu

well!, now! (interjection)

386

nub

cloud

387

nul

zero

388

nul

nil, name of the number zero

389

nun

now

390

nur

only (adverb)

391

oft

frequent, common

392

ok

eight

393

okaz

to happen, to occur

394

oktobr

October

395

okul

eye

396

okup

to occupy

397

ol

than (in comparisions) (conjunction)

398

ond

wave

399

oni

one, people, "they" (indefinite pronoun)

400

onkl

uncle

401

opini

to think, to have an opinion

402

ord

order

403

ordon

to order, to command

404

orel

ear

405

ost

bone

406

ov

egg

407

pac

peace

408

paf

to shoot

409

pag

to pay

410

pan

bread

411

pantofl

slipper

412

paper

paper

413

pardon

to forgive, to excuse

414

Pariz

Paris

415

parol

to speak

416

part

part

417

pas

to pass

418

pasx

to step, to pace

419

patr

father

420

pec

piece, bit

421

pen

to try, to endeavour

422

pens

to think

423

per

by (means of), with (preposition)

424

perd

to lose

425

permes

to allow, to permit

426

person

person

427

pet

to ask (for), to request

428

pied

foot

429

pilk

ball (for playing)

430

placx

to please, to be pleasing

431

plagx

beach

432

plank

floor

433

plej

most (superlative) (adverb)

434

plen

full

435

plend

to complain

436

plezur

pleasure, enjoyment

437

pli

more (comparative) (adverb)

438

plor

to cry, to weep

439

plu

further, more (adverb)

440

plum

pen

441

pluv

rain

442

polus

pole (as in North Pole)

443

popol

people, nation

444

por

for, in order to (preposition)

445

pord

door

446

port

to carry

447

post

after, behind (preposition)

448

postul

to demand, to require

449

posx

pocket

450

pov

to be able (to)

451

prav

right, correct

452

precip

main, principal

453

prem

to press, to squeeze

454

pren

to take

455

preskaux

almost (adverb)

456

pret

ready

457

preter

beyond, past (preposition)

458

prezent

to present

459

pri

about, concerning (preposition)

460

printemp

spring

461

pro

because of, by reason of (preposition)

462

problem

problem

463

profund

deep

464

proksim

near, close

465

promen

to take a walk

466

propr

(one's) own

467

prosper

to prosper

468

prov

to try, to test

469

pun

to punish

470

punkt

point, period

471

pur

clean, pure

472

rajt

a right

473

rakont

to tell, to narrate

474

rapid

quick, fast

475

reg

to rule, to control

476

renkont

to meet

477

respond

to answer

478

rest

to remain, to continue to be

479

rest

rest, remainder

480

ricev

to receive

481

ricx

rich

482

rid

to laugh

483

rigard

to look (at)

484

rimark

to notice

485

rimed

means, resource

486

ripoz

to rest

487

river

river

488

rob

a dress

489

romp

to break (trans.)

490

rond

round, circle

491

roz

rose

492

rugx

red

493

sabat

saturday

494

sabl

sand

495

sag

arrow

496

salt

to jump

497

salut

to greet

498

sam

same

499

san

healthy

500

San-Francisk

San Francisco